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RIWC_PARA_A016 revised the transition from school to work of young adults with disabilities in occupational rehabilitation


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A016 revised the transition from school to work of young adults with disabilities in occupational rehabilitation

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RIWC_PARA_A016 revised the transition from school to work of young adults with disabilities in occupational rehabilitation

  1. 1. Young adults with disabilities in transition from school to work RI-World Congress 2016 Education and training October, 25th Nancy Reims Brigitte Schels
  2. 2. Occupational Rehabilitation of Young People with Disabilities 2
  3. 3. (special) school •often no schooling degree •rehabilitation counselling (Federal Employment Agency) 1 year before the end of school occupational rehabilitation (OR) •Psychological/medical reports to assess OR eligibility and needs during OR vocational training •different special training institutions: vocational training centres; centres for the rehabilitation of people with psychological disability etc. labour market integration •1st/2nd labour market •non-integration Occupational Rehabilitation (OR) of young people in Germany 3 Importance of certificates when accessing the German labour market Occupational rehabilitation (OR): ensure first labour market integration for young people with disabilities or health problems Main disabilities: learning, mental and psychological disability  Research questions: Are there different career patterns in school-to-work-transition of school graduates who take part in OR? Which factors determine the different career types?
  4. 4. Data Set 4
  5. 5. Reha-Process Data Panel: full sample of rehabilitants in first integration 5 Longitudinal data on the participation in reha-specific programmes Longitudinal data on the acceptance of the rehabilitation status „Reha-Process Data Panel“ Longitudinal data on the participation in general pogrammes „Integrated Employment Biographies“ (IEB) Individual information on employment Longitudinal data on unemployment and job- search Longitudinal data on receipt of basic income support Longitudinal data on unemployment benefit receipt Rehabilitation-specific information (since June 2006) General employment biographies Process information: e.g.Type of disability, transition information when completing OR Youth counselling data: special schools; school duration
  6. 6. Reha-Process Data Panel: longitudinal life course data 6 t Past school/ employment biographies OR programmes: preparation/training /subsidies Events following employment biographies Recognition sociodemographics; type of disability; regional vocational training market structure; reasons for completing OR; continual information on labour market status Medical/psychological report no information on: Extent of health restriction; occupational capabilities; subjective (health) measures Acceptance RegisterData
  7. 7. Method & sample 7 Sample (10% random sample of the full data set); N = 1,364 young people in OR who finished lower or medium secondary schooling in 2008 and took part in vocational counselling in the same year follow-up starting at the end of schooling for 66 months/5.5 years (July 2008 until December 2013) Method sequence analysis (optimal matching analysis, indel 1, substitution 2) using the ward-clustering method to identify typical patterns of trajectories 11 different states: unemployment, marginal and standard employment, preparation measures, voc. training measures: in-company training (subsidised & unsubsidised), external-company training, sheltered employment, job creation measures, other measures, no information
  8. 8. Results: six rather than seven cluster solution 8
  9. 9. vocational training clusters (1-3) 9 The classic: preparation plus company-external vocational training (n = 618; 45%) Company-internal training w/o wage subsidies: long training; successful transition (n = 100; 7%) Company-internal training incl. wage subsidies: high employment share (n = 102; 7%)
  10. 10. no vocational training clusters (4-6) 10 Sheltered Workshops: secondary labour market (n = 126; 9%) Unemployed/programme careers: Vocational preparation, no training, long unemployment periods (n = 247; 18%) The invisible: gaps, no employment transition (n = 171; 13%)
  11. 11. Characterizing the clusters… 11 …using multinomial logits (reference: classic) Dependent variables: 6 clusters Independent variables: sex, age, education, type of disability, regional structure in terms of vocational training market (2008), reason for completing OR (transition to employment, sickness, lack of cooperation etc.), labour market status before rehabilitation, poverty in the household (before rehabilitation)
  12. 12. Company-internal training incl. wage subsidies: Learning disability, completing rehabilitation due to employment, male Company-internal training without wage subsidies: <17 years, „highest“ schooling degree The classic: Learning disability, less reha completion due to sickness Second labour market: Mental/learning disabilities Unemployed/programme career: coming from poverty households The invisible: Female, psychological/mental disability; more often reha completion due to sickness Characterizing the clusters 12
  13. 13. Discussion & outlook 13  A large share of young people with disabilities and health restrictions take- up vocational training (about 60%) and employment afterwards; even company-internal training is used (14%)  Identification of two problematic types of trajectories in the transition from school to work (31%): invisible – psychological/mental issues & unemployment/programme career – coming from poverty households  Measuring outcome using the clusters: quality of employment (duration, occupational position, individual income/poverty measure etc.); general further employment biography  Adding 2014 to the analysis (labour market transition) + cohort comparison with graduates of 2009  Looking at a whole school graduates cohort: Comparison of rehabilitation with non-rehabilitation school graduates
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention! Dr. Nancy Reims Joblessness and Social Inclusion Institute for Employment Research +49-911-179-2824 The project is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
  15. 15. Backup
  16. 16. Research on young people with disabilities entering the labour market 16 Beyersdorf/Rauch 2012: biography of young persons in OR entering the labour market; using survey data & sequence analysis; 6 types of rehabilitation processes (preparation (classic), lagged preparation (classic), fit for vocational training (in-company training 2x), health problems, insecure (unempl.), other activities (gap)) Reims, Tisch & Tophoven, 2016: rising share of psychological disabilities in rehabilitation and rising use of preparation programmes; selection into different types of training programmes is associated to the type of disability and labour market integration is associated with the type of programme visited
  17. 17. Dendogram Titel der Folie 17
  18. 18. Determining the number of Clusters: 6 18