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Introduction to NVivo

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Training given to QAA Scotland, 25th January 2017

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Introduction to NVivo

  1. 1. Introduction to NVivo Louise Annis and Marieke Guy QAA Scotland visit Wednesday, 25th January 2017
  2. 2. Nvivo is a piece of software that supports qualitative and mixed method research. It will help you organise, analyse and find insights in unstructured data. It allows you to ask questions of your data.
  3. 3. • Non-numerical – as oppose to quantitative data • Descriptive information • Word based but may also include images, video, audio files etc. • Difficult to analyse – requires objectivity • At QAA may be in the form of review reports, SWS, SED, consultation responses (internal and external) • Analysis can produce themes, insights and recommendations Qualitative data
  4. 4. Analysing qualitative data Extract themes Identify relationships Highlight differences Create generalisations Identify similarities From Helen Dixon, Education Consultant
  5. 5. Getting started: Nvivo projects
  6. 6. • Click on NVivo icon on desktop, or in programmes list • Get started by opening a new project, or an open project (if in desktop mode will be stored on hard drive - .nvp) • Will automatically select desktop unless set to server • File > manage > Connections > Add • Then tick default box to set as a preference • Can set file locations in same place (Scotland may want to store files on a shared drive) • Desktop most appropriate for now… • Create a project Nvivo desktop (or standalone)
  7. 7. • Located at: http://nvivo/nvivo10/ - Marieke is admin • Licensed for 1 processor, 5 Client Access Licenses (CALs) • CALs can be used by:  Named users - specified user accounts (not groups) that have 1 CAL reserved for their specific use. These user accounts have a guaranteed server connection at all times.  Concurrent users - user accounts that do not have any CALs reserved for their use. These user accounts require 3 CALs each. Concurrent or 'floating' users connect to NVivo Server on a first-come, first-served basis. A concurrent user can only connect if there are available CALs. • Lou and myself are named users, which currently leaves 1 concurrent user – may make more sense to name users? Nvivo server
  8. 8. Nvivo workspaceRibbon Navigation view List view Detail view Find bar Status bar Can customise using the View and Layout tabs
  9. 9. • Home – main workspace and editing features (sources will tend to be in read-only mode) • Create – new nodes, memos, matrices, classifications • External data – bringing in sources • Analyse – coding, links annotations • Query – searches and text queries • Explore – reports • Layout – layout of the workspace • View – shows coding stripes, different views Nvivo Tabs
  10. 10. Nvivo approach Explore Import Code Query Memo Visualise Reflect
  11. 11. • Make sure your sources are named appropriately • Can import .doc, .rtf, .pdf, .xls files & SurveyMonkey • Can import social media (Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn feeds) using Ncapture (for IE & Chrome) • Can carry out some level of autocoding on word documents • Can edit source properties Importing sources
  12. 12. • Gathering all the information about a topic together for further exploration – you code into nodes • Allows you to identifying patterns • Nodes can be topics, people, places, sections of the Quality Code, sections of a report, positive feedback etc. • Different projects require different approaches Coding in NVivo
  13. 13. You will decide on an approach to coding based on methodology, data available, time available and intended outcome. • Nodes can:  be theory-driven vs data-driven or deductive vs inductive (before vs after)  be descriptive, thematic or analytic  be hierarchically arranged – tree, parent, child  be auto coded (when sources are imported), based on queries, manually coded,  consist of entire sources • Make sure your team members code consistently – can run a coding comparison query to check Approaches to coding
  14. 14. • Highlight the relevant area in your source and right click • To create a node in advance Create tab > Node or right click when in node navigation view How to code
  15. 15. • Each node should encompass just one concept • Data can be coded at multiple nodes • Arrange nodes in trees when it is useful • Coding stripes can be helpful • Case nodes are types of nodes (people, places, providers) – they have attributes - more on this tomorrow Notes on nodes
  16. 16. • Very useful function, especially if need to work fast  Text search query - Find and analyse words and phrases  Word frequency query – Most frequently occurring words, tag cloud  Matrix coding query – Using classifications and attributes  Compound query – brings together two queries • Use the query wizard if unsure Running queries
  17. 17. • Use Boolean (“”) and special box • Specify which items (can restrict by folders, nodes etc.) • Specify required result (narrow, broad, custom) • Run – may need to be refined if no results Text searches
  18. 18. Task 1 1. Create a new project 2. Add in sources (e.g. recent ELIR reviews) 3. Discuss a question for your analysis e.g. TNE, e- learning, PGR 4. Code one source (inductive or deductive) – try auto-coding
  19. 19. • Keeping a log of the project • Especially useful when working on Nvivo server with multiple users • Keep notes on:  Project aims: goals, assumptions  Sources: where they are from, what is their remit, how they are organised  Project progress: why you have chosen the nodes, coding carried out, results so far, queries that have been run Memos
  20. 20. • Collections - groupings of links to project items – for convenience  Sets – static set of links  Search folders – dynamic (changes as items added)  Memo links – all memos  Annotations • Also note ‘search’ and ‘advance find’ Organising NVivo
  21. 21. • You can record notes and comments about specific content • Make selection > Analyse tab > New Annotation • The annotations tab may be toggled on and off to view the content of an annotation • To close annotations View tab > Links group > untick annotations • Can also create links between sources and hyperlinks to external sources • Ensure editing is enabled to do this Annotations
  22. 22. • Reports – e.g catalogue of sources • Models – tools for exploring visualisations. Similar to using Mindjet with quick import from project • Categorisations – more on this later • Visualisations  Cluster analysis  Tree maps  Graphs Other useful things…
  23. 23. Graph Cluster analysis Tree map
  24. 24. Glossary Term Definition Source Your data: documents, spreadsheets etc. Code Process of assigning nodes to data. Node Conceptual representation of codes – theme node or case node (subdivisions e.g. people, types of provider). Classification Descriptive information about the sources, nodes and relationships in your project. Attributes Data (often demographic) about your classifications – can be mandatory and pre-set (e.g. review outcome). Models Tool to explore and visualise concepts etc.
  25. 25. Task 2 1. Run a text query – try a text search and a word frequency query 2. Have a look at the different visualisation tools 3. Create a graph of your coding so far 4. Write a memo for your work so far
  26. 26. Resources
  27. 27. • Nvivo help: http://help- nv10.qsrinternational.com/desktop/welcome/welcome.ht m • QSR Website: http://www.qsrinternational.com/ • QSR on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/QSRInternational • QSR LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/groups/145388 • QSR on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/qsrinternational/ • QSR on Twitter: https://twitter.com/QSRInt Useful resources
  28. 28. qaa.ac.uk enquiries@qaa.ac.uk +44 (0) 1452 557000 © The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education 2015 Registered charity numbers 1062746 and SC037786

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