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Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 2 -
Content
Introduction
– Research issue
Research app...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 3 -
Introduction
• Importance of the Internet for dail...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 4 -
Introduction
• On the other hand: Many people with...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 5 -
Accessible websites for people with intellectual
d...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 6 -
How can we improve the accessibility of
informatio...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 7 -
Introduction
Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Be...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 8 -
Research Issue
What specific criteria need to be c...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 9 -
Characteristics of the participatory
approach
Part...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 10 -
Characteristics of the participatory
approach
Pra...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 11 -
Characteristics of the participatory
approach
Met...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 12 -
Methods
Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs
...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 13 -
Methods
Expert interviews
– Heterogeneity of pers...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 14 -
Methods
Semi-structured interview guidelines for
...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 15 -
Results - Accessibility/Barriers
Elena Brinkmann,...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 16 -
Results - Accessibility/Solutions
Elena Brinkmann...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 17 -
Results - Accessability
Elena Brinkmann, Marie He...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 18 -
Results
First indications suggesting criteria for...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 19 -
Conclusions
Common standards are important for th...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 20 -
List of references
Aktion Mensch e.V. (2010). Web...
Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation
Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus
- 21 -
Thank you 
Homepage:
http://online-dabei.uni-koe...
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RIWC_PARA_A124 Website design for people with Learning Disabilities

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A124 Website design for people with Learning Disabilities

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RIWC_PARA_A124 Website design for people with Learning Disabilities

