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B2: Open Up: Open Data in the Public Sector



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B2: Open Up: Open Data in the Public Sector

  2. 2. • Presentation – The wider perspective – what is open data, what can you do with it, how did we get so interested in it? - Marieke Guy, 20 minutes • Discussion – your experiences of open data so far - All, 20 minutes • Presentation – Real projects - including LinkedUp and School of data - Marieke Guy and Tony Hirst, 20 minutes • Hands-on – getting your hands dirty with open data - facilitated by Tony Hirst, 30 minutes Today’s workshop
  3. 3. The wider perspective
  4. 4. So what is open data? “A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.” ``
  5. 5. 5 ★ open data  1. make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license  2. make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table)  3. Use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel)  4. Use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff  5. Link your data to other data to provide context
  6. 6. Open data can be any structured information but often focused non- textual material. Examples include: •Government data ( •Educational data •Economic data •Research data •Wikipedia says: “maps, genomes, connectomes, chemical compounds, mathematical and scientific formulae, medical data and practice, bioscience and biodiversity” Examples of open data
  7. 7. Open government data is already creating value, for example: •Transparency and democratic control •Participation •Self-empowerment •Improved or new private products and services •Innovation •Improved efficiency of government services •Improved effectiveness of government services •Impact measurement of policies •New knowledge from combined data sources and patterns in large data volumes Value of open data
  8. 8. Pressure for open data is coming from many directions: •Government – need to be seen to be transparent after recent fiascos, tax payers money •Research – drivers from funders, public generally •Advocacy groups – including the Open Knowledge Foundation •Hackers/developers – want to create products and tools around open data •Business – interested in commercial exploitation •Education – for benchmarking and decision making Who wants open data?
  9. 9. • Can allow comparison between individual HEIs and cluster groups • Can inform decision making – based on empirical information • Can help with transparency and accountability of public institutions • Can allow the creation of innovative tools that bring together different data sets and give offer a different perspective [CHET, South African HE open data] Potential of open data in HE
  10. 10. • Policy Exchange report - A Right to Data: Fulfilling the promise of open public data in the UK (March 2012) • “raw ingredients that help people make smarter decisions” • Recommendations: • Statutory right to data • Leadership in the public sector – need to change mindsets • Public task – public bodies define their public task and data associated • Any other key reports??? Policy exchange report
  11. 11. • Some of the key recommendations (May 2013) o The government should produce and take forward a National Data Strategy with a twin-track policy for data- release (data doesn’t have to be perfect) o We should have a clear pragmatic policy on privacy and confidentiality o Building on existing activities around capability, there should be a focused programme of investment to build skill-sets in basic data science through our academic institutions o We should look at new ways to gather evidence of the economic and social value of opening up PSI and government data o We should develop a model of a 'mixed economy' of public data so that everyone can benefit from some forms of two-way sharing between the public and the commercial sectors Shakespeare report
  12. 12. “We have opened up much public data already, but need to go much further in making this data accessible. We believe publicly funded research should be freely available. We have commissioned independent groups of academics and publishers to review the availability of published research, and to develop action plans for making this freely available” Making Public Data Accessible The Open Data Institute (ODI) will be the first of its kind, a pioneering centre of innovation, driven by the UK Government’s Open Data policy The research data push..
  13. 13. • Report by Royal Society, June 2012 • Analyses the impact of new and emerging technologies that are transforming the conduct and communication of research • Recommendations: • Scientists should make data available in data repositories • Universities have a major role to play in supporting open data • Learned societies and academic bodies should promote open science • Science journals should require data underpinning article • Industry sector and regulators should work together to share data in public interest Science as an Open EnterpriseMore pushing…
  14. 14. Open data: A little history…
  15. 15.
  16. 16. • Set up 9 years ago in Cambridge by Rufus Pollock and others • The OKF: o works with and on behalf of citizens, CSOs and journalists o challenges governments and corporations o is driven to create empowerment, want to see real change in knowledge "power” o is independent and community driven Open Knowledge Foundation “From government to science to culture, open knowledge is now on its way to being established as an essential part of our information environment”
  17. 17. • Flagship Projects: o CKAN o Openspending o School of data o Public domain review • Other work: o Open data handbook o Open GLAM o Open definition o OKCon o Crowdcrafting Some OKF projects/work
  18. 18. • Set up in 2012 by Nigel Shadbolt & Tim Berners-Lee, with government support • Independent, non-profit, non-partisan, limited by guarantee company • Works for (or with) the UK government and aim is to promote new profitable businesses and economic growth • Will “catalyse an open data culture that has economic, environmental and social benefits” • Not currently that active in the HE space- role to play? Open Data Institute (ODI)
  19. 19. …or your institution. There are two ways you can play the open data game: 1.By making your (or your institution’s ) data available. 2.By using open data that is already available. Open data and you…
  20. 20. http://beta.findtoilet.dk
  21. 21. http://mapumental.com
  22. 22. http://www.locrating.com
  23. 23. Discussion
