ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS DURING THE SPANISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT
Filipinos paid taxes to SpainA. TRIBUTE (TRIBUTO) the Filipinos were compelled to pay tribute called TRIBUTO, to the colonial government.The tributo was imposed as a sign of the Filipinos loyalty to the king of Spain.
Filipinos paid taxes to SpainA. TRIBUTE (TRIBUTO)Those who paid tribute were individuals BETWEEN 16 TO 60 Y.O. 1571-1884 = 8 reales (P1.00) per year Other forms of payment: Gold, Chickens, Textile, Cotton and Rice
B. CEDULA (Personal Identification Paper)In1884, Tribute was nullified and replaced by the CEDULA.
B. CEDULA (Personal Identification Paper)The cedula was a certificate identifying the taxpayer.It recorded his name, age, birthplace, marital state, occupation, place of residence, nationality and sex.
C. DIEZMOS PREDIALES or TITHESThe diezmos prediales was a tax consisting of one-tenth (1/10) of the produce of ones land.
D. THE DONATIVO DE ZAMBOANGAIntroduced in 1635, was a tax specifically used for the conquest of Mindanao.A special tax of 1/2 real or rice was collected. This collection was used to crush the Moro raids.
E.VINTAThis tax was collected to fund vintas to guard the coastal areas of Luzon to defend the area against Muslim pirates.
The government imposed the BANDALA system to increase the funds for wars against other European explorers.
The farmers are forced to sell their produce to the government.The government would buy the harvests of the farmers but would only give them PROMISSORY NOTES.