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Grammar notebook


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Grammar notebook

  1. 1. Grammar Notebook<br />By: Mariana Tucker<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Preterite vs. imperfect<br />Ser vs. estar<br />Verbs like gustar<br />Comperatives/superlatives<br />Transition words<br />Future<br />Trigger words- future<br />Por<br />para<br /><ul><li>Preterite
  3. 3. Tigger words- Preterite
  4. 4. Car-Gar-Zar
  5. 5. Spock Verbs
  6. 6. Snake and Snake-y verbs
  7. 7. Cucaracha Verbs
  8. 8. Imperfect
  9. 9. Trigger words- imperfect
  10. 10. Irregulars</li></li></ul><li>Preterite<br />
  11. 11. Preterite continued…<br />-AR verbs<br />-Er/-ir verbs <br />
  12. 12. Haceque<br />Un dia<br />Unavez<br />Anteayer<br />El pasado<br />ayer<br />Trigger words- Preterite<br />A lasocho<br />*When you see these words in a sentence you will have a hint to use the preterite*<br />A noche<br />
  13. 13. -Car, -Gar, -Zar<br />Tocar (yo form)<br />Jugar (yo form)<br />Tocé = WRONG! <br />Jugé= WRONG! <br />Toqué- to get the hard “c’ sound<br />Jugué- to get the hard “g” sound<br />
  14. 14. Spock Verbs<br />*Stem changing verbs in the preterite<br />FuiFuimos<br />Fuiste<br />FueFueron<br /> d/v -i d/v -imos<br /> d/v -iste<br /> d/v -io d/v –ieron<br />hicehicimos<br />hiciste<br />hizohicieron<br />Ir/Ser:<br />Dar/Ver:<br />Hacer:<br />
  15. 15. “Snake” Verbs<br /><ul><li>O to u
  16. 16. Morir
  17. 17. dormir</li></ul>E to I<br /><ul><li>Competir
  18. 18. Repetir
  19. 19. Servir
  20. 20. Sentir
  21. 21. Pedir
  22. 22. Preferir</li></ul>*Snake verbs will only change in the “usted” and “ustedes” form<br />
  23. 23. “Snake-ey” verbs.<br />The verbs that require a “y” in the “usted” and ustedes” form happen with verbs like leer and oir.<br />Oir<br />
  24. 24. Preterite Irregulars aka “Cucharacha Verbs”<br />Andaranduv-<br />Estarestuv-<br />Poderpud-<br />Poner pus-<br />Quererquis-<br />Saber sup-<br />Tenertuv-<br />Venirvin-<br />decirdij-<br />traertraj-<br />conducirconduj-<br />producirproduj-<br />Traducirtraduj- <br /><ul><li>The root of these verbs change but the normal preterite endings will stay the same.
  25. 25. The highlighted verbs will end in –eron instead of –ieron because of the j’s that are at the end of the verbs.</li></li></ul><li>Imperfecto<br />
  26. 26. Imperfect irregulares<br />Ir<br />-ibaíbamos<br />-ibas<br />-ibaiban<br /><ul><li>Ser</li></ul>-eraéramos<br />-eras<br />-era eran<br /><ul><li>Ver</li></ul>-veíaveíamos<br />-veías<br />- veíaveían<br />
  27. 27. A veces<br />mientras<br />Los lunes<br />Trigger words- Imperfect<br />Todos los días<br />siempre<br />Cadadía<br />
  28. 28. Ser- “to be”<br />D- escriptions<br />O- rigin<br />C- haracteristics<br />T- ime<br />O- ccupation<br />R- elationships<br />P- ossesion<br />E- vents <br />D- ates<br />
  29. 29. Estar<br />H- ealth<br />E- motions<br />L- ocation<br />P- resent condition<br />I<br />N<br />G<br />}<br />Ar- ando<br />Er/ir- endo<br /> -yendo<br />
  30. 30. VerboscomoGustar<br />When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the infinitive, singular form of gustar is always used<br />Often used in conditional (me gustaría) to soften a request.<br /><ul><li>Ejemplos:
  31. 31. A Adela le encanta la musicá de Shakira.
  32. 32. A mi me aburre la músicaclásica.</li></li></ul><li>Verboscomogustar cont…<br /><ul><li>Caerbien/mal
  33. 33. disgustar
  34. 34. Hacerfalta
  35. 35. preocupar
  36. 36. soprender
  37. 37. apetecer</li></ul>Abburir<br />Encantar<br />Faltar<br />Fascinar<br />Importar<br />Interesar<br />Molestar<br />Quedar<br />Doler<br />
  38. 38. Comparatives/Superlatives<br />Ejemplos:<br /><ul><li>La casa esgrande
  39. 39. El graneroesmasgrandeque la casa
  40. 40. El castilloes el masgrande de todos
  41. 41. Ejemplos:
  42. 42. Estedinosaurioesferoz.
  43. 43. Estedinosaurioesmenosferozque el otro
  44. 44. Estedinosaurioes el menosferozdinosaurio en el mundo.</li></li></ul><li>Comparatives/ superlatives cont…<br />Irregulares<br />Buenomejor<br />Malopeor<br />Viejor mayor<br />Jovenmenor<br />* To say “more than” or “less than” with numbers….use “mas de” or “menos de” + number<br />
  45. 45. Connector words<br />Aunque- even though<br />Por lo tanto- therefore<br />Mientras- while<br />Pero- but<br />Tambien- also<br />A pesar de- in spite of<br />Sin embargo/ no obstante- nevertheless<br />
  46. 46. El Futuro<br />Irregulares<br />QuererQuerr<br />Saber Sabr<br />Caber Cabr<br />Haber Habr<br />Decir Dir<br />Hacerhar<br />PonerPondr<br />SalirSaldr<br />TenerTendr<br />ValerValdr<br />VenirVendr<br />PoderPodr<br />
  47. 47. Trigger words- Futuro<br />Mañana<br />El proximodía<br />En dos días<br />
  48. 48. When to use POR….<br />Passing through…PORtal<br />General rather than specific location….PORtugal<br />How long something lasts….PORever<br />The cause of something…PORpuse<br />An exchange…imPORt/esPORt<br />Doing something in place of or instead of someone else….I’m POR, pay for me<br />A means of transportation….transPORtation<br />
  49. 49. When to use PARA…<br />For whom something is done…surprise PARAty<br />Destination….PARAguay<br />The purpose for which something is done…PARAchute<br />To express an opinion…PARAdon me<br />To contrast or compare…comPARA<br />Tp express idea of deadline…PARAmedic<br />