Full bk bike strategy 2011 12 sept opt2


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Full bk bike strategy 2011 12 sept opt2

  1. 1. Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Draft
  2. 2. Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Draft Gosford Community Engagement Hub http://haveyoursaygosford.com.au/ bikeplan2011 Gosford City Council cycleways website http://www.gosford.nsw.gov.au/road_safety Sep 2011 Gosford City Council 49 Mann Street, Gosford, NSW, 2250. Phone: 4325 8222 Fax: 4323 2477 Email: goscity@gosford.nsw.gov.au Website: www.gosford.nsw.gov.au Information marco.argolo@gosford.nsw.gov.auI
  3. 3. Overview 1  contentsIntroduction 3 Context 4 Background 5 Network Overview 8 Proposed Cycleway Link 9 the reason for planning 11Travel Patterns and Cycling Opportunities 13 Key transport Indicators 13 Journey to Work : travel & Parking 15 Bicycle Ownership & Journey to Work 18Network Principles 19 Network Challenges & Barriers to Cycling 19Prioritisation of works 21 Bicycle priority corridors 23 State and Local Government Strategies 25 Integration with Public transport & access to town Centres 27 Proximity to Main trip Generators 29 Summary of Strategic Objectives 32 Preliminary List of Proposed Works 33Related policies, plans and strategies 35 National and State Context 35 Local and regional Context 37Engineering considerations 39 Design Considerations: (a) Cycleway types 41 Design Considerations : (b) Signage & Markings & Information 43 Design Considerations: (c) Intersections 44 Design Considerations: (d) Environment 45 Design Considerations : (e) Sea Level rise 47 Implementation Considerations: End of trip facilities 47 Management Considerations: Maintenance 49Action Plan 51 Element 1 : Network Development & Maintenance 52 Element 2 : Safety 54 Element 3 : Cycling Promotion & Education 55 Element 4 : Planning 59 Element 5 : Integration with Public transport 61 Element 6 : funding 62Appendix A : Gosford Local Government Area Bicycle Maps 63 II
  4. 4. overview  the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 is Gosford City’s commitment to support initiatives that encourage more people within the local government area to cycle and to promote cycling as an integral part of daily life. Spike Milligan Bridge, Woy Woy. the bridge won first place in its category in the Civil Contractors federation NSW Earth awards in 2007.1
  5. 5. the plan provides strategic guidance in the delivery of a  overviewsafe, well connected and comfortable cycling environment,through a range of integrated and interdependent initiatives.these initiatives include recommended projects, programs andpolicies to encourage cycling for the next 10 years and beyond.This report is supported by comprehensive research and analysis of localcycling issues and opportunities.Input has been sought from the appropriate Council staff and key stakeholders during the preparation of this draftreport. further input will be sought from relevant community groups during the public exhibition period to ensurethat the greatest number of potential cyclists are encouraged to use the network.Particular priorities and targets of this plan include: Increase the mode share of bicycle trips made in In addition to its well known economical, social and the local government area to 5%1 by 2016 consistent environmental benefits, cycling is unique in that it is with the targets of the NSW State Plan 2010 2 able to combine affordable transport and recreation and 8% by 2031 with physical activity. One of the major contributors Increase the mode share o f bicycle trips as a mode to poor health in australia is physical inactivity. of travel to work from 0.4% in 20063 to 2.0% by 2016 and 5% by 2031 Increase the proportion of bicycle trips made to train stations: to 5% for Gosford and 8% for Woy Woy by 20314 Increase the proportion of parking - generally 3-5% bicycle parking provision rates5 for a range of land use types in new developments achieve good levels of safety, confidence and comfort for cyclists that ride in the city Promote the city as a destination for low-impact bicycle tourism.1 Source: Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 (Draft report) target: 5% mode share of bicycle trips of journeys ut to 5km in distance. See figure 2.1 Pg 132 Source: NSW State Plan annual Performance report 2010 (Better transport and Liveable Cities, Pg 5) target: 5% mode share of bicycle trips of journeys up to 10 Km in distance.3 Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006 (Method of travel to work) Derived from the Census question, ‘How did the person get to work on tuesday, 8 august 2006?’4 Source: railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics, Gosford Station and Woy Woy Station 2009 ticket Barrier List Count “average weekday”, See table 4.1 Pg 295 Source: NSW Planning guidelines for walking and cycling DOP 2004 (table 1. Suggested bicycle parking provision rates for different land-use types, Pg 44-50) Source: rMIt, 1999; austroads, 2005 2
