Rizal (from the Spanish word Jose Protacio Rizal ricial, meaning green field or Nickname is Pepe pasture)-National Hero of the Philippines-Pride of the Malayan Race-Born June 19, 1861 in CalambaLaguna -7th child in a family of 11children (2boys and 9 girls)-Francisco Mercado Rizal (Father)-Teodora Alonzo y Quintos (Mother)-at the age of 3 he learned thealphabet -at 5 he showed inclinations to be an artist-at 8 he wrote a Tagalog Poem(Sa Aking Mga Kabata)-at 16 he obtaines his bachelor ofArts Degree in Ateneo Municipal deManila
-1877 he enrolled in Philosophy and -mastered 22 languages. Letters in University of Santo Tomas -versatile genius -He finished the latter course on March While in europe he had several works 21, 1877 and passed the Surveyor’s examination on May 21, 1878. -Noli me tangere -In 1878, he enrolled in medicine at -SUCCESSOS DE LAS ISLAS the University of Santo Tomas. FILIPINAS-May 3, 1882, he sailed for Spain -EL FILIBUSTERISMOwhere he continued his studies at theUniversidad Central de Madrid-June 21, 1884, at the age of 23, he wasconferred the degree of Licentiate inMedicine-June 19,1885, at the age of 24, hefinished his course in Philosophy andLetters with a grade of "excellent."
rizal the romantic There were nine women linked with Rizal Josephine Bracken -they met in Dapitan -the adopted daughter of George Taufer from Hong Kong
July 3, 1892 La Liga Filipina (The Philippine League)Diodato Arellano Ambrosio Salvador (Secretary) (President) Bonifacio Arevalo Agustin dela Rosa (Treasurer) (Fiscal)
Purposes of the Liga• To unite the whole archipelago into onecompact, vigorous, and homogenous body;• Mutual protection in every want andnecessity;• Defense against all violence and injustice;• Encouragement of instruction, agriculture,and commerce; and• Study and application of reforms.
The Split La Liga Filipina Cuerpo de KatipunanCompromisarios
La LigaFilipinawas a progressive organizationcreated by Dr. Jose Rizal in thePhilippinesconceived the idea ofestablishing a civic associationcomposed of Filipinosmembers were DeodatoArellano, Andrés Bonifacio,Anastacio Carpio andApolinario Mabini
The Katipunan Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan nang manga Anak ng BayanTondo, ManilaJuly 7, 1892 Supremo (Supreme) of the Katipunan Andres Bonifacio
- The Katipunan drew inspirationfrom Jose Rizal, whose nationalistwritings stirred an oppressed nationinto action... ...Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) and the El Filibusterismo (The Subversive), denounced the decadent colonial order presided by the incompetent and abusive colonial officials and the backward and immoral frailocracy.
IT IS A REVOLUTION AND NOT A REFORM!* They were interested in liberating the country from thetyranny of the Spaniards, and the only way, to their minds,to accomplish their end was to prepare the people for anarmed conflict.
The Katipunan Objectives1. Political objectives - consisted in working for the separation of the Philippines from Spain.2. Moral objective - revolved about around the teaching of good manners, hygiene, good morals, and attacking obscurantism, religious fanaticism, and weakness of character. 3. Civic aim - revolved around the principle of self-help and the defense of the poor and the oppressed
Propaganda MovementJose RizalMarcelo H. Del PilarMariano Ponce- they were called the “Glorious Trinity ofthe Propaganda Movement”.
Propaganda Movement Goals of the PropagandaOn Dec 13, 1888 - they -Representation of the Philippines inestablished in Barcelona the the Cortes Generales, the SpanishLa Solidaridad. parliament; -Secularization of the clergy;- This movement called forthe annexation of the -Legalization of Spanish and FilipinoPhilippines, Filipino equality;representation in theSpanish legislature, freedom -Creation of a public school system independent of the friars;of speech and the press, andFilipino equality before the - Abolition of the polo (laborlaw. service) and vandala (forced sale of local products to the government);
-Guarantee of basic freedoms ofspeech and association;-Equal opportunity for Filipinosand - -Spanish to entergovernment service.-Recognition of the Philippines as aprovince of Spain-Secularization of Philippineparishes- Recognition of human rights
Noli Me Tangerea novel published in BerlinGermany in 1887Originally written in Spanish
El FilibusterismoA second novel written byRizal which is a sequel ofNoli Me Tangerepublished in 1891 inGhent, Belgium
His life and contributionin Dapitan -physician -engineer -Educator -Agriculturist -Businessman -Inventor -Artist -Linguist -scientist