A GOLDEN AGE ?
 Buccaneers
 Pirates
 Privateers
 French Corsairs
 Dutch Sea Beggars
 English Sea Dogs
 Action in the Caribbean spa...
 Profiteering
 Political
 Religious
 Spanish: Cartagena, Havana, Santiago de Cuba, San
Juan, Maracaibo, Santo Domingo,Trinidad; Porto
Bello in Panama andVera...
 Changes in Demographics
 Spanish Ports
 Protestant Ports
 European Struggles
 European dynastic intrigue and warfare
 Colonial governors turned to buccaneers
 Port Royal, Jamaica: English pirate h...
 Jean Fleury
 Francois Le Clerk: ‘Jambe de Bois’
 EdwardThatch,Teach, or Drummond:
‘Blackbeard’
 Henry Morgan
 Stede ...
 French privateer
 Spain’s nemesis
 Captured most of
Moctezuma’s treasure,
1522
 Captured many
Spanish vessels
 He wa...
 French
 Formidable privateer
 Nicknamed ‘Jambe de
Bois’
 Ransacked Porto Santo,
1552
 Pillaged and burned
down Santo...
 English, born c. 1680
 Operated off the coast
of N.A: 1714-18
 Frigate ‘Queen Anne’s
Revenge’
 Placed slow-burning
fu...
 Welsh
 Pirate and Privateer
 Attacked and captured
the City of Panama
 English hero
 Titled nobleman
 Enormous suga...
 Barbadian, English
family
 ‘The Gentleman Pirate’
 Sugar planter turned
pirate in 1717
 Sailed with Blackbeard
as gue...
 English
 Operated out of
Nassau
 Rebelled against
governor Rogers
 His quartermaster was
Calico Jack Rackham
 Calico...
 English
 Invented the skull and
crossed swordsflag
 Anne Bonny’s
lover/husband/crew
member
 Mary Read: 2nd crew
membe...
 Irish
 Pirate but never captain
 Sailed under command
of Calico Jack
 Ruthless and fierce
 Sensational trial in
Jama...
 English
 Brutal pirate
 In 3 years, captured
over 100 ships
 Tortured many people
 His crew mutinied in
1724
 He wa...
 Scottish (c.1645-1701)
 Privateer and pirate?
 Prominent citizen in NY
 BecameCaptain after
mutiny
 Ship named ‘Bles...
 Welsh
 Most successful
 Sank or captured about
459 ships
 Plagued the Caribbean
until 1722
 Ships: ‘Fortune’
 Retur...
 1. Equal vote and equal shares
 2. Cheating: nose and ears split and
marooned
 3. No gaming for money
 4. Candles to ...
 8. No quarreling on board: rules for dueling
 9. No talking about quitting: payment for
injuries
 10. Prizes: captain ...
 Adventurous
 Cross-section of society
 Uneducated
 Escaping dictatorial ships
 Democratic; vote
 Wealth equally div...
 Hunger/thirst/cold
 Diet of kidney beans with maggots
 Lack of vitamins
 Loss of teeth, spots
 Scurvy
 Surrounded b...
 English Royal Navy and Spanish Guardacosta
 Nassau: last pirates’ haven in Caribben
 Lafitte brothers operated fromTex...
 Were they romantic?
 Were they honorable?
 Were they successful?
 Were they admirable?
 Were they glamorous?
 billmar@cfl.rr.com
The real pirates of the Caribbean; A Golden Age
The real pirates of the Caribbean; A Golden Age
The real pirates of the Caribbean; A Golden Age
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The real pirates of the Caribbean; A Golden Age

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Who were they? What was their impact from the 1600s to the 1720s in this region? Were they romantic, honorable, successful, admirable, glamorous? You will decide.

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The real pirates of the Caribbean; A Golden Age

