Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

RIWC_PARA_A030 Disabled People and Disasters in Road Tunnels

218 views

Published on

A030 Disabled People and Disasters in Road Tunnels

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

RIWC_PARA_A030 Disabled People and Disasters in Road Tunnels

  1. 1. 1Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Accessible road tunnels – Measures to manage disasters with disabilities Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke STUVA e. V. Rehabilitation International 27. October 2016, Edinburgh
  2. 2. 2Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016
  3. 3. 3Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Road tunnels: Special conditions  possibly high fire load, e. g. if HGV starts to burn  no fire sections in the tunnel (traffic area)  „chimney effect“  high danger: fire development and smoke spreading in longer tunnels (>400 m)  traffic function  important function within the road network  ensuring flow of traffic during breakdowns and (smaller) accidents  no people outside a car during normal operation mode  no pedestrians (only emergency walkways)  legal framework  public roads and buildings (and as so far tunnels) have to be barrier-free  use allowed for all people within the framework of road and traffic laws
  4. 4. 4Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Research project FE 03.0405/2005/FRB:*) Consideration of the needs of disabled people when equipping and operating road tunnels Consideration of the needs of disabled people when equipping and operating road tunnels funded by edited by
  5. 5. 5Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Disabled people in road tunnels  disabled road tunnel users  self-driver (e. g. wheelchair, deaf)  co-driver (e. g. blind and visual impairments, cognitive disabled)  people with disabilities participate in traffic in general  they may get into emergency situations in traffic or in road tunnels copyright: anatom5 GmbH in cooperation with Natko
  6. 6. 6Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Disabled people in road tunnels Possible problems of disabled tunnel users  accessibility of emergency walkways  accessibility and usability of emergency phones and emergeny telephone boxes  locating the emergency exits  opening the emergency exit doors kerb
  7. 7. 7Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Accessibility of emergency walkways  kerb height in new tunnels 3 cm  kerb is needed as impact protection and to pass liquids (e. g. gas; slotted channels) New RABT RABT 2006 RABT: Richtlinien für die Ausstattung und den Betrieb in Straßentunneln Guidelines for fitting and operation of road tunnels
  8. 8. 8Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Recognisability of emergency exits  Escape route signs with orientation light  mounted every 25 m or less  in the future with a tactile marking on top
  9. 9. 9Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Recognisability of emergency exits  highlighted emergency exit doors window green lights emergency route sign green coating emergency walkway carriageway
  10. 10. 10Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Recognisability of emergency exits  Tactile ground surface indicators (blisters) in front and opposite of emergency exits Photo:HSVV,Seeger
  11. 11. 11Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Use of Emergency doors  force needed to open door could be lowered to 60 N (100 N with forced ventilation)  further tests running  opening of emergency exit doors shall be easier in the future  difficult to solve : forced ventilation and easy opening doors  in the future automatic opening assistance?  further research necessary (reliability?) Photo:STUVA,Grossmann
  12. 12. 12Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in German road tunnels Discussed and not yet included in technical specifications (will be taken into account for follow-up guidelines)  two emergency buttons outside the emergency phone boxes  mounted at 0.85 m above ground  tactile letters „SOS“  flashlight and audible signal if pressed (two-senses-principle)
  13. 13. 13Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Future safety measures in road tunnels Discussed and not yet included in technical specifications (will be taken into account for follow-up guidelines)  safe areas for wheelchair users or wheeled walkers  located behind the emergency exit doors  if emergency tunnel may be inclined or an emergency staircase is existing (especially for existing tunnels) voice communication display video emergency tunnel wheelchair intermediate area road tunnel emergency exit
  14. 14. 14Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Outlook and conclusions  accessibility of road tunnels is supported by the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI)  measures (partly) are already included or will be included in follow-up guidelines for further improvement  measures described  will be implemented in all new tunnels  for existing tunnels only limited implementation because of technical or structural limitations (and at least for economical reasons)  measures will improve safety of all tunnel users, because in a panic situation everyone of us will be handicapped
  15. 15. 15Accessible road tunnels  Dr.-Ing. Dirk Boenke, STUVA e. V.  Edinburgh, 27.10.2016 Thank you very much for your attention! Any questions? Dr. Dirk Boenke STUVA e. V. Mathias-Brüggen-Straße 41 50827 Cologne, Germany Phone: +49 221 / 597 95 -0 Email: d.boenke@stuva.de

×