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B2: Open Up: Open Data in the Public Sector


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Parallel session [B2: Open Up: Open Data in the Public Sector] run at the Institutional Web Management Workshop 2013 (IWMW 2013) event, University of Bath on 26 - 28th June 2013.

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B2: Open Up: Open Data in the Public Sector

  2. 2. • Presentation – The wider perspective – what is open data, what canyou do with it, how did we get so interested in it?- Marieke Guy, 20 minutes• Discussion – your experiences of open data so far- All, 20 minutes• Presentation – Real projects - including LinkedUp and School ofdata- Marieke Guy and Tony Hirst, 20 minutes• Hands-on – getting your hands dirty with open data- facilitated by Tony Hirst, 30 minutesToday’s workshop
  3. 3. The wider perspective
  4. 4. So what is open data?“A piece of data or content is open if anyone isfree to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subjectonly, at most, to the requirement to attributeand/or share-alike.”``
  5. 5. 5 ★ open data 1. make your stuffavailable on the Web(whatever format) underan open license 2. make it available asstructured data (e.g.,Excel instead of imagescan of a table) 3. Use non-proprietaryformats (e.g., CSV insteadof Excel) 4. Use URIs to denotethings, so that people canpoint at your stuff 5. Link your data to otherdata to provide context
  6. 6. Open data can be any structured information but often focused non-textual material. Examples include:•Government data (•Educational data•Economic data•Research data•Wikipedia says: “maps, genomes, connectomes, chemicalcompounds, mathematical and scientific formulae, medical data andpractice, bioscience and biodiversity”Examples of open data
  7. 7. Open government data is already creating value, for example:•Transparency and democratic control•Participation•Self-empowerment•Improved or new private products and services•Innovation•Improved efficiency of government services•Improved effectiveness of government services•Impact measurement of policies•New knowledge from combined data sources and patterns in largedata volumesValue of open data
  8. 8. Pressure for open data is coming from many directions:•Government – need to be seen to be transparent after recent fiascos,tax payers money•Research – drivers from funders, public generally•Advocacy groups – including the Open Knowledge Foundation•Hackers/developers – want to create products and tools around opendata•Business – interested in commercial exploitation•Education – for benchmarking and decision makingWho wants open data?
  9. 9. • Can allow comparison between individual HEIs and cluster groups• Can inform decision making – based on empirical information• Can help with transparency and accountability of public institutions• Can allow the creation of innovative tools that bring togetherdifferent data sets and give offer a different perspective[CHET, South African HE open data]Potential of open data in HE
  10. 10. • Policy Exchange report - A Right to Data: Fulfilling the promise ofopen public data in the UK (March 2012)• “raw ingredients that help people make smarter decisions”• Recommendations:• Statutory right to data• Leadership in the public sector – need to change mindsets• Public task – public bodies define their public task and dataassociated• Any other key reports???Policy exchange report
  11. 11. • Some of the key recommendations (May 2013)o The government should produce and take forward a NationalData Strategy with a twin-track policy for data- release (datadoesn’t have to be perfect)o We should have a clear pragmatic policy on privacy andconfidentialityo Building on existing activities around capability, there should bea focused programme of investment to build skill-sets in basicdata science through our academic institutionso We should look at new ways to gather evidence of the economicand social value of opening up PSI and government datao We should develop a model of a mixed economy of public dataso that everyone can benefit from some forms of two-waysharing between the public and the commercial sectorsShakespeare report
  12. 12. “We have opened up much publicdata already, but need to go muchfurther in making this dataaccessible. We believe publiclyfunded research should be freelyavailable. We have commissionedindependent groups of academicsand publishers to review theavailability of published research,and to develop action plans formaking this freely available”Making Public Data AccessibleThe Open Data Institute(ODI) will be the first of itskind, a pioneering centre ofinnovation, driven by theUK Government’s OpenData policyThe research data push..