  6. 6. Introduction With its proximity to central Sydney and its stunning natural setting, Gosford will become an outstanding place to live, work, study, and visit. Gosford City Centre Masterplan3
  7. 7.  introductionContextRegional Context Local Contextthe Gosford and Wyong Local Government areas Gosford Local Government area comprises a networkmake up the Central Coast of New South Wales. of villages which sit around the inland waterways and the coastline of the region.With its strategic and transport relationship to Sydney,Gosford is situated approximately 80km north of the It is important that the villages of Gosford areSydney, a 75 minute train ride from the Sydney CBD, interconnected, where people of all ages, incomes and Newcastleand 80 kilometres south of Newcastle. cultural backgrounds feel they belong to a community that is vibrant, diverse, safe, healthy and sustainable. It is this community connectivity, sustainability and attractiveness that this plan seeks to support. Gosford Penrith Parramatta Sydney Liverpool WollongongGosford City Centre Masterplan Gosford City Centre Masterplan 4
  8. 8. The Gosford City Vision for Cycling ”to promote cycling as an integral part of daily life by building a safe, attractive and well connected network, changing mindsets and offering a healthy, sustainable and affordable choice of travel.”5
  9. 9. “Our economy will be  introduction Physical inactivity is a majordiverse and robust linked contributor to poor health inby sustainable transport and australia. approximately half the australian population iscommunication networks.” insufficiently active, which(Comunity Vision, Gosford 2025 significantly increases their riskCommunity Strategic Plan) of cardiovascular disease, type 2Cycling has an important role in Gosford’s vision Diabetes and obesity. a lack ofto provide a range of accessible, multi-model physical activity also increasestransportation options that are sustainable and the risk of breast and bowelresponsive to current and future community needs. cancer, depression and anxiety. Cycling: Getting Australia Moving CPF (2008)Gosford City Council recognises the value ofcycling and is committed to supporting initiativesthat encourage more people to cycle in the localgovernment area. the bicycle catchment of public transport can be more thanBackground 20 times the area withinthe purpose of this planning document is to stimulate walking distance.productive debate of Gosford’s main challenges and New South Wales Bike Plan (2010)opportunities. It is also aimed at promoting cycling as asustainable alternative mode of transport that is energyefficient, and respond to relevant local and global the direct cost of physical activityissues such as obesity, congestion, affordable living, to the australian Health budget inclimate change and energy. 2006/07 was $1.49 billionthe study area of the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 Source: Econtech (2007)covers the Gosford Local Government area (LGa). 6
  10. 10. a previous plan for cycling in the region is the Gosford Cycleway Study prepared by GEOPLaN Planning in association with OVE arUP consultants. the study was prepared in 1986 and is now outdated in many areas. Consequently a new plan has become necessary. The aim and objectives of the 1986 study were:  a cycle system concentrating on the establishment of trunk routes linking the City Centre, the Peninsula and Coastal strip  ‘making cycling safer, more convenient and promoting use of the bicycle as a viable transport alternative. Since the release of the 1986 report, Council has maintained its c ommitment to the provision of bicycle related infrastructure. the current document that guides Council’s investment in cycling is the Gosford City Cycleways Map (fig 1.1). the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 has been designed as a living document that changes to meet the evolving needs of the City. It incorporates the aim and objectives of the 1986 study and provides a snapshot of current cycling patterns and opportunities along with the barriers and challenges to cycling. It also delivers a set of parameters to assist Council in the prioritisation of future works and presents engineering considerations related to the design, implementation and management of cycleway related infrastructure. the strategy’s action Plan sets out a series of actions that support the development of the proposed cycleway network and will help Council to achieve the targets identified by this plan. the six elements forming the action plan are:  Element 1 Network Development and Maintenance  Element 2 Safety  Element 3 Promotion/Education  Element 4 Planning  Element 5 Integration with Public transport  Element 6 funding the overarching elements that form this document’s action Plan are dependent upon one another and should be addressed in an integrated and coordinated way to deliver the required infrastructure, and effectively increase bicycle participation within the Gosford LGa.7
