OLED Technology REPORT: OLEDS and E-PAPER: Their disruptive potential for the European display industryAdvanced Topics in the Economics of Innovation Bruno Van Pottelsberghe María Catalán Herreros ECON4P
Index• Introduction• Critical Analysis• EU Paradox• Intellectual Property and appropiation strategy• Conclusion• Sources• Appendices
Introduction INDUSTRY Electronic visual displays How can we define an electronic visual display? It is a piece of electrical Common equipment which performs as applications for output device for presentation of electronic visualimages transmitted electronically, displays are television sets or for visual reception, without computer monitors. producing a permanent record. Source: www.wikipedia.org
Introduction This industry is characterized by... • Rapidly growing industry - € 100 billion global market Production - growing at about 10% per year Value • Asian suppliers dominate • Market dominated by LCD Technology
Introduction OLED: New Technology OLEDs (Organic light-emitting diode) Whats OLED? Polymers that emit light when a current is passed through them in one direction. In multi-pixel colour form, OLEDs can be used for displays for ICT,consumer goods and industrial applications. In the single-pixel form, OLEDs can be used as a new kind of lighting.
Introduction REMARK !!! Strictly speaking, it is incorrect to describe OLEDs as a “new technology” OLEDs are really a family of technologies. For example: - SM-OLED (small-molecule OLED) - PLED (polymer light emitting diodes) - TOLED (Transparent OLED) - SOLED (Stacked OLED) - PMOLED (Passive-matrix OLED) - AMOLED (Active-matrix OLED)
Introduction OLED Development •1989: OLED was discovered in a useful form, KODAK •1991: University research, Cambridge (CDT) •1994: Launch of industrial R&D •1998: First OLED product on the marketplace •Today New OLED industry OLED market forecast to reach $6B by 2012 SOURCE: Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Singapore, 2007
Introduction OLED technologies are used in different products, like: •Television •Digital photo frames •Laptops •Bluetooth headsets •Mobile phones •HDTV OLEDs •A/V players (MP3, •Digital cameras PMP) •OLED for cars •Keyboards •E-paper
Critical Analysis•Which is the current dominator technology for display market?•How can we define OLED technologies?•The disruptive Potential of OLEDs: Why OLEDs might bedisruptive? - Report•Description of OLEDs markets•How can we describe the OLED value chain?•What do we know about the competitive position of the EUs ICTsector?•What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?•How is Europe positiones to take advantage?
Critical AnalysisThe disruptive Potential of OLEDs: Why OLEDs might be disruptive? According to the REPORT: “OLEDS and E-PAPER: Their disruptive potential for the European display industry” OLED is clearly a disruptive technology. Not as disruptive as the first flat panel technology (LCD) was at its time but with the best combination of: -Performance -Manufacturing costs -Power efficiency Appendix 1: OLED’s Advantages
Critical AnalysisThe disruptive Potential of OLEDs: Why OLEDs might be disruptive? 2010 For this reason, It is important to analize the following two questions:
Critical Analysis What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector? How is Europe positioned to take advantage? In order to answer these questions, I will look for information about: •OLED industry Data •Major players of the OLED industry •European major players of the OLED industry •European position on the market: Avantages et disavantages, sectors leader...
EU Paradox• OLED Industry Data - OLED Displays - OLED Lighting• Who are the major players?• Where is the industry located? European Union Position Answer the questions
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? OLED Industry DataOLED is used in... -Mono Color -1)OLED Display -Area Color -Full Color Technologies like: PMOLED AMOLED -OLED Panel - 2)OLED Lighting -OLED Lamp
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? 1) OLED Displays PMOLED AMOLED Source: DisplaySearch, “Quaterly OLED Shipment and Forecast Report”•It started shipping in 1999 • It started shipping at the end of 2002 and has seen a lot of growth since 2005
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? 1) OLED Displays Revenue OLED Display market forecast Same data, Revenue different view... Source: iSuppli Overall growth of OLED market is highly dependent on the succes of AMOLED Source: iSuppli
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? 1) OLED Displays OLED Display Shipment Share There are not european companies !!!
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? 1) OLED Displays AMOLED Fab Activity There are not Europe future investment !!!
