Gait Analysis: Its Use as a
Treatment and Rehabilitative
Gwenllian Tawy¹, Philip Riches¹, Philip Rowe¹
¹University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
• Method of analysing movement
• Joint kinematics and kinetics
• 2D or 3D
• Identify pathological movement patterns
• Guide rehabilitation and treatment programmes1,2
WHAT IS GAIT ANALYSIS?
Rarely used in clinical environments3,4
• Large footprint
• Time consuming
• Marker placement protocols
• Complicated software
• Complicated data
• Limited training available to clinicians
• Limited accessibility
• Limited evidence of effectiveness
WHY SHOULD WE USE IT?
• Gold standard method4
• Multiple measurements can be recorded simultaneously
• Information on functional abilities
• Guide rehabilitative and treatment plans
• Improve functional outcome following a treatment
• Feedback to patients on progress
• Evidence of its benefits
Aim: Develop a clinic-appropriate motion capture system to
assess lower limb function.
EASE OF USE
• Quick set-up time
• Patient friendly assessments
• Computer control with footswitch
• No need to label markers and process data
• Results in real-time
• Results in simple formats
• Total assessment time is <20 minutes
• Gait Analysis is a gold standard method
• Appropriate for a clinical environment
• Can record large amounts of data quickly
• Potential for large-scale use
Supervisors: Professor Philip Rowe & Dr Philip Riches
Trial Team: Miss Leela Biant, Mr Michiel Simons, Lorna MacLeod, Andre Attard
1Wren, T.A.L., Otsuka, N.Y., Bowen, R.E., Scaduto, A.A., Chan, L.S., Sheng, M., Hara, R., Kay, R.M (2011b). “Influence of gait analysis on decision-making for
lower extremity orthopaedic surgery: Baseline data from a randomized controlled trial.” Gait & posture 34(3): 364–9.
2Lofterød, B., Terjesen, T., Skaaret, I., Huse, A-B., Jahnsen, R (2007). “Preoperative gait analysis has a substantial effect on orthopedic decision making in
children with cerebral palsy: comparison between clinical evaluation and gait analysis in 60 patients.” Acta orthopaedica 78(1): 74–80.
3Dimanico, U., Gastaldi, L., Caramella, M., Marachetti, P., Pastorelli, S., Soragnese, F (2009). “Inter-therapist and inter-methodology marker placement
influence on clinical gait analysis.” Gait & Posture 30: S138–S139.
4Meldrum, D., Shouldice, C., Conroy, R., Jones, K., Forward, M (2014). “Test-retest reliability of three dimensional gait analysis: including a novel approach to
visualising agreement of gait cycle waveforms with Bland and Altman plots.” Gait & posture 39(1): 265–71.
5Austin, M.S., Ghanem E., Joshi, A., Trappler, R., Parvizi, J., Hozack, W.J (2008). “The assessment of intraoperative prosthetic knee range of motion using two
methods.” The Journal of arthroplasty, 23(4): 515–21.
6Henriksen, M., Rosager, S., Aaboe, J., Graven-Nielsen, T., Bliddal, H (2011). “Experimental knee pain reduces muscle strength.” The journal of pain : official
journal of the American Pain Society 12(4):460–7.