  11. 11. Network Overview the approximate length of the cycleway network is:  introduction Off Road On Roadthe Gosford City bicycle network is extensive and plays Cycleways Cyclewaysan important role in connecting major destinations (Shared Paths/ (Bicycle lanes/ Bicycle Paths) road shoulders)within town centres, villages and the Gosford City As Built 44 km 22 kmCentre. the network also links the public transport Proposed 50 km 147 kmsystem, serves local activities, and provides accessbetween residential areas and nearby schools. Total: 263 kmMany local residential streets are already safe Council also promotes the sustainable use of designatedenvironments for cycling. additional investigations mountain bike tracks within natural bushland reserves.will be required on the existing routes to ensure they the existing Council managed bush reserves withcomply with safety standards and other requirements. appropriate mountain bike trails are Kincumba Mountain, rumbalara and Katandra reserves.a large existing and proposed on/off road regionalcycleway network has been identified and placed on for detailed information on Council’s cycleway routes,the Gosford City Cycleways Map (figure 1.1). please refer to detailed individual maps in Appendix 1.Gosford City Cycleways Map GOSFORD CITY CYCLEWAYS MAP 2 I  NIAGARA PARK  2 I LISAROW  Æ The Entrance To Wyong I Æ2 & Tweed Heads & Newcastle WEST GOSFORD Parry Dr NARARA  2 I Henry Pa GOSFORD cif ic eet SOMERSBY Hw Mann Str y MOUNT ELLIOT WYOMING HOLGATE  Æ Donnison St MATCHAM FORRESTERS BEACH  Æ FORRESTERS BEACH F G NORTH GOSFORD WEST GOSFORD   Æ 2 I  Æ GOSFORD The En trance Rd ERINA HEIGHTS WAMBERAL   Ocean View Dr ÆÆ SPRINGFIELD Terrigal Dr EAST GOSFORD  Æ KARIONG POINT CLARE ERINA Karalta Rd TERRIGAL - I Avoca Dr POINT FREDERICK  2 I  Æ  Æ TASCOTT  2 I Æ GREEN POINT r PICKETTS VALLEY rD NORTH AVOCA te y w Wa H ic en ne Sc s ba Bri Avoca Dr Avoca I 2 Dr Ca KOOLEWONG pe YATTALUNGA Thre AVOCA BEACH eP oin WOY WOY BAY KINCUMBER ts R SARATOGA d Cullens Rd KINCUMBER SOUTH 2 I   Æ DAVISTOWN COPACABANA PHEGANS BAY ST HUBERTS ISLAND HORSFIELD BAY WOY WOY MACMASTERS BEACH F G BENSVILLE EMPIRE BAY Dr y Ba e BLACKWALL DALEYS POINT pir Em BOOKER BAY ETTALONG BEACH BOUDDI KILLCARE UMINA BEACH WAGSTAFFE M KILLCARE HEIGHTS PRETTY BEACHPATONGA HARDYS BAY Palm Beach & BOX HEAD Sydney PEARL BEACH Legend0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometres Cycleways Status  Bike Lockers - I Information Centres Note: This information should not be used for purposes other than indicative mapping. Off Road (Constructed) Bike Racks Æ F G Hospitals Off Road (Proposed) Waterways The Accuracy and Currency of the Information can not be guaranteed. This information should not be copied and is covered by international copyright law On Road (Constructed) 2 I Railway Stations Open Spaces Railway Lines July 2009 8 On Road (Proposed)
  12. 12. Some of the bicycle facilities in Gosford LGa are truly first rate cycling infrastructure, providing a high “level of service” to commuter and recreational cyclists. Spike Milligan Bridge, Woy Woy9 (Source: rta)
  13. 13. Proposed Cycleway Link, Gosford to Point Clare (Source: Gosford City Centre Master plan) facilities  first rate Waterfront Cycleway, DavistownWaterfront Gosford (Source: GCC) 10
  14. 14. The Reason for Planning the objective of this plan is to provide guidance for the provision of a safe and connected cycleway network for the local government area and to encourage cycling as a convenient, sustainable and healthy way to travel to work and enjoy the region. the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2011 will be a guide for planning and investment in bicycle related facilities in the region. furthermore, the application of the plan will support regional economic and social development by encouraging low impact cycle tourism and better community interaction and health through the promotion of physical activity. Benefits of Cycling Regional Growth & Cycling has many benefits, it: Demographic Data  Can reduce traffic congestion the Central Coast Regional Strategy 2006–2031 sets  Has virtually no carbon footprint out a framework to guide sustainable growth  Can increase mobility for those who don’t within the region over the next 20 years. It have access to motor transport. provides a plan to accommodate the additional  Is affordable and accessible. 100,000 people expected to be living in the  Can be faster than walking, transit or motor region by 2031. the strategy supports creating vehicles for short trips the capacity for over 18,000 jobs in the Gosford  Is an energy efficient and renewable powered local government area, including 6,000 jobs in mode of transport Gosford CBD and 12,000 jobs in the remaining  Can improve health condition and reduce centres, suggesting a high increase in recreational health costs and commuter travelling over the next 20 years.  Can reduce road construction and maintenance costs (+10,000 residents) (+6000 residents)  Is a more efficient use of space  Can enhance social interchange and cohesion, and build social capital  Is an attractive transport option to rail links and other transport nodes Source: Gosford City Centre Masterplan11 Figure 3.18 - New Housing Figure 3.16 - Employment Distribution