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? 2) OLED Lighting OLED Lighting Market Forecast Source: OLED Lighting in 2009 and Beyond: The Bright Future• The OLED lighting market will start to pick up around 2011. (=AMOLED)• Some PMOLED display fabs will be converted to manufacture OLED lighting
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned to take advantage? 2) OLED Lighting Major Lighting Companies European Companies Source: OLED Lighting in 2009 and Beyond: The Bright Future Over 100 companies and universities are currently working on OLED lightingEurope is the leading participant in OLED lighting in terms of projects numbers, government funding, and participating companies.
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned to take advantage? Who are the major players?Appendix 2 Sony Corporation Samsumg Sdi Co.Ltd TOP 5 Royal Philips Electronics Eastman Kodak + Company LG Electronics (In December 2009, LG bought Kodak’s OLED unit) Visionox
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned to take advantage? Where is the industry located? • Samsumg Sdi Co.Ltd : South Korea • LG Electronics: South Korea / Kodak: USA By the end of 2006,OLED • Sony Corporation: Japan production capacity has mainly • Royal Philips Electronics: Netherlands concentrated in South Korea, Japan and China’s Taiwan province • Visionox: China Global OLED manufacturing End-User Market market 22% 6% 13% 4% 90% 65% Asia Pacific Europe North and Latin America Asia Pacific Europe North and Latin America Source: www.nanomarkets.net, 2006Appendix 3
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? European Union position OLED Industry Data OLED Lighting leader Major players? Philips and OSRAM + Strong Point CAMBRIDGE R&D- DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? OLED lighting leader The big three companies of the world are Philips (EU), Osram (EU) and General Electric (USA)The european OLED lamps market... -is dominated by small number of players -Is characterized as concentrated and increasingly challenging -Strong opportunities in coming years -Is expected to grow 18,7% during the forecast period 2009-2015
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? Philips and OSRAM Philips OSRAM (Netherlands) (Munich, Germany) Philips started researching OSRAM is part of the industry OLEDs back in 1991, as part of Sector of Siemens. Sales for its development of OLED display OSRAM worldwide totalled to screens. The company began €4.0 billion in fiscal year 2009, specifically focusing on OLED 88% of which came from outside lighting applications in 2004. Germany. Over 66% of sales Today, Philips Lighting is a come from lighting products leader in the industrialization and commercialization of OLED lighting technology, with its Lumiblade family of products. Currently the Business Center OLED Lighting, located in Aachen(Germany), employees over 80 people.
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? R&D CDT – Cambridge Display Technology “Cambridge Display Technology (CDT) is the leading developer of technologies based on polymer light emitting diodes (P-OLEDs). Is the major owner of P-OLED technological patent” 1989 2008 Initial discovery of organic Device Development Centre is electroluminescence from polymers. A founded in Ehime, Japan research group at the Cavendish Laboratory of Cambridge University (Prof. Donal Bradley, Prof. Richard 2010Friend, Dr. Jeremy Burroughes) discovers CDT has over 560 that light could be produced from patents granted worldwide inconjugated polymers. Patents are filed and 280 families. a paper is published in Nature
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? Answers What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector? -OLED is a disruptive technology -According to some research papers and data, “The OLED lighting market is projected to surpass PMOLED display sales in late 2014 or early 2015” -OLED Lighting leader To keep the lighting leader Opportunities: position by improving the R&D
EU Paradox: What are the opportunities for the EU ICT Sector?How is Europe positioned totake advantage? Answers How is Europe positioned to take advantage? -High OLED R&D -Two leader lighting manufacturers -Problem: “OLED market is dependent on the succes of AMOLED”. No AMOLED Europe industry.
