Grammar Notebook<br />By: Mariana Tucker<br />
Table of Contents<br />Preterite vs. imperfect<br />Ser vs. estar<br />Verbs like gustar<br />Comperatives/superlatives<br...
Tigger words- Preterite
Car-Gar-Zar
Spock Verbs
Snake and Snake-y verbs
Cucaracha Verbs
Imperfect
Trigger words- imperfect
Irregulars</li></li></ul><li>Table of Contents (cont.)<br />Conditional + irregulars<br />Perfect Tenses<br />Present<br /...
Affirmative/Negative
Irregular (DOP + IOP placement)
Nosotros Commands
Mono Verbs
Subjunctive + irregulars
Impersonal expressions
Expression of emotions
Conjunctions of time
Demonstrative Adjectives + Pronouns</li></li></ul><li>Preterite<br />
Preterite continued…<br />-AR verbs<br />-Er/-ir verbs <br />
Haceque<br />Un dia<br />Unavez<br />Anteayer<br />El pasado<br />ayer<br />Trigger words- Preterite<br />A lasocho<br />*...
-Car, -Gar, -Zar<br />Tocar (yo form)<br />Jugar (yo form)<br />Tocé = WRONG! <br />Jugé= WRONG! <br />Toqué- to get the h...
Spock Verbs<br />*Stem changing verbs in the preterite<br />FuiFuimos<br />Fuiste<br />FueFueron<br />	d/v -i	            ...
“Snake” Verbs<br /><ul><li>O to u
Morir
dormir</li></ul>E to I<br /><ul><li>Competir
Repetir
Servir
Sentir
Pedir
Preferir</li></ul>*Snake verbs will only change in the “usted” and “ustedes” form<br />
“Snake-ey” verbs.<br />The verbs that require a “y” in the “usted” and ustedes” form happen with verbs like leer and oir.<...
Preterite Irregulars aka “Cucharacha Verbs”<br />Andaranduv-<br />Estarestuv-<br />Poderpud-<br />Poner                  p...
The highlighted verbs will end in –eron instead of –ieron because of the j’s that are at the end of the verbs.</li></li></...
Imperfect irregulares<br />Ir<br />-ibaíbamos<br />-ibas<br />-ibaiban<br /><ul><li>Ser</li></ul>-eraéramos<br />-eras<br ...
A veces<br />mientras<br />Los lunes<br />Trigger words- Imperfect<br />Todos los días<br />siempre<br />Cadadía<br />
Ser- “to be”<br />D- escriptions<br />O- rigin<br />C- haracteristics<br />T- ime<br />O- ccupation<br />R- elationships<b...
Estar<br />H- ealth<br />E- motions<br />L- ocation<br />P- resent condition<br />I<br />N<br />G<br />}<br />Ar- ando<br ...
VerboscomoGustar<br />When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, singular form of gustar is always us...
A Adela le encanta la musicá de Shakira.
 A mi me aburre la músicaclásica.</li></li></ul><li>Verboscomogustar cont…<br /><ul><li>Caerbien/mal
disgustar
Hacerfalta
preocupar
soprender
apetecer</li></ul>Abburir<br />Encantar<br />Faltar<br />Fascinar<br />Importar<br />Interesar<br />Molestar<br />Quedar<b...
Comparatives/Superlatives<br />Ejemplos:<br /><ul><li>La casa esgrande
El graneroesmasgrandeque la casa
El castilloes el masgrande de todos
Ejemplos:
Estedinosaurioesferoz.