  15. 15. Studying the demography of the area reveals a broader  introductionunderstanding of the current and future levels of usage andinfrastructure requirements.the current estimated population for Gosford (as of However, the age groups between 18 and 59 areMarch 2010) is 166,626 persons. predicted as remaining the largest age demographic groups in Gosford LGa . Consequently, this group is aas shown in the Gosford forecast age Structure major potential user group of the cycleway network.the number of children aged beeteen 12 to 17 is this working age group is more likely to use thenearly 15,000. cycleways as commuters and is more likely to switchIn 2031, the number of people aged over 60 is expected their journeys to work from private cars to bicycles.to increase to 50,923, which will be over a quarter of the provision of bicycle infrastructure will be targetedthe population. to simultaneously accommodate the needs of allthis suggests that provision of off-road cycleways major potential user groups. accordingly, the mainwith safe and easy access should remain an important purpose of this strategy is to provide access to work,component of this strategy, accommodating the public transport, recreation, education, goods andneeds of people with mobility limitations, including services, and family and friends.the young and elderly. GosfordGosford Forecast Age Structure Forecast Age Structure 2006* 2016 2021 2031 40000 35000 30000Number of Persons 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 0 to 4 5 to 11 12 to 17 18 to 24 25 to 34 35 to 49 50 to 59 60 to 69 70 to 84 85 years years years years years years years years years years & over Age Group (years) * Actual ABS Census Data 12
  16. 16. Travel Patterns and Cycling opportunites the Household travel Survey is the largest and most comprehensive source of information on the travel patterns of residents of the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area (GMa) which includes the Gosford Statistical Subdivision. Key Transport Indicators figure 2.1 indicates that a significant proportion of all trips (60%) made in the Sydney GMa are less than 5 km in distance and that the most dominant mode of transport for short trips (up to 5 km) is the private motor vehicle (60%).. Figure 2.1 – Sydney Trips by Distance and Transport Mode Source: 2008/09 Household travel Survey Summary report (tDC), table 4.4.4 Proportion of all trips by distance (Sydney GMA) Gosford City 2016 Target for bicycles 5-10km 17% (Bicycles 5% of trips up to 5km) 10-20km 13% Up to 5km 60% Public More than Transport 20km Bicycles Public 8% 10% 0% Transport Vehicles 23% 60% Other 1% Walk only 30% Walk only 0% Vehicles 76% Bicycles Other 1% 1% Proportion of trips Proportion of trips (Up to 5km) by mode (More than 20km) by mode13
  17. 17.  travel patterns & cycling opportunitiesan analysis of car trips by purpose is provided in figure the above data indicates that a significant proportion2.2 which shows that motorised travel for commuting of all trips currently made by private vehicles could beand education has a significant effect on am/pm peak comfortably made by bicycle. the data also suggestshour traffic. that increased commuter cycling, including bicycle trips to transport and schools, could help reduce theIn addition, recent data from austroads shows that level of traffic congestion during peak periods.close to 40% of all private car trips made in australia Source: rMIt, 1999; austroads, 2005are less than 3 km in distance.figure 2.2 – Sydney motorised trips for selected purposes by time of day, average weekday, 2008/09.Source: 2008/09 Household travel Survey Summary report (tDC), page 17 Commute WRB Education/Childcare Drop-off/Pick-up Discretionary 8:00am 12:00noon 3:30pm 5:30pm 250,000 Commute 200,000Number of travellers 150,000 100,000 Education / Childcare 50,000 0 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm 11pm 12pm 1am 2am 3am 4am 5am 6am 7am 8am 9am 12am 12am 10am 11am Motorised travel only 14
  18. 18. Travel to Work & Rail according to the australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006, the predominant mode of travel to work in Gosford is by private motor vehicle, with 63.5% of all journeys to work made by car, while walking (2.2%) and cycling (0.4%) were significantly less popular (Fig 2.3). analysis of the method of travel to work of the residents in Gosford City in 2006 compared to the Sydney Statistical Division shows that a larger percentage of people used a private vehicle as method of travel to work, while a smaller percentage of people walked, cycled and used public transport. furthermore according to the results of an interview survey undertaken by Gta Consultants in 2008 at Gosford railway Station, the most dominant mode of transport used by rail commuters was the private car (73%), with 59% as drivers and 14% being dropped off, followed by bus (16%) and walking (9 %). figure 2.3 & 2.4 provides a detailed breakdown of transport mode used by rail commuters to Gosford Station. the Gta survey also indicates that 72% of drivers drove to the station alone. In addition, 53% of all respondents originated from within the postcode area 2250, which includes Gosford and its surrounding suburbs. the data in figure 2.3 & 3.4 shows ‘Car–as driver’ as the predominant mode of transport to work and to the railway station in Gosford, representing a high potential demand for more commuter cycling and less car usage.15