Intellectual Property and Appropiation Strategy • Intellectual Property - OLED Lighting industry - Cambridge Display Technolgy • Appropiation Strategy - EU Research Program - EU Policies
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Intellectual Property “Intellectual Property (IP) has played a crucial role in the Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) display industry” According to the lastest report from iSuppli/Stanford Resources: OLED intellectual Property Special Study Why ? • Patent data yield information on successful R&D outputs. • Industry patents are highly correlated with R&D spending and are indicative of R&D success. • It represents an important component of the value of firms’ R&D outputs
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Intellectual Property In general... Registered Patents (2010) 100% 80% Japan 39,060% 60% United States 31,808% 40% Europe 16,183% 20% China 6,696% 0% Registered Patents (2010) Taiwan 4,185% Korea 2,065% Japan United States Europe China Taiw an Korea iSuppli/Stanford Resources: OLED intellectual Property Special Study There are a total of 6438 OLED patents on the world
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution -OLED applications Search Criterion: - OLED Lighting -OLED-type displays and lasers -OLED for general illumination - Originated from firms, government programs and universitiy research labs - Headquarters nationality of patenting firms / national R&D locations where invention was carried out
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution Number of OLED Lighting Patents in 1990-1993 and 2000-2003 Source: “Lighting industry: structure and technology in the transition to solid state”, National Academies, 2008
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution Invention locations of OLED Lighting patents 1990-1993 2000-2003 Source: “Lighting industry: structure and technology in the transition to solid state”, National Academies, 2008
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution Location of Inventor vs. Firm Headquarters 1990-1993 2000-2003 Source: “Lighting industry: structure and technology in the transition to solid state”, National Academies, 2008
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution Leading Firms in OLED Lighting Patenting, 2000-2003 versus 1990-1993 NOTE: Individuals and institutions were excluded from the table Source: “Lighting industry: structure and technology in the transition to solid state”, National Academies, 2008
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution Globalization of OLED Patents: Licenses, Alliances and Disputes Source: Ledsmagazine.com, 2007
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Lighting industry: OLED Patents Evolution To sum up... -European total OLED patents = 16% aprox. -European OLED Lighting patents = 24% aprox. -Philips and OSRAM: Major ligthting patent companies -Several licences between companies -US R&D European Headquarters
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Cambridge Display Technology They discovered that light emitting diodes (LEDs) could be made from conducting polymers as well as from traditional semiconductors There were no funds within the University available to help The inventors ending up paying cover the costs of patenting for the patents themselves their discovery Source: Case study: CDT Ltd., 2005
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Cambridge Display Technology The patent therefore means that CDT has the exclusive right to use LEP technology and anyone wishing to build and market LEP displays must obtain a license from them. CDT was in strong positioned to benefit from the emerging OLED market The company now has over 560 patents in the field of OLEDs CDT Joint Development Partners Source: Case study: CDT Ltd., 2005
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Cambridge Display Technology CDT’s Licensees Source: Case study: CDT Ltd., 2005
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Appropiation strategy: EU Research Program The development and market penetration of LEDs is closely linked with government policies and national programs (APPENDIX 4) EU Research Program FOCUS ON... OLED Lighting • Sixth Framework Program (2002-2006) • OLLA Program (2004-2008) CombOLED Project (2008-2011) • Seventh Framework Program OLED100 Project (2008-2011)
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Sixth Framework Program2002/2006Total Budget: 17.5 billion euros Assuming 5-10% dedicated toward OLEDObjectives:- to contribute to the creation of the European Research Area(ERA) by improving integration and co-ordination ofresearch in Europe- to improve competitiveness of the European economy http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp6/index_en.cfm
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy OLLA Program2004/2008Total Budget: 12 million eurosObjectives:-To accomplish everything necessary for the next generationlight source for the 21st century: OLED-To use more efficient lighting technology-To reduce energy use http://www.olla-project.org/
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Seventh Framework Program2007/2013Total Budget: 50 billion eurosObjectives:- To co-finance research, technological development anddemonstration projects with “EUROPEAN ADDEDVALUE” In relation to OLED lighting technology CombOLED OLED100
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Seventh Framework Program: CombOLED Project2008/2011Total Budget: 7 million euros Objective: “To create the necessary conditions for introducing the new light sources into lighting applications” -7 partners -4 countries (France, Spain, Italy, Germany) Appendix 5 http://www.comboled-project.eu/
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy Seventh Framework Program: OLED100 Project2008/2011 (to follow the successful OLLA)Total Budget: 12,5 million eurosObjectives:-To increase the leading position of the European LightingIndustry and create long-term manufacturing jobs.-The IP generated in new process and product domains willprotect these advances from Asia and US competition. http://www.oled100.eu/homepage.asp
Intellectual property policies and appropiation strategy EU Policies -Light quality Objectives - Energy efficiency “The EU project goes by the name 20-20-20” -20% reduction in CO2 emissions Three objectives -20% reduction in energy use in Europe to be reached by 2020 -increase of 20% of energy produced from renewable sources “The essence of “Lighting System Legislation” (LSL) is in promoting intelligent lighting systems where the most significant energy savings can be made” TO PROMOTE OLED Technology
Conclusion• Electronic visual display Technology - Rapidly growing industry - Asian suppliers dominate - OLED is a disruptive technology• Europe is leader in OLED lighting market - High level of R&D - Patents: well positioned - Several research programs
ConclusionBUT....OLED MARKET IS HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON THE SUCCES OF AMOLEDSo, in the future Asian companies will dominate the OLEDmarket as well because Europe is not ready yet to developthe AMOLED technology.ADVICE...Part of the research program – AMOLED technologyBut...To be careful because we should keep our position aslighting leader.