  24. 24. In groups of 3 or 4 think about: •Your experiences, so far, of open data •Are you creating data for reuse in your institution? •Have you been reusing external data? •What data would you like to see made open? Discussion
  25. 25. Real projects
  26. 26. • EUCLID: Educational Curriculum for the usage of Linked data • European project facilitating professional training for data practitioners, who aim to use Linked Data in their daily work. • Curriculum delivered as combination of learning materials and activities (eBook series, webinars, face‐to‐face training) Southampton DataEUCLID Project
  27. 27. Data Case Study: Southampton • Not big data but small data • Got to be useful!! • Chris Gutteridge is talking in another room! Chris Gutteridge - Southampton case study
  28. 28. • Places: Buildings, Rooms, Campuses, Counties, Disabled Access • Organisation Structure • Products & Services: Coffee, Sandwiches, Library Services, Recycle Points • Points of Service: Coffee Shops, Swimming Pools, Libraries, Receptions • Teaching: Courses, Modules, Statistics, Student Satisfaction • Travel: Stations, Bus-Stops, Bus-Routes, Bus Times • Resources: EPrints, Videos, Learning Objects • People: Contact Information, Experts for the Media • Events: Open Days, University History • Jargon Southampton DataSouthampton open data
  29. 29. Southampton Open DataSouthampton tools
  30. 30. • Google docs, excel spread sheets, RDF, triples • Grinder – github • Graphite – php library • Graphite (publishing RDF). Required skills: o RDF structure o RDF/XML o XSLT • Graphite (consuming RDF). Required skills: o RDF structure o PHP Southampton Uses…Southampton tools
  31. 31.
  32. 32. • Loughborough University: Pedestal for Progression • Roehampton University: fulCRM • Southampton Student Dashboard at the University of Southampton • tutees, directory info, whether coursework has been handed in, and attendance. • University of Derby’s SETL (Student Engagement Traffic Lighting) • The ESCAPES (Enhancing Student Centred Administration for Placement ExperienceS) project at the University of Nottingham Student Attendance DataOther HE examples
  33. 33. Student Attendance DataHE research examples • University of Lincoln researcher dashboard • They linked CKAN, the Orbital bridge application and the Lincoln repository using SWORD
  34. 34. • Loughborough University: Pedestal for Progression • Roehampton University: fulCRM • Southampton Student Dashboard at the University of Southampton • tutees, directory info, whether coursework has been handed in, and attendance. • University of Derby’s SETL (Student Engagement Traffic Lighting) • The ESCAPES (Enhancing Student Centred Administration for Placement ExperienceS) project at the University of Nottingham Student Attendance DataOther HE examples
  35. 35. • FP7 coordination and support action running from 1 November 2012 - 31 October 2014 LinkedUp project “Pushes forward the exploitation and adoption of public, open data available on the Web, in particular by educational organisations and institutions”
  36. 36. • Three main objectives: o Open Web Data Success Stories - Gathering innovative and robust scenarios of deployed tools integrating and analysing large scale, open Web data in the education sector. o Evaluation Framework for Open Web Data Applications - Providing a complete framework for the evaluation of large-scale open Web data applications. o Technology Transfer in the Education Sector - Demonstrating and promoting the benefit of open Web data technologies in education, and provide a reusable testbed in this domain. LinkedUp project
  37. 37. Project partners • Web site: • Twitter: @linkedupproject • Hashtag: #linkedupproject
  38. 38. • A series of three competitions promoting the innovative use of linked and open data in an educational context • About finding ways to link and mash up educational and cross- domain linked and open data to provide novel applications and services for open and distance education • Looking for educationally relevant demos, protoypes and tools which use open or linked data • Can use any open data (not just what is in the LinkedUp catalogue) and open to all! • Benefits: cash prizes; showcase ideas; networking opportunities, develop for real world settings; kudos, work with real data sets; data and development support LinkedUp challenge
  39. 39. • First competition: Veni (March 2013 - October 2013 – Deadline today!!): Innovative prototypes and tools for analysing and integrating open educational Web data • Second competition: Vidi (November 2013 - April 2014): Challenging and innovative, mature data-driven applications • Third competition: Vici (May 2014 - November 2014): Robust applications for large-scale educational use-cases, offered and provided by LinkedUp LinkedUp comps
  40. 40. Available datasets The Linked Education Cloud is a repository/catalogue of Web datasets relevant to educational applications. It is provided according to the standard of the Web of Data, and is constructed based on input from the LinkedUp Community.
  41. 41. The following key people will be leading the evaluation committee: LinkedUp reviewers
  42. 42. • Led by the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN) and Peer 2 Peer University (P2PU) • Financially supported by Open Society Foundations: the Hewlett Foundation and the Shuttleworth Foundation • Aimed at ‘civil society organizations, journalists and citizens’ • Teaches ‘data skills’ • From basic level to technical • All materials under CC-BY-SA licence • Working with OpenBadging community to deliver lightweight accreditation • Adopts a ‘pragmatic not fanatic’ approach to the issue of open source software School of data
  43. 43. School of data courses
  44. 44. • Data Expeditions are quests to map uncharted territory, discover hidden stories and solve unsolved mysteries in the land of data. • Recent expedition: Why garment retailers need to do more in Bangladesh School of data expeditions
  45. 45. • School of Data Handbook – data recipes • Data explorer missions • School of data community and forum (ask school of data) • Links to online resources (Google scraper, Google spreadsheets, scraper wiki) • Web site: • Twitter: @SchoolOfData • Hashtag: #SchoolOfData School of data resources
  46. 46. Getting your hands dirty
  47. 47. As part of LinkedUp project we are thinking of: •Setting up an Open Education Working group •Writing an Open Education Handbook Any thoughts? Resources: •The Open Knowledge Foundation web site: •The Open Data Handbook: And finally…
  48. 48. • Tony Hirst – • Marieke Guy – Moving to the bright side…

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