  19. 19.  travel patterns & cycling opportunities figure 2.3 – Mode of travel to work. Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2006 figure 2.4 – Transport Mode to Gosford Station - June 2008 Source: Gosford Parking Study, final report, Gta Consultants 70% 59% No. of responses = 464 60% 50%% responses 40% 30% 20% 16% 14% 9% 10% 1% 0% Car (drive) Drop off Bus Taxi Walk Cycle Other Mode of travel 16
  20. 20. Central Coast region has one of the highest rates of bike ownership in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area17
  21. 21. Bicycle Ownership & Journey to Work  travel patterns & cycling opportunitiesaccording to the aBS Census 2006 and as shown in Table 2.1 the Central Coast region has one of the highestrates of bike ownership in the Sydney Greater Metropolitan area, suggesting a significant interest in cyclingand considerable potential for increased participation .On the other hand, the 2006 Census also indicates that the rate of cycling for journey to work by residents actuallydeclined in the Gosford region from 2001 to 2006.Developing the Draft Gosford Bike Strategy 2010 is an important step towards increasing bicycle participation.Source: australian Bureau of Statistics Cencus 2006, Journey to Worktable 2.1 - Gosford City Centre Future Parking TargetsSource: Gosford Parking Study, final report, Gta Consultants Statistical Bicycles Resident Bicycles Bike Trips* SSD Share of Subdivision Bike Trips* Per Household Bicycles Bike Trips Inner Sydney 79,001 14,752 0.56 0.11 5.3% 11.2% Eastern Suburbs 62,296 7,438 0.61 0.07 4.2% 5.7% Inner Western Sydney 48,082 5,512 0.75 0.09 3.2% 4.2% Lower Northern Sydney 87,674 8,865 0.70 0.07 5.9% 6.8% Canterbury - Bankstown 73,164 9,022 0.69 0.08 4.9% 6.9% Central Northern Sydney 166,710 12,748 1.19 0.09 11.3% 9.7% Northern Beaches 102,330 9,591 1.14 0.11 6.9% 7.3% St George - Sutherland 166,528 14,902 1.03 0.09 11.3% 11.4% Central Western Sydney 80,219 5,636 0.75 0.05 5.4% 4.3% fairfield - Liverpool 100,961 9,850 0.91 0.09 6.8% 7.5% Outer Western Sydney 165,693 10,878 1.52 0.10 11.2% 8.3% Outer Sth Western 91,473 4,691 1.17 0.06 6.2% 3.6% Blacktown 105,732 5,775 1.16 0.06 7.1% 4.4% Gosford - Wyong 150,259 11,589 1.27 0.10 10.2% 8.8% Total Sydney SD 1,480,120 131,249 0.96 0.08 100.0% 100.0% 18
  22. 22. Network Principles the Gosford City Cycleway Network principles are:  Link popular destinations with local residential areas  Be consistent and uninterrupted  Be easy to use and provide clear direction along the route  Have a consistent quality of cycling facilities along the route  Be easy to find  avoid long detours and balance against problems of topography  Ensure bike riders are able to maintain a safe, comfortable and consistent operating speed  Safely accommodate bike riders, pedestrians and vehicles  Be enjoyable to ride and well maintained. Network Challenges and Barriers to Cycling although Council has maintained a strong commitment to the provision of new cycleways and achieved good results in many areas, improved coordination is required to overcome the major network challenges and cycling barriers that hold back cycle travel in the Gosford LGa. Network Challenges Strategy Disconnected/partially  Keep up the development of cycleway infrastructure and give priority to routes completed cycle routes connecting to the city and main town centres “not accessing town centres/railway stations” Challenging topography  review existing routes and develop solutions that manage hilly terrain. Solutions may include bike racks on buses that run across particularly hilly areas and wider on road bike paths with appropriate physical separation from motor vehicles Inadequate end of  Create an end-of-trip facilities program to address identified deficiencies trip facilities Incompatible bicycle  Promote uniformity of construction standards and upgrade of non conformant facilities existing facilities19
  23. 23.  principles, challenges & barriers to cycling Network Challenges Strategy Inadequate connections  Promote coordination between neighbouring councils in the delivery of bicycle between local projects government areas Inadequate interaction  Increase communication between state and local government to deliver cycle infrastructure Population age  Provide suitable amenities for older users and advertise the health benefits of cycling Insufficient and  Provide bicycle related signposting that complies with the NSW Bicycle Guidelines inadequate information Safety  Develop bicycle safety education programs  Provide safe and appropriate cycling facilities Low commuter cycleway  Provide more commuter targeted cycleway links/routes network usage  Promote cycling among the general public  advertise and promote the use of new cyclewaysthe Ecological Model of Physical Activity identified