Spanish colonial government part iii

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This is the last part of the lesson on the Spanish Colonial Government focusing on the Spanish Imposed Institutions and Economic Policies

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Spanish colonial government part iii

  1. 1. ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS DURING THE SPANISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT
  2. 2. Filipinos paid taxes to SpainA. TRIBUTE (TRIBUTO) the Filipinos were compelled to pay tribute called TRIBUTO, to the colonial government.The tributo was imposed as a sign of the Filipinos loyalty to the king of Spain.
  3. 3. Filipinos paid taxes to SpainA. TRIBUTE (TRIBUTO)Those who paid tribute were individuals BETWEEN 16 TO 60 Y.O. 1571-1884 = 8 reales (P1.00) per year Other forms of payment:  Gold, Chickens, Textile, Cotton and Rice
  4. 4. B. CEDULA (Personal Identification Paper)In1884, Tribute was nullified and replaced by the CEDULA.
  5. 5. B. CEDULA (Personal Identification Paper)The cedula was a certificate identifying the taxpayer.It recorded his name, age, birthplace, marital state, occupation, place of residence, nationality and sex.
  6. 6. C. DIEZMOS PREDIALES or TITHESThe diezmos prediales was a tax consisting of one-tenth (1/10) of the produce of ones land.
  7. 7. D. THE DONATIVO DE ZAMBOANGAIntroduced in 1635, was a tax specifically used for the conquest of Mindanao.A special tax of 1/2 real or rice was collected. This collection was used to crush the Moro raids.
  8. 8. E.VINTAThis tax was collected to fund vintas to guard the coastal areas of Luzon to defend the area against Muslim pirates.
  9. 9. The government imposed the BANDALA system to increase the funds for wars against other European explorers.
  10. 10. The farmers are forced to sell their produce to the government.The government would buy the harvests of the farmers but would only give them PROMISSORY NOTES.
  11. 11. Bad Effects:The Filipinos became poorer.
  12. 12. Also calledPOLO Y SERVICIOS
  13. 13. All male Filipinos from 18 to 60 years of age were required to give their free labor, called POLO, to the government.
  14. 14. Obligated to do:Construction of buildingsConstruction of churchesCutting trees to make logs
  15. 15. This labor was for40 DAYS A YEAR.They are supposed to be paid I/4 reales.The workers were called POLISTAS.
  16. 16. In 1884 the numberof days was lessenedto 15 days per year.
  17. 17. To be exempted:Pay FALLA = 1 ½ reals
  18. 18. Bad effects: Polo was made at the same time as plating and harvesting Separation from family Relocation to different places (sometimes outside the Philippines) Lessened the male population
  19. 19. Also known as the MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADETrading was doneBetween ManilaAndAcapulco, Mexico
  20. 20. Also known as the MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADEThis was agovernmentmonopoly thatlasted for 250 years
  21. 21. MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADEThe galleons carried spices, porcelain, ivory, lacquerware, silk to be sold in Mexico.
  22. 22. MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADEThe trip to Mexico lasted for 200 daysThe return trip lasted for 70 days
  23. 23. MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADEOnly the elite can benefit from this trade.People needed to buy a BOLETA.The boleta is the ticket worth P 250.00.
  24. 24. MANILA-ACAPULCO TRADEBad Effects:Neglect of local productsThe Filipinos became poorer.
  25. 25. The government established a monopoly on tobacco in 1781.Provinces like Ilocos, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija were to plantNO OTHER CROP EXCEPT TOBACCO
  26. 26. They dictated:-Where to plant (certain provinces only)-How much to harvest-How much to pay the farmers
  27. 27. Farmers had to produce a certain amount (QUOTA)Tobacco leaves were sold to the government for a very low priceFailure meant FINES
  28. 28. Good effects:The tobacco monopoly raised so much money for the government and made Philippine tobacco famous all over Asia.
  29. 29. Bad effects:Abused by the government agentsHunger due to shortage of food (farmers were not allowed to plant another crop)
  30. 30. Lasted for 100 years (1781 to 1881)In 1881, King Alfonso XII removed the tobacco monopoly.Ilocanos made a shrine in his honor.
  31. 31. The country was divided into parcels and assigned to deserving Spaniard to govern and care.These parcels were called ENCOMENDAS.
  32. 32. TWO TYPES OF ENCOMIENDAS:Owned by the King of Spain = ROYAL ENCOMIENDAOwned by private individuals = PRIVATE ENCOMIENDA
  33. 33. ENCOMIENDEROTasks: To defend his encomienda from outsiders Peace and order within his encomienda Assist in spreading Christianity
  34. 34. ENCOMIENDEROPrivileges: Collect taxes according to the limit
  35. 35. Abuses:Collected more tax than requiredTake all the harvests for themselvesFarmers were persecuted for not paying taxesFarmers became hungryThis was always abused and later abolished.
  36. 36. Some friars would pity the Filipinos and wrote to the King of Spain to report their abuses.It was later abolished.
  37. 37. It was a charitable foundation specifically used charity work, religious activities and educational purposes
  38. 38. Obras Pias became a banking institution run by the friars.
  39. 39. Obras Pias started the funds for the first government bank in the Philippines called:BANCO ESPANOL-FILIPINO de ISABEL IIin 1851
  40. 40. Banco Espanol-Filipino de Isabell II was the first to use currency notes in paper.
  41. 41. Today, Banco Espanol-Filipino is now called:THE BANK OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS (BPI)
  42. 42. THE ENDNEXT... FILIPINO REVOLTS

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