1. The Magellan Expedition2. The Jofre de Loaisa Expedition3. The Alvaro de Saavedra Expedition4. The Ruy Lopez de Villalobos Expedition
The Miguel Lopez de Legazpi Expedition – Theonly expedition that was successful in colonizingthe Philippines.After the unsuccessful expedition of Villalobos,King Charles I decided TO STOP SENDINGCOLONIZERS to the Philippines.When his son, King Philip II took over, hecontinued the expeditions.
Philip sent Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and FrayAndres de Urdaneta.Urdaneta survived the de Loaisa expedition.
On February 13, 1565, Legaspis expeditionlanded in Cebu island.After a short struggle with the natives, he proceeded to Leyte,then to Camiguin and to Bohol. There Legaspi made a bloodcompact with the chieftain, Datu Sikatuna as a sign offriendship.
Legaspi was able to obtain spices and gold inBohol due to his friendship with Sikatuna.
On April 27, 1565, Legaspi returned to Cebu.The head of Cebu was Rajah Tupas who waged waragainst Legaspi.
Legaspi destroyed the town of Raja Tupas andestablished a settlement.
While searching for survivors,…one soldier Juan Camus found a statue ofthe child Jesus still intact.
Upon verification, it wasthe same Sto. Nino thatwas given by Magellan toQueen Hara Amihan in1521.Legaspi ordered theconstruction of achurch…
Called it SAN AGUSTIN CHURCHLater, renamed it to…BASILICAMINORE DELSANTO NIÑO
On orders of the King Philip II,2,100 men arrived from Mexico.Mexico was colonized by Spain onThey built the port of Fuerza de San Pedrowhich became the Spanish trading outpostand stronghold for the region.
Hearing of the riches of Manila, an expedition of 300men headed by MARTIN DE GOITIleft Cebu for Manila.
Goiti arrived in Manila onMay 8, 1570.At first they were welcomed bythe natives and formed analliance withRAJAH SULIMAN, theirMuslim king.
But as the locals sensed the true objectives of theSpaniards, a battle between the troops of Sulimanand the Spaniards erupted.Because the Spaniards are more heavily armed,the Spaniards were able to conquer Manila.Soon after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived tojoin Goiti in Manila.Legaspi built alliances and made peace with RajahsSuliman, Lakandula and Matanda.
In 1571, Legaspi ordered the construction of the walled city ofIntramuros and proclaimed it as the seat of government ofthe colony and the capital of the islands.
In 1572, Legaspi died and was buried at the San AgustinChurch in Intramuros.In 1574, Manila was bestowed the title: "Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad de España" or DISTINGUISHED AND EVER LOYAL CITY OF SPAINby King Philip II of Spain.
Best way to see Intramuros and theSan Agustin Church is in a Segway!