SourcesSITES:-http://www.olla-project.org/-http://www.comboled-project.eu/-European Comision Community Research-www.osram-os.com-www.saint-gobain-recherche.com-www.siemens.com/entry/cc.es-www.uv.es-www.icmol.es-www.leti-cea.fr-www.ppml.it-www.schreiner-group.com
SourcesPAPERS:-“The European Lighting Industry Position on How to maximise the potential benefits ofEuropean Policy on energy efficiency in lighting”, CELMA company.-“Case study: Cambridge Display Technology Ltd.”, University of Cambridge Centre ofTechnology Management.-“Efforts of the European lghting industry to deliver high quality energy efficient LEDlighting solutions”, CELMA company-“Lighting industry: structure and technology in the transition to solid state”, SusanWalsh Sanderson-“OLED activity and Technology development”, Institute of materials research andengineering, Singapore-“OLED display and OLED lighting technology and market forecast”, Displaysearch
Appendices• Appendix 1: LCD versus OLED• Appendix 2: Who are the major players?• Appendix 3: Where is the industry located?• Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining toOLEDs• Appendix 5: CombOLED Project, Partners
Appendix 1: LCD versus OLED1.OLED does not require a backlight while LCDs do.2.As a consequence of the first, OLED displays consume less powerthan LCD displays.3.OLEDs have better contrast compared to LCDs.4.LCDs cost more to manufacture than OLEDs due to the printablenature of OLEDs.5.Printing techniques could lead to more applications for OLEDs thanLCDs.6.OLED displays have a significantly lower lifetime than LCDdisplays.
Appendix 1: LCD versus OLED OLED’s AdvantagesOLED has many superior performance advantages over LCD:• Light weight• Wide viewing angle• Ultra thin panel and module• Quick response time• Self light emitting• Energy efficient• Flexible display• Competitive cost-effectiveness
Appendix 1: LCD versus OLED OLED’s Disadvantages• Current cost• Lifespan• Color balance issues• Efficiency of blue OLEDs• Water damage• Outdoor performance• Power consumption• Screen burn-in
Appendix 2: Who are the major players? 1) Sams umg Sdi Co.Ltd( South Korea)- Samsung began the initial mass production of OLEDs, although the technology was first developed by Eastman Kodak Company in the 1980s.- Sector leader: Mobile Phone display market They also working on larger OLED panels and OLED lighting, and researching flexible and transparent displays.- In february 2010, SMD announced the Super-AMOLED (the total investment in that plant will be $2.2 billion)
Appendix 2: Who are the major players?2) LG Electronics + Eas tman Kodak Company(LG:South Korea ; Kodak: USA)Sector leader: is a large maker of displays for Tvs, computer screens and mobile devices. The company has plans to start mass producing OLED Tvs by 2013 and is also researching flexible OLEDs and OLED lighting.In December 2009: LG bought Kodaks OLED unit ($414million) OLEDs were originally discovered, developed and patented by Kodak, and the company has been involved in licensing and producing OLED screens.