  1. 1. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus Designing barrier-free websites for people with intellectual disabilities: What do the experts say? 23rd RI World Congress, Oct 25-27 2016, Edinburgh Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs, Mathilde Niehaus Funded by Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  2. 2. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 2 - Content Introduction – Research issue Research approach – Characteristics of the participatory approach Methods – Expert interviews Results Conclusions List of references Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  3. 3. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 3 - Introduction • Importance of the Internet for daily life, affecting education, employment and leisure • On the one hand: People with intellectual disabilities benefit from the various opportunities on the Internet (Freese/Mayerle, 2014) Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Source: Shutterstock/Pavel Ignatov
  4. 4. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 4 - Introduction • On the other hand: Many people with intellectual disabilities are still reap few or no benefits from these technologies (Aktion Mensch, 2010) • Specific barriers to Internet use: material barriers, technical barriers, language (Bernasconi, 2009) Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Source: Shutterstock/Pavel Ignatov
  5. 5. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 5 - Accessible websites for people with intellectual disabilities Introduction Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Accessibility is given if [websites] can be used by people with disabilities in the usual manner without special difficulties and basically without help by other people. (Equal Opportunities for Disabled People Act (BGG), § 4)
  6. 6. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 6 - How can we improve the accessibility of information on the Internet for young people with intellectual disabilities using the Internet without outside help? Introduction Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  7. 7. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 7 - Introduction Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Process-oriented approachProduct-oriented approach  Inclusion/participation  User-orientation (needs of the target group)  Standards  Guidelines WCAG 2.0 Aspects of website accessibility for people with intellectual disabilities BITV 2.0 CRPD
  8. 8. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 8 - Research Issue What specific criteria need to be considered when developing barrier-free websites for people with intellectual disabilities? Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  9. 9. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 9 - Characteristics of the participatory approach Participatory approach – Research not about or for people with intellectual disabilities, but with them (Bergold/Thomas, 2010) – Link between science and life experiences (Schuppener, 2009) – Use of self-reports rather than assessment by others (e.g. teachers, counsellors) Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  10. 10. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 10 - Characteristics of the participatory approach Practice-based evidence - Including the life circumstances of people with intellectual disabilities: content-related foundation, higher credibility (Gebert, 2014) Legitimate reversal of the power relation - Expert status of both researchers and participants (Bergold/Thomas, 2010) - Mutual recognition of expertise (Gebert, 2014) Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  11. 11. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 11 - Characteristics of the participatory approach Methodological issues - Adequate quality criteria in addition to the general quality criteria, e.g. cooperative research process - Gebert (2014): „Subjectivation of the process shall explicitly indicated as profit.“ Practical issues - Specific limitations of financial, time and institutional resources - Recruitment of the participants Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  12. 12. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 12 - Methods Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Participatory and inclusive research approach Expert Reference Inclusive future Action interviews group workshop guideline Source Images: Shutterstock/Gusi Lebedeva/D Line/howcolour
  13. 13. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 13 - Methods Expert interviews – Heterogeneity of perspectives – Interdisciplinary nature of the subject Experts – People with intellectual disabilities (N=22) – Computer scientists / digital media designers – Social education workers / special pedagogues – Web site operators (N=6) – People concerned with easy-to-read Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  14. 14. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 14 - Methods Semi-structured interview guidelines for - Evaluation of accessability and usability for websites - Adapted guidelines for each expert group › Orientation along guidelines, empirical research and the pilot study › Problem: Acquiescence tendency › Closed questions with 3-point scale answer options (Finlay 2002), open questions Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  15. 15. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 15 - Results - Accessibility/Barriers Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Web site operators Usage of unusual words Quality of text differs No common standardsComplexity
  16. 16. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 16 - Results - Accessibility/Solutions Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Web site operators Working together with the target group “We use a kind of an encyclopaedia for explaining difficult and unusual words.” “A kind of a dictionary could be useful.” Using identical pictures for the same content
  17. 17. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 17 - Results - Accessability Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne Participants Difficult words Unclear structure Quantity of text/pictures Navigation depth Development of solutions in the reference group Starting point
  18. 18. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 18 - Results First indications suggesting criteria for developing barrier- free websites for people with intellectual disabilities:  Less text on a website and more headings and subheadings  Explanations of difficult words  Less levels of navigation  Pictures which are related to the content Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  19. 19. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 19 - Conclusions Common standards are important for the development of barrier-free websites – Ordinance (BITV 2.0) does not lead to optimal web site accessibility – Process-orientation is hardly considered during web site development for the target group  User-orientation, Interaction of all stakeholders Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  20. 20. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 20 - List of references Aktion Mensch e.V. (2010). Web 2.0. Barrierefrei. Eine Studie zur Nutzung von Web 2.0 Anwendungen durch Menschen mit Behinderung. Bonn. Bergold, J., & Thomas, S. (2010). Partizipative Forschung. In G. Mey & K. Mruck (Hrsg.), Handbuch Qualitative Forschung in der Psychologie (S. 333-344). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften / Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH Wiesbaden. Bernasconi, T.: Barrierefreies Internet für Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung. Eine experimentelle Pilotstudie zu technischen Voraussetzungen und partizipativen Auswirkungen. Univ., Diss.-- Oldenburg, 2007. BIS-Verl. der Carl-von-Ossietzky- Univ, Oldenburg (2007). Buchner, T., Koenig, O., & Schuppener, S. (2011). Gemeinsames Forschen mit Menschen mit intellektuelle Behinderung: Geschichte, Status quo und Möglichkeiten im Kontext der UN- Behindertenrechtskonvention. Teilhabe, 50(1), 4-10. Gebert, T. (2014). Partizipative Forschung mit Menschen, die als geistig behindert werden. Im Spannungsfeld von Teilhaberecht und Wissenschaftlichkeit. Behindertenpädagogik, 53(3), 251-271. Schuppener, S. (2009). Identität von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung - Untersuchungs- und Unterstützungsmöglichkeiten im Kontext partizipativer Forschung. In F. Janz (Hrsg.), Edition S. Empirische Forschung im Kontext geistiger Behinderung (S. 305-319). Heidelberg: Winter. Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne
  21. 21. Unit of Labour and Vocational Rehabilitation Prof. Dr. M. Niehaus - 21 - Thank you  Homepage: http://online-dabei.uni-koeln.de/ Contact: online-dabei@uni-koeln.de 0049-221-4704602 Elena Brinkmann, Marie Heide, Lena Bergs University of Cologne

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