by the Cycling Promotion fund report Cycling: Getting Australia Movingtakes the view that environments can either support or restrict healthy behaviour and describes a range of significantbarriers to cycling. Gosford City Council will work closely with state and federal agencies to identify and address thefactors that restrict physical activity and contribute to the ever-increasing car dependency, as shown in Figures 3.1 & 3.2. Individual factors Social/Environment factors  confidence  time/opportunity  cultural values and norms  motivation  perceived benefits/ barriers  socioeconomic status  knowledge  enjoyment Safety Individual  perceived safety  safe environment Behaviour Environmental factors Public regulatory factors  urban design  speed limits  bike infrastructure  motor vehicle access  urban design & DensityFigure 3.1 Ecological Model of Physical activity.Source: adapted from CyclingL Getting australia Moving, CPf 2008Figure 3.2 the effects of ever increasing car use on walking and cycling to school. Source: Dora and Phillips, 2000 20
  24. 24. Prioritisation of Works this section has been developed to assist Council in prioritising future cycleway related works and to provide a better understanding of the network context, purpose and opportunities.21
  25. 25. feedback from relevant council staff and key community stakeholders has identified a number of key priorities in  prioritisation of worksthe prioritisation of cycling infrastructure. further input will be sought from the community during the publicexhibition period.Identified key cycling infrastructure priorities are: Closure of gaps in network’s priority corridors Completion of NSW Bikeplan strategic corridors and preferred cycleway links of the Gosford City Centre Masterplan. Integration with public transport and access to the main city centres Proximity to main demand/trip generators Level of service (quality of existing and proposed facilities) reduce environmental impacts of car dependency (commuter and recreational)Diagram 4.1 shows how the above key priorities will assist Council in the prioritisation of future cycleway relatedworks (Subsections 4.1 to 4.4).the prioritisation process can be assisted by the Bikeability toolkit Route Based Checklist developed by travel Smartaustralia. the checklist allows the assessment and comparison of key proposed links in the cycleway network.Diagram 4.1 Key Infrastructure Priorities Prioritisation of cycling infrastructure Closure of Gaps (Network’s Priority Corridors) Completion of NSW Bike Plan Network Section 4.2 Section 4.1 Integration with Public transport Proximity to Main trip Generators Section 4 .4 Section 4.3 Level of Service (Existing & Proposal facilities) reduced Environmental Impacts of Car Dependency Highest Priority High Priority 22
  26. 26. Bicycle Priority Corridors (Closure of Gaps) Bicycle priority corridors regional routes have been identified by a Bike Plan Consultation team during the preparation of this report and will be further developed during community consultation and stakeholder workshops. the bicycle corridors are comprised of existing and proposed facilities that provide general bicycle mobility throughout the City. the corridors will cater for all major user groups and trip types, including commuter, recreational and trips to schools and shops. these cross-city corridors create a continuous network that promotes connection to surrounding regional areas and links communities within the City. the ability to identify “the gaps” (dotted lines) along the priority corridors is a key step to delivering a connected network. these proposed priority corridors are to be well connected and each ought to provide safe and reasonably direct ways of travelling from one destination to the next. an important factor in giving priority to cycleway projects is whether the project helps to complete a priority bicycle corridor. therefore, the bicycle corridor framework will be used to assist in decision-making during the prioritisation process. Most stakeholders held the view that the closure of gaps in these regional routes is one of the highest priorities. there are three types of routes within the Gosford Cycleway Network, each with its own network function as shown in the table below. regional routes (A-Routes) Local routes (B-Routes) Bicycle friendly streets “High Priority“ “Medium Priority“ and neighbourhoods Connectivity between LGa town Connectivity between residential Local access to local residences centres and neighbouring Local street to regional routes Government areas23
  27. 27.  bicycle priority corridors GOSFORD BICYCLE PRIORITY CORRIDORS Regional Corridors - regional routes Gosford Bicycle PriorityRoutes � 2 I � 2 I To�Wyong I The�Entrance &�Newcastle � 2 I Pa cif ic� Gosford - Wyong Connection Hw y A-ROUTE North - West Connection Erinal-The Entrance Connection A-ROUTE A-ROUTE � � I GOSFORD Coastal Route �� A-ROUTE Terrigal�D r Gosford-Erina-Terrigal Connection A-ROUTE - I Avoca�Dr Brisbane Water Loop I � I r r�D ate e�WWoy Woy - Gosford Connection ban “COMPLETED” Bris Avoca� Dr A-ROUTE Saratoga-Davistown-Kincumber-Erina Connection Avoca� I A-ROUTE Dr I � A-ROUTE Peninsula to Woy Woy Connection (City Centre/Rail/Ferry) A-ROUTE Umina to Ettalong Ferry Connection B-ROUTE Palm�Beach & Sydney 0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometresfigure 4.1 – Gosford Bicycle Priority Corridors 24
