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Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

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Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

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Tea And Coffee And Chocolate Class At Carnegie Mellon By Margarets Fine Imports In Pittsburgh , Tea Part One

  1. 1. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Become an Expert Class One Tea Part One
  2. 2. Famous Tea Quotes <ul><li>“ If you are cold, tea will warm you. If you are heated, it will cool you. If you are depressed, it will cheer you. If you are excited, it will calm you.” ~ William Gladstone </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tea is one of the main stays of civilization in this country.” ~ George Orwell </li></ul><ul><li>“ Women are like tea bags, they don’t know how strong they are until they get into hot water.” ~ Eleanor Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>“ To an Englishman, tea is of far greater importance than toilet paper.” – anon. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Hello Everyone. My name is </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Harris & the title of my course is: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tea, Coffee, Chocolate – </li></ul><ul><li>become an expert”. </li></ul><ul><li>In today’s class and next weeks class we will be talking about TEA. After that, in the 3 rd week about COFFEE, and in the 4 th week about a sweet topic: CHOCOLATE! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Self Introduction <ul><li>My name is Margaret Harris. I’ve been teaching about tea, coffee & chocolate since 2006. We hold Tea Classes in our store Margaret’s Fine Imports on every 1 st Wednesday of each month and I am also available for Tea Classes and Tea Tasting events outside the store, like here. </li></ul><ul><li>I am a member of USA Specialty Tea Institute and also a member of Western Pennsylvania Tea Association. </li></ul><ul><li>My affection for tea started back in my native Poland, when I suspect I had my first “tea” when I was a day old  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self Introduction pg2 <ul><li>Tea is one of the main household beverages in Poland, and for that matter in many countries of the world like England, France, Russia, China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka and so on… </li></ul><ul><li>I became even more interested in tea since I’ve opened my business 7 years ago. I am a graduate of Warsaw Medical College (1982) and also have an RN Diploma. I have not been practicing either profession for several years now, but my educational background helps me better understand the health issues related to the consumption of tea, coffee & chocolate. </li></ul><ul><li>But enough about me. Let’s now move on to our main character: TEA! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Today’s Agenda <ul><li>What is tea </li></ul><ul><li>Tea growing regions </li></ul><ul><li>History of tea & teapots </li></ul><ul><li>10 Minute Intermission </li></ul><ul><li>Types of tea </li></ul><ul><li>Non-teas: Tisanes, Rooibos, Yerba Mate </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is tea? <ul><li>All true teas: white, green, black & oolong come from the same plant Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><ul><li>Camellia Sinensis is an evergreen bush that can grow up to about 30 ft high, however it is usually trimmed at waist level for easier leaf picking and to produce more young fresh leaves. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Camellia Sinensis <ul><li>------- </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tea plant & tea picking <ul><li>Most tea leave picking is still done by human hand, as the leaves are very delicate and machinery would damage some of them. </li></ul><ul><li>The actual Tea is the Tea Plant , however we also refer to tea as the beverage obtained by steeping the tea leaves in hot water (usually). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tea Statistics <ul><li>Tea is the second world’s most consumed beverage after water. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s been used as a beverage for nearly 5000 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest producers of tea are China & India with over 800,000 tons of tea manufactured per year (each). </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 80% of tea consumed in the US is in the form of Iced Tea. </li></ul><ul><li>An average cup of tea in the world holds 6-7oz of tea, however an average cup of tea in the US holds 12-14oz of tea! </li></ul>
  11. 11. History of Tea pg 1 <ul><li>2700’s BC </li></ul><ul><li>According to legend the first person to discover tea was the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung , who one day found a leaf from a nearby tree in the cup of hot water next to him, and decided to try this new concoction. He enjoyed it very much and sent servants for more leaves. And so tea was born. However, for many years tea in China was used mostly as medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>805 </li></ul><ul><li>Tea brought to Japan by Japanese monks </li></ul><ul><li>1400 – late 1500’s </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the Japanese Tea Ceremony: Zen priests Murata Shuko </li></ul><ul><li>and Sen-no Rikyu </li></ul><ul><li>1557 </li></ul><ul><li>First tea trading from China to the West by Portuguese merchants, who received </li></ul><ul><li>the exclusive right to trade in Macao. Then from Lisbon tea would be distributed to other European ports mostly by the Dutch. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Japanese Tea Ceremony <ul><li>Japanese Tea Ceremony </li></ul>
