Zwischen 2006 und 2009 wurde an der Universität zu Köln die Situation gehörloser Menschen im Alter (Projekt SIGMA) untersucht. Die Ergebnisse belegen, dass gehörlose Menschen im Alter in verschiedenen Bereichen keine gleichberechtigten Chancen zur Teilhabe am gesellschaftlichen Leben haben. Um die Situation gehörloser Menschen im Alter, insbesondere von gehörlosen Menschen mit Demenz zu verbessern, muss ein Versorgungsangebot bereitgestellt werden, dass unter Berücksichtigung ihrer spezifischen kulturellen und kommunikativen Voraussetzungen einen selbstbestimmten, barrierefreien Zugang zu Versorgungsleistungen und Informationen ermöglicht. Im Rahmen des Vortrags wird ein Projekt vorgestellt, dass diese Zielsetzungen umsetzt.
RIWC_PARA_A155 deafness and aging
The Deaf Elderly:
Inclusion, Participation and Social Care
University of Cologne
Faculty of Human Sciences
Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. Thomas Kaul
Frank Menzel (†)
Situation of Deaf Elderly People
2006 - 2009
Research Objectives: SIGMA
• Exploration of the living conditions and individual
resources of elderly Deaf people
• Eamination of Quality and Quantity of services and
measures for elderly Deaf people
– Information and Consulting
– Health Care
– Living in old age
– Education and leisure options
– Supply by care needs and dementia
Who was surveyed?
Target groups Methods
Deaf people aged 55 and over Qualitative interviews
with approx.. 40 persons
Experts, who have contact to elderly
- Open single and groupinterviews
- Written survey (Internet)
Institutions and organisations, who
counsell and consult elderly Deaf
- Nursing and retirement homes
- Specific living supplies for elderly Deaf
people für gehörlose (total survey)
• The family network is not highly meshed.
• The is a close network with the Deaf community.
• The Deaf community is active! (senior clubs, consulting,
information, volontary and honorary work,...)
• If mobility is reduced, the contact and access to the Deaf
community is very difficult or impossible.
• Elderly Deaf people are more isolated.
Results: Access to information
• Deaf people are not well informed about supply, offers
and legal claims and rights.
• General information are not accessible.
• Specific Information in sign language is rare.
Results: Knowledge in
• Healthcare professionals are not well informed about the
specific and communicative needs of elderly Deaf people.
• This lack of knowledge leads to a not appropriate care.
• Legal claims and rights will not be exercised.
• There are only some specific offers and supply for elderly
Deaf people, which take the specific needs into account.
• In most cases there is no possibility to get a specific and
• Itis always hard for Deaf people to make decisions to stay
where they live – without specific support – or to go to
an institution (in another town) where they get an
1. Structural development: Extension of
specific offers and networks
2. Information, explanation and awareness
3. Quality management: Qualification and
Pilot project GIA: (The Eldery Deaf)
Competence Center for Elderly Deaf
People (with Dementia)
Improving the supply and support for eldery Deaf
People (with dementia)
• Better access to general offers for elderly peoply
• Expansion of the specific offers and supply for
elderly Deaf people
• Design, testing and evaluation of two
• Development of information material
• Creating recommendations of action
Design, testing and evaluation of two
Competence Centres: Target Groupes
• Elderly Deaf people
• Relatives and other related persons of elderly Deaf
• Institutions, professionals und associations health
and nursing care
• Institutions, professionals und associations of the
Beratung und Vermittlung
Information und Aufklärung
Vernetzung und Entwicklung
•Support to find appropriate offers (i.e. healthcare, nursing, ....)
• Consulting of institution, which want to set up a specific offer for Deaf
• Organizing and performing of informatin events for elderly Deaf
• How will I live in old age?
• What is a patient decee?
• What is dementia?
• Collectiong and developing of appropriate information material
Development and Networks
•Planning, design and implementation of trainings for Deaf volunteers
(i.e. accompainment of Deaf people with dementia)
•Planning, design and implementation of specific offers for elderly Deaf
people (i.e. sign language based).
In times of resource shortages it is
very difficult to convince politicians
to support and - last but not least - to
finance necessary competence