  28. 28. State & Local Government Strategies a. The NSW BikePlan 2010 released in May 2010 outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over the next ten years.  the NSW Bike Plan states: In Gosford the shared path around Brisbane Water will be completed, and the feasibility of a new connection between Point Clare and Gosford investigated along the rail line. Cycleways will be extended along the Central Coast Highway, Terrigal Drive, Avoca Drive and the Pacific Highway between Gosford and Ourimbah see Figure 4.3. B. The Gosford City Masterplan provides a development framework to guide the revitalisation of Gosford City Centre. It proposes a large increase in population and employment and provides an opportunity to integrate cycling into the city centre. In the Gosford City Centre urban renewal area a permeable network for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport will be created to enable the movement of people, not cars. Where achievable, localised pedestrian, bicycle and public transport only roads will be used to achieve a fully permeable, safe environment for residents, workers and visitors. the Bike Strategy identifies the completion of State and Local Government strategies as one of the highest priorities. Location of proposed cycleways links are shown on figures 4.2 & 4.3. figure 4.2: Proposed Gosford City Centre Bicycle Network Souce: Gosford City Centre Masterplan25
  29. 29.  completion of NSW strategic network PROPOSED STATE STRATEGIC NETWORK Proposed State Strategic Network - NSW Bike Plan 2010 NSW BIKE PLAN 2010 I Shared Path around Brisbane Water To�Wyong I &�Newcastle Gosford - Point Clare Cycleway Link The�Entrance Central Coast Highway Pa cif ic� Hw Terrigal Drive y Avoca Drive Pacific Highway between Gosford and Ourimbah GOSFORD Terrigal�D r - I Avoca�Dr I � I r r�D ate e�W ban Bris Avoca� Dr Avoca� I Dr I � Palm�Beach & Sydney 0 0.5 1 2 3 Kilometresfigure 4.3: NSW Bike Plan Cycling Network 26
  30. 30. Integration with Public Transport & Access to Town Centres the Cycling Promotion fund report Cycling: Getting australia Moving identifies three (3) “key Areas” for encouraging the community to integrate bicycle and public transport. the identified three Key areas are: Key area 1. Safe Cycleway Routes to Public Transport & Town Centres:  an integrated network of bicycle routes leading to major train stations and selected high volume bus stops can substantially increase the catchment area of public transport (up to 17 times the walking catchment). austroads and current Sydney statistics identify the average distance travelled over a typical 10 minute bicycle trip as 3.3km. figure 4.3 suggests that if a person lives within the cycleway catchment area and travels to one of the Gosford LGa centres, then they are more likely to ride to work or transport hubs at least a few days a week. Key area 2. Secure Bicycle Parking/End of Trip Facilities:  Once commuters have cycled to work or public transport, they will require a secure place to lock their bicycle. Section 6.2 Implementation considerations and Element 7.5 of this strategy’s action plan outlines Council’s initiatives for provision of appropriate end-of-trip facilities. Key area 3. Taking bicycles on public transport:  Provision for bicycles on public transport will encourage more people to use bicycle and public transport travel. Initiatives for taking bicycles on public transport can be seen in Element 7.5 of this strategy’s action plan. the above key area approaches to encourage more people to integrate bicycle and public transport travel have all been shown to be effective methods of encouraging cycling, with a high level of applicability to the Gosford context due to its low density land use. “The bicycle catchment of public transport can be more than 20 times the area within walking distance.” New South wales Bike Plan (2010)27
  31. 31.  integration with public transport Catchment Area of Gosford Cycleway Network (Main Centres)Figure 4.4: Cycling Catchment area (Up to17 times the Walking Catchment area) 28
  32. 32. Proximity to Main Trip Generators Each day in Gosford, thousands of people travel by car towards trip generators to accomplish their activities: work, study, rail travel, health care, shopping, etc. Consequently these trips have an effect on the transportation network linked to these places. the placement of direct, safe and attractive cycleway routes to access main trip generators within Gosford Local Government area can alleviate the impact of car traffic on the existing road network and associated car parks. fig 4.5 indicates the travel Zone of Employment areas within Gosford LGa with higher concentration of jobs. furthermore, according to data provided by railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics, on an average weekday approximately 10 thousand people enter/exit Gosford and Woy Woy railway Stations each day as shown in table 4.1. the Map index in appendix 1 also shows the location of other major trip generators including schools, hospitals and sportsgrounds. these Maps clearly show the areas where most people travel each day in Gosford and locations of potential higher demand for cycling. table 4.1: 2009 Gosford & Woy Woy rail Station ticket Barrier List Count (average weekday) Source: railCorp and Bureau of transport Statistics Rail Station 24 Hour Count during 2009 2031 Target for Bicycle Trips & Parking In % Before 9:30am Out % of Trips 2009 Count Gosford 5120 62.3% 5120 5% 256 WoyWoy 4750 74.1% 4750 8% 38029
