The Magellan ExpeditionThe Jofre de Loaisa ExpeditionThe Alvaro de Saavedra ExpeditionThe Ruy Lopez de Villalobos ExpeditionThe Miguel Lopez de Legazpi Expedition – The onlyexpedition that was successful in colonizing the Philippines.After the unsuccessful expedition of Villalobos, King CharlesI decided to stop sending colonizers to the Philippines.When his son, King Philip II took over, he continued theexpeditions.Philip sent Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and Fray Andres deUrdaneta. Urdaneta survived the de Loaisa expedition.
On February 13, 1565, Legaspis expedition landed in Cebuisland.After a short struggle with the natives, he proceeded toLeyte, then to Camiguin and to Bohol. There Legaspi madea blood compact with the chieftain, Datu Sikatuna as a signof friendship.
Legaspi was able to obtain spices and gold in Boholdue to his friendship with Sikatuna.
On April 27, 1565, Legaspi returned to Cebu.He destroyed the town of Raja Tupas andestablished a settlement.
On orders of the King Philip II, 2,100 men arrived fromMexico.They built the the port of Fuerza de San Pedro whichbecame the Spanish trading outpost and stronghold for theregion.
Hearing of the riches of Manila, an expedition of300 men headed by Martin de Goiti left Cebu forManila.
Goiti arrived in Manila on May8, 1570.At first they were welcomed bythe natives and formed analliance with RajahSuliman, their Muslim king.
But as the locals sensed the true objectives of theSpaniards, a battle between the troops of Sulimanand the Spaniards erupted.Because the Spaniards are more heavilyarmed, the Spaniards were able to conquer Manila.Soon after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived to joinGoiti in Manila.Legaspi built alliances and made peace with RajahsSuliman, Lakandula and Matanda.
In 1571, Legaspi ordered the construction of the walled cityof Intramuros and proclaimed it as the seat ofgovernment of the colony and the capital of the islands.
In 1572, Legaspi died and was buried at the San AgustinChurch in Intramuros.In 1574, Manila was bestowed the title: "Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad de España"or DISTINGUISHED AND EVER LOYAL CITY OF SPAINby King Philip II of Spain.
Why the Philippines was easily conqueredThrough largely outnumbered, the Spaniards who came tocolonize the Philippines easily took control of our country.How did this happen?The best possible explanation is that the natives lacked unityand a centralized form of government. Although thebarangays already functioned as units of governance, eachone existed independently of the other, and the powers thateach Datu enjoyed were confined only to his own barangay.No higher institution united the barangays, and theSpaniards took advantage of this situation. They used thebarangays that were friendly to them in order to subdue thebarangays that were not.