  13. 13. • Report by Royal Society, June 2012• Analyses the impact of new and emergingtechnologies that are transforming theconduct and communication of research• Recommendations:• Scientists should make data available in datarepositories• Universities have a major role to play in supportingopen data• Learned societies and academic bodies shouldpromote open science• Science journals should require data underpinningarticle• Industry sector and regulators should work togetherto share data in public interestScience as an Open EnterpriseMore pushing…
  14. 14. data: A little history…
  15. 15.
  16. 16. • Set up 9 years ago in Cambridge by Rufus Pollock and others• The OKF:o works with and on behalf of citizens, CSOs and journalistso challenges governments and corporationso is driven to create empowerment, want to see real change inknowledge "power”o is independent and community drivenOpen Knowledge Foundation“From government to science to culture,open knowledge is now on its way to beingestablished as an essential part of ourinformation environment”
  17. 17. • Flagship Projects:o CKANo Openspendingo School of datao Public domain review• Other work:o Open data handbooko Open GLAMo Open definitiono OKCono CrowdcraftingSome OKF projects/work
  18. 18. • Set up in 2012 by Nigel Shadbolt & Tim Berners-Lee, withgovernment support• Independent, non-profit, non-partisan, limited by guaranteecompany• Works for (or with) the UK government and aim is to promote newprofitable businesses and economic growth• Will “catalyse an open data culture that has economic,environmental and social benefits”• Not currently that active in the HE space- role to play?Open Data Institute (ODI)
  19. 19. …or your institution.There are two ways you can play the open data game:1.By making your (or your institution’s ) data available.2.By using open data that is already available.Open data and you…
  20. 20. http://beta.findtoilet.dk
  21. 21. http://mapumental.com
  22. 22. http://www.locrating.com
  23. 23. Discussion
  24. 24. In groups of 3 or 4 think about:•Your experiences, so far, of open data•Are you creating data for reuse in your institution?•Have you been reusing external data?•What data would you like to see made open?Discussion
  25. 25. Real projects
  26. 26. • EUCLID: Educational Curriculum for the usage of Linked data• European project facilitating professional training for datapractitioners, who aim to use Linked Data in their daily work.• Curriculum delivered as combination of learning materials andactivities (eBook series, webinars, face‐to‐face training)Southampton DataEUCLID Project
  27. 27. Data Case Study: Southampton• Not big databut small data• Got to beuseful!!• ChrisGutteridge istalking inanother room!Chris Gutteridge - case study
  28. 28. • Places: Buildings, Rooms, Campuses, Counties, DisabledAccess• Organisation Structure• Products & Services: Coffee, Sandwiches, Library Services,Recycle Points• Points of Service: Coffee Shops, Swimming Pools, Libraries,Receptions• Teaching: Courses, Modules, Statistics, Student Satisfaction• Travel: Stations, Bus-Stops, Bus-Routes, Bus Times• Resources: EPrints, Videos, Learning Objects• People: Contact Information, Experts for the Media• Events: Open Days, University History• JargonSouthampton DataSouthampton open data
  29. 29. Southampton Open DataSouthampton tools
  30. 30. • Google docs, excel spread sheets, RDF, triples• Grinder – github• Graphite – php library• Graphite (publishing RDF). Required skills:o RDF structureo RDF/XMLo XSLT• Graphite (consuming RDF). Required skills:o RDF structureo PHPSouthampton Uses…Southampton tools
  31. 31.
