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RIWC_PARA_A110 vocational rehabilitation professionals’ competencies in taiwan

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A110 vocational rehabilitation professionals’ competencies in taiwan

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RIWC_PARA_A110 vocational rehabilitation professionals’ competencies in taiwan

  1. 1. Vocational Rehabilitation Professionals’ Competencies in Taiwan Ming Hung Wang, Ph. D., CRC Vincent Lin, MS Terri Lewis, Ph. D. Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Counseling, National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan
  2. 2. 2 Topics • Disability Population • Laws and VR System • Current Development of VR Profession • Vocational Rehabilitation Professionals’ Competencies
  3. 3. 3 Disability Population
  4. 4. 2013 Taiwan Population General Individual with disabilities % Population 23,000 000 1,130,000 4.8% Working Ages(≧15) 11,515,000 202,171 1.76% Workforce Participation 58.53% 19.7% 33.66% Unemployment rate 4.03% 11.0% 2.73 4
  5. 5. 2013 Population with older Classification system Disability Classification 1,125,113 Vision Disability 56,840 5.05% Hearing Mechanism Disability 122,348 10.87% Limbs Disability 379,405 33.72% Mental Disability 99,488 8.84% Losing Functions of Primary Organs 136,599 12.14% Chromic Psychosis 119,666 10.63% Multi-Disability 116,735 10.38%
  6. 6. 6 Laws and VR System
  7. 7. 7 Laws • People with Disability Rights Protection, since 2007 –Classification of Disability – ICF framework –Quota System –VR service and Individualized VR plan
  8. 8. Quota  Public organizations with employees more than 34 must hire 3% of workers who have disabilities.  Private companies with employees more than 67 must hire 1% of workers who have disabilities.
  9. 9. 9 Services and Resources
  10. 10. VR services Central Government Employment Services Five regional Branches Five Regional VR Resources Centers Local Government One-Stop VR Window Community- based VR services
  11. 11. VR services 11 Job-Matching Model Applicants with less support needs Applicants with more support needs Persons with Disabilities Central Government Local Goverment
  12. 12. Medical services Psychosocial counseling/Car eer counseling Sheltered Workshop and supported employment services Independent Living services Social welfare services Vocational Evaluation/voc ational training One stop windows
  13. 13. 13 Official Professional Title • Based on the task performed, the professional titles can be certificated with: − Supervisor − Case Manager − Vocational Evaluator − Employment Service Staff − Vocational Skill Trainer
  14. 14. VR Positions Titles Number Consumers served Employment Service Staff 700 Vocational Skill Trainers 300 Vocational Evaluators 100 Case managers 150 5600/year Total 1250
  15. 15. 15 Professional supports for VR Professionals Graduate Institute of RC, NKNU
  16. 16. Becoming a VR professional RC master’s programs Work experiences Others (social work, OT, PT, counseling) Pre-job training hours Work experiences
  17. 17. Supports for professional growth VR professionals Govern- ment UniversitiesTVRA
  18. 18. Supports from governments Free on- the-job training Support frequent Consultation fees VR resources centers Support international conferences
  19. 19. Missions of VRRC (專業支持) (資源整合)(研究發展) 20
  20. 20. 21 Professional Disciplines and Academic Credential • Since 2003 • Three RC master level graduate programs − National Changhua University of Education (2003) − National Kaohsiung Normal University (2004) − National Taiwan Normal University (2004)
  21. 21. • In 2004, Taiwan Vocational Rehabilitation Association has been established • The major missions are: – Publish the Taiwanese Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling (research articles) – Improve vocational rehabilitation services – Advocate for VR counseling Profession
  22. 22. 23 Best Outcomes/Practice • Several efforts to make sure the people with disabilities will receive quality services. 1. There are regulations to define the qualifications for setting up institutes that provide VR services. 2. Continue education 90 hours/ 3 years to maintain certification 3. There are annually or biannually program evaluations to oversee the quality and quantity of the VR services.
  23. 23. Studies on VR Professionals’ Competencies
  24. 24. Chuang &Wu (2013) • investigated 201 VR professionals’ views on roles and functions • the most frequently performed job function: Case Management • Case Management was seen as the core job function of VR case managers • under-prepared areas: applications of occupational information and research outcomes, resource negotiation and advocacy for rights, as well as supervision of new personnel.
  25. 25. Lin (2012) • investigated 151 supported employment specialists’ perspectives on their job and function and competency level. • Using government’s policy instruments to improving employers’ motivation to hire persons with disabilities was the least prepared area.
  26. 26. Wang et. al. (2015) • investigated VR case managers’ competency level and support needs. • low competency levels on areas such as counseling skills, evaluation skills, career counseling, ethics, and advocacy for resources.
  27. 27. Dutta et. al. (2015) • assessed 116 vocational rehabilitation professionals’ competencies by using the Taiwanese version of SAP-SASC. • the highest level of competence in providing job seeking and social skills training, job modification, job analysis, and referring community-based support services.
  28. 28. VR competencies Consumers’ Views Self-views Employers’ views
  29. 29. 30 Welcome to Taiwan The First Asian-Pacific Vocational Rehabilitation Conference in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 2005.
  30. 30. Thank you

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