  1. 1. A GOLDEN AGE ?
  2. 2.  Buccaneers  Pirates  Privateers  French Corsairs  Dutch Sea Beggars  English Sea Dogs  Action in the Caribbean spanned from 1500s to 1830s but  GoldenAge was from 1650 to 1730
  3. 3.  Profiteering  Political  Religious
  4. 4.  Spanish: Cartagena, Havana, Santiago de Cuba, San Juan, Maracaibo, Santo Domingo,Trinidad; Porto Bello in Panama andVeracruz in New Spain  English: Barbados, St Kitts, Nevis; later Jamaica, Bermuda, Antigua, Montserrat and Eleuthera  French: Bahamas,Tortuga, Petit-Goave in Hispaniola (Haiti today); Guadeloupe and Martinique  Dutch:Trinidad, Curacao
  5. 5.  Changes in Demographics  Spanish Ports  Protestant Ports  European Struggles
  6. 6.  European dynastic intrigue and warfare  Colonial governors turned to buccaneers  Port Royal, Jamaica: English pirate haven  Guadeloupe and Martinique (LesserAntilles); Tortuga andWestern Hispaniola: French pirate haven  Trinidad: Dutch Pirate haven  Nassau, New Providence: all pirates haven
  7. 7.  Jean Fleury  Francois Le Clerk: ‘Jambe de Bois’  EdwardThatch,Teach, or Drummond: ‘Blackbeard’  Henry Morgan  Stede Bonnet: ‘The Gentleman Pirate’  CharlesVane  ‘Calico Jack’ Rackham  Anne Bonny and Mary Read  Edward (Ned) Low  William ‘Captain’ Kidd  Bartholomew Roberts
  8. 8.  French privateer  Spain’s nemesis  Captured most of Moctezuma’s treasure, 1522  Captured many Spanish vessels  He was captured and executed in 1527
  9. 9.  French  Formidable privateer  Nicknamed ‘Jambe de Bois’  Ransacked Porto Santo, 1552  Pillaged and burned down Santo Domingo, 1553  Plundered Santiago de Cuba and Panama, 1554  Settled in SaintTomas  Killed in 1563
  10. 10.  English, born c. 1680  Operated off the coast of N.A: 1714-18  Frigate ‘Queen Anne’s Revenge’  Placed slow-burning fuses under hat and on beard: ‘fiendish apparition from Hell’  Killed by British officer and crew:5 bullets and 20 slashes
  11. 11.  Welsh  Pirate and Privateer  Attacked and captured the City of Panama  English hero  Titled nobleman  Enormous sugar plantation in Jamaica  Died in his bed, rich and respected
  12. 12.  Barbadian, English family  ‘The Gentleman Pirate’  Sugar planter turned pirate in 1717  Sailed with Blackbeard as guest or prisoner  Captured and hanged
  13. 13.  English  Operated out of Nassau  Rebelled against governor Rogers  His quartermaster was Calico Jack Rackham  Calico Jack deposed him  Captured and hanged in Jamaica, 1720
  14. 14.  English  Invented the skull and crossed swordsflag  Anne Bonny’s lover/husband/crew member  Mary Read: 2nd crew member  Operated in Bahamas  Captured and hanged in 1720
  15. 15.  Irish  Pirate but never captain  Sailed under command of Calico Jack  Ruthless and fierce  Sensational trial in Jamaica, 1720  Escaped execution for being pregnant  Gave birth and disappeared
  16. 16.  English  Brutal pirate  In 3 years, captured over 100 ships  Tortured many people  His crew mutinied in 1724  He was rescued by a French vessel  Was hanged on Martinique
  17. 17.  Scottish (c.1645-1701)  Privateer and pirate?  Prominent citizen in NY  BecameCaptain after mutiny  Ship named ‘Blessed William’  Killed one crewman  Buried treasure?  Hanged 1701 after sensational trial
  18. 18.  Welsh  Most successful  Sank or captured about 459 ships  Plagued the Caribbean until 1722  Ships: ‘Fortune’  Returned to Africa and died in naval battle, 1722
  19. 19.  1. Equal vote and equal shares  2. Cheating: nose and ears split and marooned  3. No gaming for money  4. Candles to be put out at eight  5. All weapons to be kept clean and ready  6. No boys or women on board: penalty of death  7. Deserting ship in battle: death or marooning
  20. 20.  8. No quarreling on board: rules for dueling  9. No talking about quitting: payment for injuries  10. Prizes: captain and quartermaster 2 shares; master gunner and boatswain 1 ½ shares; other officers 1 ¼ shares; rest ‘gentlemen of fortune’: 1 share  11. Musicians to rest on the Sabbath Day
  21. 21.  Adventurous  Cross-section of society  Uneducated  Escaping dictatorial ships  Democratic; vote  Wealth equally divided: proportionally more for captain and officers  Punishment: flogging, hanging; dragged by ropes  Drink and fight  No women aboard  Took mostly clothes, weapons and supplies  No burying of treasures
  22. 22.  Hunger/thirst/cold  Diet of kidney beans with maggots  Lack of vitamins  Loss of teeth, spots  Scurvy  Surrounded by dead bodies  Solace in rum  Society operated outside normal laws
  23. 23.  English Royal Navy and Spanish Guardacosta  Nassau: last pirates’ haven in Caribben  Lafitte brothers operated fromTexas and Louisiana in 1810s  Privateers profited during LatinAmerican Wars of Independence  Steam propulsion ships and strength of US Navy eliminated all piracy by the 1830s
  24. 24.  Were they romantic?  Were they honorable?  Were they successful?  Were they admirable?  Were they glamorous?
  25. 25.  billmar@cfl.rr.com

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