  32. 32. • Loughborough University: Pedestal for Progression• Roehampton University: fulCRM• Southampton Student Dashboard at the University of Southampton• tutees, directory info, whether coursework has been handed in, andattendance.• University of Derby’s SETL (Student Engagement Traffic Lighting)• The ESCAPES (Enhancing Student Centred Administration forPlacement ExperienceS) project at the University of NottinghamStudent Attendance DataOther HE examples
  33. 33. Student Attendance DataHE research examples• University ofLincolnresearcherdashboard• They linkedCKAN, theOrbital bridgeapplication andthe Lincolnrepository usingSWORD
  34. 34. • Loughborough University: Pedestal for Progression• Roehampton University: fulCRM• Southampton Student Dashboard at the University of Southampton• tutees, directory info, whether coursework has been handed in, andattendance.• University of Derby’s SETL (Student Engagement Traffic Lighting)• The ESCAPES (Enhancing Student Centred Administration forPlacement ExperienceS) project at the University of NottinghamStudent Attendance DataOther HE examples
  35. 35. • FP7 coordination and support action running from 1 November 2012- 31 October 2014LinkedUp project“Pushes forward theexploitation and adoptionof public, open dataavailable on the Web, inparticular by educationalorganisations andinstitutions”
  36. 36. • Three main objectives:o Open Web Data Success Stories - Gathering innovative androbust scenarios of deployed tools integrating and analysinglarge scale, open Web data in the education sector.o Evaluation Framework for Open Web Data Applications -Providing a complete framework for the evaluation of large-scaleopen Web data applications.o Technology Transfer in the Education Sector - Demonstratingand promoting the benefit of open Web data technologies ineducation, and provide a reusable testbed in this domain.LinkedUp project
  37. 37. Project partners• Web site:• Twitter: @linkedupproject• Hashtag: #linkedupproject
  38. 38. • A series of three competitions promoting the innovative use oflinked and open data in an educational context• About finding ways to link and mash up educational and cross-domain linked and open data to provide novel applications andservices for open and distance education• Looking for educationally relevant demos, protoypes and toolswhich use open or linked data• Can use any open data (not just what is in the LinkedUpcatalogue) and open to all!• Benefits: cash prizes; showcase ideas; networking opportunities,develop for real world settings; kudos, work with real data sets;data and development supportLinkedUp challenge
  39. 39. • First competition: Veni (March 2013 - October 2013 – Deadlinetoday!!): Innovative prototypes and tools for analysing andintegrating open educational Web data• Second competition: Vidi (November 2013 - April 2014):Challenging and innovative, mature data-driven applications• Third competition: Vici (May 2014 - November 2014): Robustapplications for large-scale educational use-cases, offered andprovided by LinkedUpLinkedUp comps
  40. 40. Available datasets Linked Education Cloud is arepository/catalogue of Web datasetsrelevant to educational applications. It isprovided according to the standard of theWeb of Data, and is constructed based oninput from the LinkedUp Community.
  41. 41. The following key people will be leading the evaluation committee:LinkedUp reviewers
  42. 42. • Led by the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN) and Peer 2 PeerUniversity (P2PU)• Financially supported by Open Society Foundations: the HewlettFoundation and the Shuttleworth Foundation• Aimed at ‘civil society organizations, journalists and citizens’• Teaches ‘data skills’• From basic level to technical• All materials under CC-BY-SA licence• Working with OpenBadging community to deliver lightweightaccreditation• Adopts a ‘pragmatic not fanatic’ approach to the issue of opensource softwareSchool of data
  43. 43. School of data courses
  44. 44. • Data Expeditions are quests to map uncharted territory, discoverhidden stories and solve unsolved mysteries in the land of data.• Recent expedition: Why garment retailers need to do more inBangladeshSchool of data expeditions
  45. 45. • School of Data Handbook – data recipes• Data explorer missions• School of data community and forum (ask school of data)• Links to online resources (Google scraper, Google spreadsheets,scraper wiki)• Web site:• Twitter: @SchoolOfData• Hashtag: #SchoolOfDataSchool of data resources
  46. 46. Getting yourhands dirty
  47. 47. As part of LinkedUp project we are thinking of:•Setting up an Open Education Working group•Writing an Open Education HandbookAny thoughts?Resources:•The Open Knowledge Foundation web site:•The Open Data Handbook: http://opendatahandbook.orgAnd finally…
  48. 48. • Tony Hirst –• Marieke Guy – marieke.guy@okfn.orgMoving to the bright side…