The Right To Literacy In Secondary Schools2

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The Right To Literacy In Secondary Schools2

  1. 1. THE Right TO Literacy IN Secondary Schools CREATING A CULTURE OF THINKING EDITED BY Suzanne Plaut FOREWORD BY Theodore R. Sizer Marcia Morris Introduction & Part I (11-61)
  2. 2. Literacy as a Civil Right <ul><li>If we do not educate our students, we rob them of a future </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy is used to give students the “ability to use his or her intelligence to make sense of and engage with the world” (Introduction, p. 1) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literacy as a Civil Right cont. <ul><li>“ Literacy enables students to have a voice, take a stand, and make a difference ” (p. 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy encourages students “ to probe, challenge, push, and question ” (p. 14) </li></ul><ul><li>Students who do not read, do not think, those who do not think, do not question, those who do not question fall for anything </li></ul>
  4. 4. Literacy as a Civil Right cont. <ul><li>Literacy opens the door to being aware of things in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Students are more aware of their surroundings and events </li></ul><ul><li>They are more favorable at interviews and can hold conversations </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gettin’ It <ul><li>Introducing a new topic </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use a KWL chart and discuss responses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight what will be covered and most important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce vocabulary- begin to use the language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not spend a lot of time reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cover essential information and discuss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compare responses and make constructive arguments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure everyone is heard and feels respected </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Gettin’ It cont. <ul><li>Extend your time </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Although tests are important, it as just as important to spend time making sure students are really gettin’ it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hold discussions; to get students to begin to question and evaluate even in core subjects (p. 15) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be a participant in the discussion and take minutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students will begin to rethink things they have said </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Making the connection <ul><li>No matter the content area, literacy is important </li></ul><ul><li>As a science teacher, students are challenged regularly to (p. 3): </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>actively engage in conversation- find reading level and student friendly resources on the topic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thoroughly think – think before presenting your argument and make it connect </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Making the connection cont. <ul><li>Discuss what they have read- for a deeper understanding, students should be encourage to discuss core concepts to compare ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Increase their independence- allow student s to make mistakes; allow them time to make the content personal </li></ul>
  9. 9. Making the connection cont. <ul><li>Move beyond the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Access- find information outside of the class to show connections; find the most recent and reliable sources utilizing tools students will appreciate including electronic tools </li></ul><ul><li>Power to participate in a democracy- in my class students wrote to elected officials about pollution and ways to save the planet </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ms. Morris’ class <ul><li>Have students analyze </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider other ways of thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in discussion- improving social and communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In my class, I… (p. 53-55) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage students to question everything. By questioning, they aren't afraid of the information and are open to more information or ways to think. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. A Collaborative Effort <ul><li>Work with your colleagues, not against them </li></ul><ul><li>Although I teach Science, I invest in engaging students in real thinking, reading, writing, and discussion (p. 5) </li></ul><ul><li>I work with the history department to link original inventions and the inventors to technological advancements of today </li></ul>
  12. 12. A Collaborative Effort cont. <ul><li>Hold each other accountable, but be patient </li></ul><ul><li>Students need to see a cooperative effort amongst staff including administration </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating students, and providing additional support to everyone increases their success (p. 31) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank You

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