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RIWC_PARA_A014 specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation

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A014 specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation

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RIWC_PARA_A014 specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation

  1. 1. Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation RI World Congress 2016 Session “Inclusive societies” Edinburgh, 26 October 2016 Silke Tophoven Nancy Reims Anita Tisch
  2. 2. Occupational Rehabiliation for young adults with disabilities to obtain first labour market integration In Germany, occupational rehabilitation helps people with disabilities to return to work. Furthermore, it helps young adults with disabilities to obtain a first labor market integration. The group of these young adults often have learning disabilities (50%). In recent years, a growing number of people with psychological disabilities can be observed (20%). The transition from youth to adulthood contains several challenges. For vulnerable groups the challenges are even bigger, e.g. for adolescents with disabilities. The purpose of this study is to describe the specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation and the obstacles they have to overcome during their transition process from school to work. Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 2
  3. 3. Young adults with psychologcial disabilites/diseases  Psychological disabilities/diseases are a complex phenomenon  ‘Psychological disorders’ cover a wide range of diseases, such as for example schizophrenia, neurotic disorders, depression or addiction  With regard to first labor market integration, the episodic and persistent courses of most psychological diseases challenge affected persons as well as other involved parties Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 3
  4. 4. Data and Methods Mixed-methods approach: Administrative data of the German Federal Employment Agency: Representative information on all people starting occupational rehabilitation between 2007 and 2014 16 in-depth interviews with young adults in occupational rehabilitation: Allows for a description of their specific life context and their occupational rehabilitation process from an individual perspective Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 4
  5. 5. Results: Young people with psychological disabilites in comparison to the total population Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 5 With psychological disability (n = 8,577) Total population (n = 40,814) Sex: Male 61% 60% Female 39% 40% Age: under the age of 17 10% 20% 17 to 20 42% 56% 21 to 24 29% 16% 25 and older 19% 7% Educational level: no school leaving certificate 14% 15% graduation from special school 6% 29% lower secondary school certificate 44% 40% higher secondary school certificate 25% 11% university entrance qualification 9% 3% no information 2% 2% older higher educational level
  6. 6. Results: Status before occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 6 3 76 6 21 35 20 31 50 21 0 20 40 60 80 100 all (n=40,814) rehabilitants with psychological disabilities (n=8,577) in% other Employment Unemployment Career counseling and orientation School less often directly from school
  7. 7. Results: Transition into occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 7 The rehabilitands reflect the beginning of their disease, possible causes and the course of their diseases: With the beginning of a psychological disease, they often associate perceived overload as well as unsuccessful attempts to find vocational training or employment, critical family situations or typical problems during puberty. They experience long periods of illness and recovery after school or already during schooling.
  8. 8. Results: Transition into occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 8 „I tried to find a vocational training place and that did not work and at the end of schooling I had exam nerves and such things… and then I developed social phobia… actually I did nothing at all for about four years [in terms of vocational training] as I was in therapy“ (EEG_M_2014_II, male, 24 years old) „I quit school during the twelfth grade as I was absent too long. I attempt suicide and came into a psychiatric hospital. … Afterwards I came into a girl‘s living community with therapeutically support and therapy for two years.“ (EEG_E_2015, female, 24 years old)
  9. 9. Results: Vocational training as key element of occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 9  Almost 40 percent of young people with psychological disabilities visit vocational training programs during occupational rehabilitation.  Most young rehabilitants participate in integrative or cooperative vocational training measures, thus within vocational training centers (70%); especially those with psychological disabilities (76%)  Less young rehabilitants attain regular vocational training within a company (30%); among those with psychological disabilities 24%
  10. 10. Results: Vocational training as key element of occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 10  Almost 40 percent of young people with psychological disabilities visit vocational training programs during occupational rehabilitation.  Most young rehabilitants participate in integrative or cooperative vocational training measures, thus within vocational training centers (70%); especially those with psychological disabilities (76%).  Less young rehabilitants attain regular vocational training within a company (30%); among those with psychological disabilities 24%.
  11. 11. Results: Vocational training as key element of occupational rehabilitation Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 11 „Completing vocational training on the first labour market would possibly not be successful. … I would fail again. … I am not completely fit. … I would like to complete this vocational training [within the vocational training center]. (EEG_L_2015_IV, male, 25 years old)
  12. 12. Summary In comparison with the population of occupational rehabilitants in general, persons with psychological disabilities are older and have a higher educational level. They more often show disrupted paths after school caused by long time of illness and/or therapy and follow less institutionalised pathways into occupational rehabilitation. The biographical in-depth interviews show that the stabilization of their psychological diseases are essential before the process of occupational rehabilitation and occupational orientation. For young adults, completing vocational training is a key element within the process of occupational rehabilitation. Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 12
  13. 13. Conclusions The growing number of young adults with psychological disabilities challenges the German occupational rehabilitation system. Ongoing support as well as a good transition management seems to be central for the group of young adults with psychological disabilities. In addition, another challenge is to not only design the educational system but also the occupational rehabilitation process in a more inclusive manner. Specifics of young adults with psychological disabilities in occupational rehabilitation 13
  14. 14. www.iab.de Contact Silke Tophoven Institute for Employment Research silke.tophoven@iab.de Funding The project is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Thank you for your attention!

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