Cell Vocabulary


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Cell Vocabulary

  1. 1. Intro to Cell Vocabulary Fancy Names For Simple Things
  2. 2. Cells <ul><li>Cells are the basic unit of all living things…if it is alive it has cells </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two “Classes” of Cells <ul><li>There are 2 classes of cells. There are only two differences between Plant & Animal cells…try to spot them by the end of the show </li></ul>Plant cells Animal Cells
  4. 4. Cell Differentiation <ul><li>There are only 2 classes of cells (plant/animal), but there are many kinds of cells in each class. Each kind of cell has a DIFFERENT job to do…it specializes. </li></ul>I am a heart cell! I am a skin cell I’m a Prison Cell! 
  5. 5. When you hear the new vocabulary…just think of a Turtle
  6. 6. Cell Membrane <ul><li>The cell membrane holds the cell together and allows nutrients in the cell </li></ul><ul><li>It’s just like a turtle’s skin </li></ul><ul><li>The cell membrane is on the edge of a cell </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Cytoplasm is the watery gel (Jello!) inside a cell….it’s goop! It holds the ORGANelles </li></ul><ul><li>Cytoplasm is like the turtles blood and other liquids </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mitochondria <ul><li>Mitochondria is an ORGANelle that releases energy from food </li></ul><ul><li>Mitochondria is like a turtle’s stomach </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nucleus <ul><li>The nucleus controls the cell </li></ul><ul><li>The nucleus is like the turtle’s brain </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chromosomes <ul><li>Chromosomes are inside the nucleus and are made of genes (DNA) </li></ul><ul><li>Genes decide the cells traits and activities (heart cell, eye cell (color)) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nuclear Membrane <ul><li>The nuclear membrane allows substances to pass in and out of the nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>It surrounds the nucleus (the brain) like the turtle’s skull…protects it </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vacuoles <ul><li>Vacuoles are spaces in the cytoplasm (gel) where food and chemicals are stored </li></ul><ul><li>It’s like “fat” on a turtle </li></ul>I am NOT fat…I’m just a little plump!!
  13. 13. Cell Wall <ul><li>Cell Walls are only in plant cells </li></ul><ul><li>They make the cell strong and rigid </li></ul><ul><li>They are like a turtle’s shell (but only plants have them…that’s why grass stands straight up!) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chloroplasts <ul><li>Chloroplasts are only in plant cells </li></ul><ul><li>They contain chlorophyll, which helps make energy/food from sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorophyll is green in color…so any plant that is green has chloroplasts </li></ul>I’m green…do I have chloroplasts?
  15. 15. What’s the Difference? <ul><li>So what are two things that Plant cells have that animal cells don’t? </li></ul>? Chloroplasts & Cell Walls
  16. 16. What would happen if animals had Chloroplasts?
  17. 17. Now, let’s review… <ul><li>Cell Membrane Cell Wall Chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Chromosomes Nucleus Nuclear Membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Mitochondria Cytoplasm Vacuoles </li></ul><ul><li>Plant/Animal Cell Differentiation Cells </li></ul>
  18. 18. Congratulations <ul><li>You now know all the vocabulary for cells </li></ul>
  19. 19. This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.