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el pensador politico frances; Voltaire (1694-1778): Un simbolo vivo del enciclopedismo

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Este trabajo habla sobre François Marie Arouet (París, 21 de noviembre de 1694 – ibídem, 30 de mayo de 1778), más conocido como Voltaire, fue un escritor, historiador, filósofo y abogado francés que figura como uno de los principales representantes de la Ilustración, un período que enfatizó el poder de la razón humana, de la ciencia y el respeto hacia la humanidad.

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el pensador politico frances; Voltaire (1694-1778): Un simbolo vivo del enciclopedismo

  1. 1. Voltaire Nombre de nacimiento François-Marie Arouet Nacimiento 21 de noviembre de 1694 París, Francia Fallecimiento 30 de mayo de 1778, 83 años Paris, Francia Nacionalidad Francesa Alma máter Liceo Louis-le-Grand Ocupación Ensayista, escritor, filósofo Años activo Siglo XVIII Seudónimo Voltaire Lengua de producción literaria Francés Lengua materna Francés Movimientos Siglo de las Luces Premios •Order of Merit for Arts and Science •Miembro de la Royal Society
  2. 2.  Sus ideas  Voltaire y la esclavitud Voltaire cree posible humanizar la esclavitud. La falta de humanidad de los patrones es la que causa los males de la esclavitud. No critica el principio, sólo la forma, lo que se ve reflejado en Cándido. Sin embargo, se entusiasma en la liberación de sus esclavos por los cuáqueros de Pensilvania en 1769. Se interesa aún más por «los esclavos de los monjes» de Pays de Gex, que son «más infelices que los negros»
  3. 3.   Voltaire y el fanatismo Véase también: El Fanatismo o Mahoma Toda la obra de Voltaire es un combate contra el fanatismo y la intolerancia y eso desde La Henriada, en 1723. «Entendemos hoy en día por fanatismo una locura religiosa, oscura y cruel. Es una enfermedad que se adquiere como la viruela»  Voltaire y la historiografía Voltaire fue también historiador. Acuñó la expresión 'filosofía de la historia, contraponiéndola de forma polémica a la teología de la historia, habitual hasta entonces, que explicaba los acontecimientos históricos recurriendo a una supuesta intervención divina en los hechos. Se interesó por el estudio del pasado, primero mediante sus tragedias, algunas de las cuales abordan temas históricos y presentan personajes que existieron realmente.
  4. 4.   Voltaire alcanzó la celebridad gracias a sus escritos literarios y sobre todo filosóficos. Voltaire no ve oposición entre una sociedad alienante y un individuo oprimido, idea defendida por Jean-Jacques Rousseau, sino que cree en un sentimiento universal e innato de la justicia, que tiene que reflejarse en las leyes de todas las sociedades.  Sin embargo, no cree en la intervención divina en los asuntos humanos y denuncia el providencialismo en su cuento filosófico Cándido o el optimismo (1759). Fue un ferviente opositor de la Iglesia católica, símbolo según él de la intolerancia y de la injusticia. Se empeña en luchar contra los errores judiciales y en ayudar a sus víctimas. Voltaire se convierte en el modelo para la burguesía liberal y anticlerical y en la pesadilla de los religiosos. Sus obras
  5. 5.  *los pro y los contra *la henriade * Historia de Carlos XII * CANDIDO O EL OPTIMISMO *MEROPE *MOHANED *TRATADO SOBRE LA TOLERANCIA * DICCIONARIO FILOSOFICO
  6. 6.
  7. 7.  ● A los vivos se les debe respeto, a los muertos, nada más que verdad. ● Azar es una palabra vacía de sentido; nada puede existir sin causa. ● Cambiad de placeres, pero no cambiéis de amigos. Sus frases 2
  8. 8.

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