Appendix 2: Who are the major players?3) Sony Corporation(Japan)Sector leader: smaller OLED Panels such as Walkman X series and the PSP-2-NGOSony has an OLED research program, mostly geared towards large displays (OLED Tvs) and flexible/rollable OLED displays.
Appendix 2: Who are the major players?4) Royal Philips Electronics(Europe)It is one of the worlds biggest electronics companies and Europes largest.Sector leader: is working on OLED lighting (including transparent panels, flexible panels, and color-tunable ones)
Appendix 2: Who are the major players?5) Vis ionox(China)Visionox, based in China and founded by Tsinghua University and other investors in 2001, is dedicated to the development, manufacturing and marketing of display and lighting products, mainly OLEDs.
Appendix 3: Where is the industry located? JAPAN Japanese enterprises are the most competitive in OLED industry. The advantages of Japanese enterprises are mainly in areas such as equipment manufacture, material R&D, drive designing and the R&D of products.It is predicted that Japans role in OLED industry will mainly focus on equipment manufacture, material R&D and application innovation in the future as well. Principal firms: Sony, Panasonic, Toshiba
Appendix 3: Where is the industry located? South KoreaThere are enterprises in every area of OLED industry such as equipment manufacture, material composition and display screen production.In general, the future development prospect of South Koreas OLED industry is very bright since it has better foundation of industrialization. Principal firms: Samsumg and LG
Appendix 3: Where is the industry located? Taiwan Taiwan have becomes the worlds largest OLED panel production base.The advantageous and focus area of Taiwans OLED industry is the manufacture of display devices, while it is relatively weak in the R&D of equipment and light-emitting materials. Principal firms: Visionox
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: DOE (2005,2006)
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: Japan Research and Development Center of Metals’ National Project (2000)
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: Stevenson (2005)
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: Chiu (2004) / Tang (2006)
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: Ledsmagazine.com (2005c, 2005a)
Appendix 4: Major National Programs Pertaining to OLEDs Source: European Commisssion Community Research (2002)
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH (OSRAM OS)OSRAM Opto Semiconductors GmbH (OSRAM OS) is a 100% daughter ofOSRAM GmbH, a world leader in manufacturing of lighting products.OSRAM OS represents the solid state lighting components inside OSRAM.OSRAM OS is a leading supplier of opto semiconductor products such asvisible LEDs, infrared components like sensors and photodiodes,semiconductor lasers and OLED displays. The company is based inRegensburg, Germany, where the most advanced optical chip factory in theworld was opened in April 2003. This is also the site of the R&D centre forOLED Lighting based on small molecules. www.osram-os.com
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners Saint-Gobain RechercheSaint-Gobain Recherche is a major industrial laboratory working in the fieldof materials.Its main task is to carry out research for the industrial branches of the Saint-Gobain Group.Saint-Gobain Recherche is active upstream of the other R&D laboratoriesinvolved in the work of the Group.Within the scope of the CombOLED project Saint-Gobain Recherche isresponsible for the development of low cost substrates with associated highlyconductive electrodes for OLED applications. www.saint-gobain-recherche.com
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners Siemens AGSiemens AG is a global powerhouse in electronics and electrical engineering, operating in theindustry, energy and healthcare sectors. The company has around 400,000 employees (in continuingoperations) working to develop and manufacture a broad spectrum of products, design and installcomplex systems and projects, and tailor a wide range of solutions for individual requirements.Innovations have always been one of the most important elements of the Siemens business strategy.Siemens employs more than 47,000 researchers and developers worldwide. With more than 2,500employees, Siemens Corporate Technology (CT) has a leading role to play within Siemens’ R&Doperations. One part of it is the development of new light sources based on the OLED technology.In this research field the Materials and Microsystems Unit of Siemens CT works in closecooperation with Osram OS, which is a 100% daughter of the Siemens’ division Osram GmbH.Siemens CT has experience in both OLED technologies - small molecule and polymers. Mainresearch activities covered are advanced materials and stack designs as well as novel processes.Within the CombOLED project Siemens CT is mainly responsible for the researchand development of hybrid device architectures using vapour deposition as well as wet-chemical processing techniques. In addition novel substrates and printed conducive filmsdeveloped within CombOLED will be evaluated and benchmarked against existing systems. w1.siemens.com/entry/cc/en/