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Grammar notebook (Semester2)

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Grammar notebook (Semester2)

  1. 1. Grammar Notebook<br />By: Mariana Tucker<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Preterite vs. imperfect<br />Ser vs. estar<br />Verbs like gustar<br />Comperatives/superlatives<br />Transition words<br />Future<br />Trigger words- future<br />Por<br />para<br /><ul><li>Preterite
  3. 3. Tigger words- Preterite
  4. 4. Car-Gar-Zar
  5. 5. Spock Verbs
  6. 6. Snake and Snake-y verbs
  7. 7. Cucaracha Verbs
  8. 8. Imperfect
  9. 9. Trigger words- imperfect
  10. 10. Irregulars</li></li></ul><li>Table of Contents (cont.)<br />Conditional + irregulars<br />Perfect Tenses<br />Present<br />Past<br />Irregulars<br />subjunctive<br />Tanto y tan<br />Impersonal “se”<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Mandatos<br /><ul><li>Informal/Formal
  11. 11. Affirmative/Negative
  12. 12. Irregular (DOP + IOP placement)
  13. 13. Nosotros Commands
  14. 14. Mono Verbs
  15. 15. Subjunctive + irregulars
  16. 16. Impersonal expressions
  17. 17. Expression of emotions
  18. 18. Conjunctions of time
  19. 19. Demonstrative Adjectives + Pronouns</li></li></ul><li>Preterite<br />
  20. 20. Preterite continued…<br />-AR verbs<br />-Er/-ir verbs <br />
  21. 21. Haceque<br />Un dia<br />Unavez<br />Anteayer<br />El pasado<br />ayer<br />Trigger words- Preterite<br />A lasocho<br />*When you see these words in a sentence you will have a hint to use the preterite*<br />A noche<br />
  22. 22. -Car, -Gar, -Zar<br />Tocar (yo form)<br />Jugar (yo form)<br />Tocé = WRONG! <br />Jugé= WRONG! <br />Toqué- to get the hard “c’ sound<br />Jugué- to get the hard “g” sound<br />
  23. 23. Spock Verbs<br />*Stem changing verbs in the preterite<br />FuiFuimos<br />Fuiste<br />FueFueron<br /> d/v -i d/v -imos<br /> d/v -iste<br /> d/v -io d/v –ieron<br />hicehicimos<br />hiciste<br />hizohicieron<br />Ir/Ser:<br />Dar/Ver:<br />Hacer:<br />
  24. 24. “Snake” Verbs<br /><ul><li>O to u
  25. 25. Morir
  26. 26. dormir</li></ul>E to I<br /><ul><li>Competir
  27. 27. Repetir
  28. 28. Servir
  29. 29. Sentir
  30. 30. Pedir
  31. 31. Preferir</li></ul>*Snake verbs will only change in the “usted” and “ustedes” form<br />
  32. 32. “Snake-ey” verbs.<br />The verbs that require a “y” in the “usted” and ustedes” form happen with verbs like leer and oir.<br />Oir<br />
  33. 33. Preterite Irregulars aka “Cucharacha Verbs”<br />Andaranduv-<br />Estarestuv-<br />Poderpud-<br />Poner pus-<br />Quererquis-<br />Saber sup-<br />Tenertuv-<br />Venirvin-<br />decirdij-<br />traertraj-<br />conducirconduj-<br />producirproduj-<br />Traducirtraduj- <br /><ul><li>The root of these verbs change but the normal preterite endings will stay the same.
  34. 34. The highlighted verbs will end in –eron instead of –ieron because of the j’s that are at the end of the verbs.</li></li></ul><li>Imperfecto<br />
  35. 35. Imperfect irregulares<br />Ir<br />-ibaíbamos<br />-ibas<br />-ibaiban<br /><ul><li>Ser</li></ul>-eraéramos<br />-eras<br />-era eran<br /><ul><li>Ver</li></ul>-veíaveíamos<br />-veías<br />- veíaveían<br />
  36. 36. A veces<br />mientras<br />Los lunes<br />Trigger words- Imperfect<br />Todos los días<br />siempre<br />Cadadía<br />
  37. 37. Ser- “to be”<br />D- escriptions<br />O- rigin<br />C- haracteristics<br />T- ime<br />O- ccupation<br />R- elationships<br />P- ossesion<br />E- vents <br />D- ates<br />
  38. 38. Estar<br />H- ealth<br />E- motions<br />L- ocation<br />P- resent condition<br />I<br />N<br />G<br />}<br />Ar- ando<br />Er/ir- endo<br /> -yendo<br />
  39. 39. VerboscomoGustar<br />When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, singular form of gustar is always used<br />Often used in conditional (me gustaría) to soften a request.<br /><ul><li>Ejemplos:
  40. 40. A Adela le encanta la musicá de Shakira.
  41. 41. A mi me aburre la músicaclásica.</li></li></ul><li>Verboscomogustar cont…<br /><ul><li>Caerbien/mal
  42. 42. disgustar
  43. 43. Hacerfalta
  44. 44. preocupar
  45. 45. soprender
  46. 46. apetecer</li></ul>Abburir<br />Encantar<br />Faltar<br />Fascinar<br />Importar<br />Interesar<br />Molestar<br />Quedar<br />Doler<br />
  47. 47. Comparatives/Superlatives<br />Ejemplos:<br /><ul><li>La casa esgrande
  48. 48. El graneroesmasgrandeque la casa
  49. 49. El castilloes el masgrande de todos
  50. 50. Ejemplos:
  51. 51. Estedinosaurioesferoz.