  13. 13. History of Tea pg 2 <ul><li>15 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>First teapots created from a special purple clay in the Yixing region of China. </li></ul><ul><li>1602 </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch East India Company establishes bases in Indonesia and Japan to trade directly with the Orient. </li></ul><ul><li>17 th -18 th Centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Tea drinking becomes more and more popular in many European countries. (Queen Anne in England chooses tea over beer(!) as her usual breakfast drink…). </li></ul><ul><li>Invention of Samovar (self-heater) in Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>1650 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of tea in the US (New Amsterdam, later New York) by Dutch Director General, Peter Stuyvesant. </li></ul><ul><li>1773 </li></ul><ul><li>The Boston Tea Party. </li></ul><ul><li>1830 </li></ul><ul><li>First tea plants planted by British in India. </li></ul>
  14. 14. History Of Tea pg 3 <ul><li>1904 </li></ul><ul><li>First Iced Tea invented by Englishman Richard Blechynden, a tea trader at the St. Louis World Fair. (it was very hot..) </li></ul><ul><li>1908 </li></ul><ul><li>First teabag invented by importer Thomas Sullivan in New York. Eventually design was improved by Thomas J. Lipton in England and tea bags were mass produced in the US buy the 1920s. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Origins of the word “TEA” <ul><li>1610 Dutch were denied Canton or Macao </li></ul><ul><li>(Portuguese had a sole right ) and they started buying tea in a Java port, now Indonesia. </li></ul><ul><li>Their suppliers were from the Chinese provinces of Fujian and Hokien, which were close to the border with Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>The Fujian & Hokien word for tea is t’e, instead of ch’a or cha , and is pronounced “tay”. </li></ul><ul><li>And since all other European countries, except Portugal, bought their first teas from the Dutch, they call it in a similar way. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where tea likes to grow <ul><li>“ Tea Belt”: geographic belt that runs between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn – from the equator to 23 ° 26′ 22″ north and south </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: tropical & subtropical, warm temperatures, and substantial rainfall – 80 to 100 inches a year </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation 3,000 to 6,000 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Higher elevations produce thinner tea leaves with more concentrated flavor! (better) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tea Growing Regions <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka (Ceylon) </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe </li></ul>
  18. 18. Main Tea Growing Regions India <ul><li>Assam, Nilgiri, Darjeeling </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tea Growing Regions China <ul><ul><ul><li>Yangtze Valley </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Tea Growing Regions China pg2 <ul><li>Fujian Province Zhejiang Province </li></ul>
  21. 21. Green Tea <ul><li>During processing green tea leaves are subjected to heat: steaming, pan-firing, or roasting </li></ul><ul><li>The heat stops enzymatic changes and prevents oxidation </li></ul><ul><li>Then leaves are then rolled, twisted, and dried. </li></ul><ul><li>Green tea has 8-10 times more antioxidants than any other plant </li></ul><ul><li>The color of green tea remains green or grayish green </li></ul>
  22. 22. Black Tea <ul><li>Black tea leaves are first spread on trays and withered in the sun for 18-24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>After drying the leaves are rolled and twisted in order to break down their cell walls and accelerate the oxidation process. This causes the leaves to ferment and to release components responsible for their characteristic color, aroma and taste. </li></ul><ul><li>The last stage is firing in order to stop fermentation and dry the leaves completely. </li></ul><ul><li>Color of the leaves: dark brown or black </li></ul>
  23. 23. Oolong Tea (Chinese word for Black Dragon) <ul><li>Oolong is partially fermented tea. </li></ul><ul><li>The leaves are withered in the sun, but for a shorter period of time than black tea, only about 4-5 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>When the leaves are only partially fermented (different degrees), they are fired to stop the fermentation (oxidation) process. </li></ul><ul><li>Oolong tea leaves are reddish – brown. </li></ul>
  24. 24. White Tea <ul><li>White tea is the least processed tea. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains only new growth buds and young leaves (the 2 top leaves). </li></ul><ul><li>Steamed or gently dried on bamboo racks indoors. </li></ul><ul><li>The little buds are covered with white-silvery hairs which give this tea a whitish appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>High antioxidant level! </li></ul><ul><li>White tea is very light in color and flavor. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Non – Tea <ul><li> These &quot;teas&quot; are made of ingredients other than true tea, Camellia Sinensis. </li></ul><ul><li>      Roots, Flowers, Leaves, Seeds, Fruits, etc </li></ul><ul><li>      Tisanes or Herbal Teas are caffeine free, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>examples: Chamomile, Peppermint, Hibiscus, Chrysanthemum, Lemon Verbena </li></ul></ul><ul><li>   Rooibos: Asphalatus Linearis, grows in South Africa (no caffeine, high antioxidants </li></ul><ul><li>      Some non-teas may contain caffeine, such as Yerba Mate: Ilex paraguariensis. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows in Argentina, Brazil, Chile & Uruguay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different type of caffeine than in coffee: no side effects, high antioxidants </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Next week’s topics <ul><li>How to make a good cup of tea </li></ul><ul><li>presentation & demo </li></ul><ul><li>Storing Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Health Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Tea & Dieting </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Tea </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz </li></ul>

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