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners Universidad de ValenciaThe Universidad de Valencia was founded in 1499 and currently has more than45000 students in a wide variety of topics. The Instituto de Ciencia Molecular (IcMol)in Valencia is one of its research institutes recognized internationally as one of thepioneering centres of functional -molecular materials. Since 2001, funded by nationaland european programs, the Institute is developing new research lines focused onmolecular magnets, molecular opto-electronic devices, molecular machines and supra-and supermolecular structures with long lived electron transfer processes. The IcMolhas employed more than 100 scientific researchers and is based at the ValenciaUniversity Campus. The Institute presents the most advanced systems for thepreparation and characterization of organic light emitting diodes, organic solar cellsand other molecule based opto-electronic devices.Main tasks in the project are the following:• Preparation of p and n type solution processable charge injection layers• Wet processing of optically or electronically active small molecules• Hybrid and standard device preparation and characterization www.uv.es - www.icmol.es
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners LetiLeti is a CEA laboratory located in Grenoble which is one of the main European applied researchcentres in electronics. More than 85% of its activity is devoted to research that is conducted withoutside partners. We are a partner to the industrial world, with 200 collaborators and 350 contractsa year. Leti has led to the creation of almost 30 start-ups in high-technology, including Soitec, theworld leader in Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI). We files some 180 patents a year and manage aportfolio of 1,000 inventions protected by patents.Our main areas of activity are as follows:•Micro-and nano-technologies for microelectronics,• Technologies, design and integration of microsystems,• Imaging technologies,• Micro- and nano-technologies for biology and health,• Communication technologies and nomad objects.Leti is endowed with an annual budget of 174 M€ and employs 1,000 people with, in addition,more than 500 external collaborators (postgraduates, research partners and industrialists). We have11,000m² of clean rooms, an equipment portfolio worth 200 M€ and we invest more than 40 M€ ayear on new equipment.Leti is one of the main forces behind Minatec®, Europe’s premier Centre of Excellence in Micro-and Nano-technologies. In the future Minatec® is destined to bring together more than 4,000researchers, industrialists and teaching staff in Grenoble. www-leti.cea.fr
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners PPMLPPML is one of the first European companies that are investing in OLEDapplications.PPML was born in 2005 with the aim to become the excellence inmanufacturing OLED based solutions. Having collected a wide database offeasible applications, PPML is currently working in the deployment of someprototypes and general demonstrator in partnership with OSRAM-OS andwith the aim to launch the first solutions in parallel with OLED introductioninto the lighting market.PPML will contribute to CombOLED project leading the disseminationactivities in order to accelerate OLED penetration to the final users. For thisreason, PPML will lead a wide dissemination campaign through knownchannels like the organization of a specific Design Contest and specialWorkshops with the major European Design School. www.ppml.it
Appendix 5:CombOLED Project, Partners Schreiner GroupInnovation, Quality, Performance and Enthusiasm are the values of Schreiner Group based in Oberschleissheim nearMunich. The family-owned business develops, designs and produces high-tech products. As certified systemsuppliers and development partners, seven specialized divisions offer a comprehensive range of innovativeproducts and customized solutions.Schreiner ProTech delivers individual solutions for self-adhesive markings and functional components forengineering industries.Schreiner MediPharm focuses on self-adhesive products for medical technology andpharmaceuticals.Schreiner ProSecure offers a wide range of counterfeit-proof solutions for authenticity and valueprotection.Schreiner LogiData specializes in data carriers, transponders and complete systems based on RFIDtechnology.Schreiner VarioLight develops and produces printed electronics, in particular high-grade electroluminescent lampswith electronic power supply and control components.Schreiner Systems offers complete solutions from consulting support and development of specifications, to deliveryand installation of hard- and software, all the way to after-sales service.Schreiner Labels designs and produces labels for product marking and advertising.Schreiner Groups experience in printing electronic devices stems from various products including antennas,capacitive sensors and electroluminescent lamps.In the CombOLED project, Schreiner VarioLight is responsible for printing current spreading structures and holeinjection layers using state-of-the art mass printing technologies. www.schreiner-group.com