  52. 52. Estedinosaurioesmenosferozque el otro
  53. 53. Estedinosaurioes el menosferozdinosaurio en el mundo.</li></li></ul><li>Comparatives/ superlatives cont…<br />Irregulares<br />Buenomejor<br />Malopeor<br />Viejor mayor<br />Jovenmenor<br />* To say “more than” or “less than” with numbers….use “mas de” or “menos de” + number<br />
  54. 54. Connector words<br />Aunque- even though<br />Por lo tanto- therefore<br />Mientras- while<br />Pero- but<br />Tambien- also<br />A pesar de- in spite of<br />Sin embargo/ no obstante- nevertheless<br />
  55. 55. El Futuro<br />Irregulares<br />QuererQuerr<br />Saber Sabr<br />Caber Cabr<br />Haber Habr<br />Decir Dir<br />Hacerhar<br />PonerPondr<br />SalirSaldr<br />TenerTendr<br />ValerValdr<br />VenirVendr<br />PoderPodr<br />
  56. 56. Trigger words- Futuro<br />Mañana<br />El proximodía<br />En dos días<br />
  57. 57. When to use POR….<br />Passing through…PORtal<br />General rather than specific location….PORtugal<br />How long something lasts….PORever<br />The cause of something…PORpuse<br />An exchange…imPORt/esPORt<br />Doing something in place of or instead of someone else….I’m POR, pay for me<br />A means of transportation….transPORtation<br />
  58. 58. When to use PARA…<br />For whom something is done…surprise PARAty<br />Destination….PARAguay<br />The purpose for which something is done…PARAchute<br />To express an opinion…PARAdon me<br />To contrast or compare…comPARA<br />Tp express idea of deadline…PARAmedic<br />
  59. 59. Conditional Tense<br />ía<br />íamos<br />íais<br />ías<br />ía<br />ían<br />
  60. 60. Conditional Irregulars<br />Decir Dir__<br />Haber Habr__<br />PoderPodr__<br />PonerPondr__<br />Saber Sabr__<br />TenerTendr__<br /><ul><li>ValerValdr__
  61. 61. VenirVendr__
  62. 62. Caber Cabr__
  63. 63. QuererQuerr__
  64. 64. SalirSaldr___</li></li></ul><li>Present Perfect<br />A compound tense that is formed with the present and the verb “haber” and the past participle of the other verb<br />-- Ar ado<br />-- Erido<br />--Irido<br />
  65. 65. Past Perfect<br />The past perfect is compound tense where two verbs have to be present<br />Main verb<br />Auxiliary verb (“had”)<br />Use the verb “had” with a past participle<br />Haber<br />Había<br />Habíamos<br />Habías<br />Había<br />Habían<br />
  66. 66. Irregulars<br />Resolver…..resuelto<br />Romper…..roto<br />Ver……visto<br />Volver….vuelto<br />Ir ….ido<br />Poner…..puesto<br />Abrir…..abierto<br />Cubrir….cubierto<br />Decir….dicho<br />Escribir…..escrito<br />Hacer…..hecho<br />Morir……muerto<br />
  67. 67. Subjuntivo Perfecto<br />
  68. 68. Tanto y Tan<br />
  69. 69. Impersonal “se”<br />You will use the impersonal “se” when the person doing the action of the verb is not specified. <br />The impersonal “se” can be used in all tenses<br />* The verb is always in 3rd person when using “se”<br />
  70. 70. Saber<br />sé<br />sabemos<br />sabes<br />saben<br />sabe<br />
  71. 71. Conocer<br />Conocemos<br />Conozco<br />Conoces<br />Conoce<br />Conocen<br />
  72. 72. Los Mandatos<br />
  73. 73. Affirmative Usted/es<br />
  74. 74. Usted/es Irregulars<br />Tener---> tenga<br />Venir---> venga<br />Dar/Decir--->dé or diga<br />Ir---> vaya<br />Ser--->sea<br />Hacer---> haga<br />Estoy---> esté<br />Saber---> sepá<br />
  75. 75. Affirmative Tú<br />Irregulars<br /><ul><li>Decir- di
  76. 76. Hacer- haz
  77. 77. Ir- ve
  78. 78. Poner- pon
  79. 79. Salir- sal
  80. 80. Tener- ten
  81. 81. Venir- ven</li></li></ul><li>Negative Tú<br />Irregulars <br />Tener- tengas<br />Venir- vengas<br />Decir-digas<br />Ir-vayas<br />Ser-sayas<br />Hacer- hagas<br />Estoy- estes<br />Saber- sepas<br />
  82. 82. IOP/DOP placement<br />
  83. 83. IOP/DOP placement<br />
  84. 84. Nosotros Commands<br />“Mono” verbs<br />
  85. 85. Subjunctive tense<br />
  86. 86. Irregulars<br />
  87. 87. Impersonal Expressions<br />
  88. 88. Expressions of Emotions<br />Subjunctive<br />
  89. 89. Examples: <br />Expressions of Emotions<br />
  90. 90. Conjunctions of Time<br />
  91. 91. Conjunctions of time<br />
  92. 92. Demonstrative Adjectives/ Pronouns<br />this” “that “these” “those”<br />Ejemplos:<br />Adjectives:<br />Este libroesfacil.<br />This book is easy.<br />Yoquieroestataza.<br />I want that cup<br />Pronouns<br />Yoquieroeste.<br />I want that.<br />¿Queesese?<br />What is that?<br />

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