  33. 33. Ourimbah  proximity to main trip generators Figure 4.5: People Who Work in the Central Coast by travel Zone of Employment Niagara Park Source: tDC JtW06 table 007 Lisarow Narara Gosford (+ 5120) Daily trips to Point Clare Gosford Rail Station Tascott Koolewong Woy Woybyne Macmasters Beach (+ 4750) Daily trips to Woy Woy Rail Stationonga Legend Jobsttwater 1 - 100 101 - 500 501 - 1500 1501 - 3000 3001 - 4500 4500 or more CityRail Network 02 1.25 .5 57 .5 10 Arterial Road Kilometres Disclaimer While all care is taken in pro ducing and publishi ng this work, no Travel Zones 2006 responsibility is taken or warranty ma de with re spect to the accura cy of any informa tion, dat a or represent ation. The authors (including copyright owners) and publishers expr essly disclaim all liability in respect of anything done or om itted to be done and the Local Government Area Boundary consequen ces upon re liance of the content s of this information. Green Open Space Pro duced by NSWTI, Transport Data Cent re, Req10/161 Date 29/ 04/201 0 30
  34. 34. 31
  35. 35.  summary of strategic prioritiesSummary of Strategic Objectivesthe prioritisation framework will enhance the delivery of theGosford cycleway network by ensuring works are prioritised wherethey are most needed and aligned with population forecasts.analysis of this section’s key infrastructure priorities supports the development of the bicycle network within the city’smain town centres as well as placing a high priority on bicycle corridors that connect these communities.radial access links feeding into the inner town centres as well as completing the priority corridors will enhance theutilisation of resources and promote the delivery of economic returns through increased bicycle travel and highernetwork usage.The hierarchy of Strategic Objectives is:table 4.2 Strategic Objectives is: Objective  Complete the cycleway network that services the town centres and railway stations at Gosford 1&2 “Priority 1” and Woy Woy “Priority 2” as shown in fig 4.4: Catchment Area. Provision of separate cycling facilities should be aimed in the vicinity of the main trip generators  at both Gosford and Woy Woy, develop the cycleway networks with the waterfront and railway station being major destination. Objective  Complete the Bicycle Priority Corridors “Closure of Gaps”. Priority be given in accordance with the 3 adopted criteria, a-routes followed by B-routes and local streets as per Section 4.1 (figure 4.1). In particular the priority corridors connecting the regional City to Erina, terrigal and then along a coastal route to the Entrance. Objective  Provide, require and encourage end-of-trip facilities at identified main trip generators, particularly 4 major transport and employment nodes, shopping/commercial precincts, and schools. Secure parking is argued to be a key factor influencing the decision to cycle. 32
  36. 36. Preliminary List of Proposed Works GOSFORD CITY C a preliminary list of proposed works has been prepared for Strategic Objectives 1 and 2 and is subject to further evaluation and availability of funds. � I recommendations are grouped into proposed short term (to 2016), medium term (to 2021) and long term (to 2036) NIAGARA PARK time frames for development and implementation. Costs are not provided and will be subject to further investigation. table 4.2: recommended works (Strategic Priority 1) Source: Extracted from Gosford City Centre tMaP To�Wyong Work No. Description &�Newcastle time frame 1 Gosford to Point Clare waterfront cycleway Medium-Long-term 2 I Connection between waterfront and NARARA along Vaughan avenue, Baker Mann Street, Short-term Street Boulevard and Donnison Street Pa cif ic� 3 Cycleway along Mann Street between Dane Drive and Etna Street Short-term Hw SOMERSBY y 4 Widen cycleway from East Gosford to Gosford Waterfront along York Street Short-term 5 racecourse road to Holden Street via Sinclair Street Short-term WYOMING 6 Create cycleway racecourse road between faunce Street West and Dane Drive Short-term 7 Cycleway across bridge connecting to the West Gosford Industrial Estate Long-term 8 Cycleway between intersection of racecourse road / faunce Street West, Short-term continuing north along Showground road. table 4.7: recommended Works 7 8 NORTH GOSFORD (Strategic Priority 1) 5 3 WEST GOSFORD 6 I GOSFORD 2 SP 1 4 EAST GOSFORDARIONG POINT CLARE 33 POINT FREDERICK vo