Digital Literacy    and Learning Styles <ul><ul><li>JALTCALL 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 6  Toyo Gakuen Universit...
Digital Natives?
Digital Literacy <ul><li>USA  56%   (2005)‏ </li></ul>
“ Digital Literacy” is too simple a term Computer literacy Computer   literacy Access  to tools  (hardware  and  software)...
Computer Ownership Rates  Percentage of Students with Computers (and Internet)‏ 75%
Digital Device Ownership Rates  Digital Devices in 2007-09 (Incoming 1 st  Year Students)‏ -- 3% 6% Sony PSP 26% 27% 12% N...
Digital Learning Experience   Digital Learning Literacy in 2007-08 (Incoming 1 st  Year Students)‏ 57% -- -- Social Networ...
Digital Writing Experience   In  2007-09 (Incoming 1st Year Students) 42 % 31 % 55 % Written an e-mail in English 62 % -- ...
Digital Device Ownership   Students and  Teachers in 2009  1/10 26% Nintendo DS 7/10 (only 2 use for language study) 49% M...
Internet Learning Experience  Internet Use in Language Learning in 2009 9/10 -- Reading through the Internet 6/10 45% List...
Digital Learning Experience     Technology for learning in 2009 6/10 (only 2 in target language) 22% Use Skype 2/10 22% Li...
Teachers as Learners… <ul><li>Show a wide range of individual tool use (traditional, desktop and mobile) </li></ul><ul><ul...
“ I don’t use technology very often but I encourage students to.” <ul><ul><li>“ I’m a paid member at Audible.com. I also r...
Problems with encouraging new tools and techniques for learning Culture of Technology Culture of Learning
Culture of Technology <ul><li>PC familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Typing </li></ul><ul><li>Mp3 players: music or more? </li><...
Culture of Learning <ul><li>Teacher-centeredness </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on tests </li></ul><ul...
Hubbard (2004)‏ <ul><li>Experience CALL yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Give learners teacher training </li></ul><ul><li>Use a ...
Our Approach for Implementation <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize  (Multi-course and req...
Our Strategy <ul><li>Teach and promote tool use  in ,  across  and  beyond  3 courses </li></ul>
Goals <ul><li>Improve computer literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Improve computer learning literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Promote lea...
Subjects <ul><li>18 (20 at start) 1 st  year students in the lowest proficiency class at a junior college in Yokohama. </l...
Tools <ul><li>Blogs: As writing tool; web presence; personal learning space </li></ul><ul><li>Various Web 2.0 Tools:  </li...
Institutionalize and Immerse Writing 2  (1 × 90 min.)‏ Blogs  (but only 1 posting  required; more encouraged)‏ Workshop  (...
Results: Blogs vs. Journals 0% 6% 6% 50% 37% Improved 0% 6% 19% 31% 44% Enjoyed 0% 6% 6% 50% 37% Tried hard Blogs 6% 0% 0%...
Results: Blog Difficulty <ul><li>By the end of the course… </li></ul>0% 28% 61% 0% 11% Difficulty Very Easy Easy Not so Ha...
Blog Assessment by Learners 5% 0% 28% 61% 5% Interesting Boring Not Really A Little Interesting Very 0% 0% 61% 39% Useful ...
Learner Intentions and Reality <ul><li>17% wrote over the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Writing 2  produced an average of 4.1 p...
Factors We Found Important <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize  (Multi-course and required...
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Digital Literacy and Learning Styles

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Digital Literacy and Learning Styles

  1. 1. Digital Literacy and Learning Styles <ul><ul><li>JALTCALL 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 6 Toyo Gakuen University Tokyo </li></ul></ul>Marcel Van Amelsvoort Kanagawa Prefectural College of Foreign Studie s
  2. 2. Digital Natives?
  3. 3. Digital Literacy <ul><li>USA 56% (2005)‏ </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Digital Literacy” is too simple a term Computer literacy Computer literacy Access to tools (hardware and software) Digital learning literacy
  5. 5. Computer Ownership Rates Percentage of Students with Computers (and Internet)‏ 75%
  6. 6. Digital Device Ownership Rates Digital Devices in 2007-09 (Incoming 1 st Year Students)‏ -- 3% 6% Sony PSP 26% 27% 12% Nintendo DS 49% 47% 29% MP3 Player 2009 2008 2007 % that have…
  7. 7. Digital Learning Experience Digital Learning Literacy in 2007-08 (Incoming 1 st Year Students)‏ 57% -- -- Social Networking (J) 13% -- -- Social Networking (E) 24% 37% 37% CALL Room 75% 64% 48% Wikipedia 22% 11% 12% Skype 6% 4% 1% Making Podcasts 27% 13% 12% Podcasts (Japanese) 22% 9% 9% Podcasts (English) 45% 53% 46% Internet Listening 2009 2008 2007 % that have done…
  8. 8. Digital Writing Experience In 2007-09 (Incoming 1st Year Students) 42 % 31 % 55 % Written an e-mail in English 62 % -- -- Posted blog comments in Japanese 17 % -- -- Posted blog comments in English 48 % 44 % 29 % Made a blog 2009 2008 2007 % that have…
  9. 9. Digital Device Ownership Students and Teachers in 2009 1/10 26% Nintendo DS 7/10 (only 2 use for language study) 49% Mp3 Player Instructors Students
  10. 10. Internet Learning Experience Internet Use in Language Learning in 2009 9/10 -- Reading through the Internet 6/10 45% Listening through the Internet Instructors Students
  11. 11. Digital Learning Experience Technology for learning in 2009 6/10 (only 2 in target language) 22% Use Skype 2/10 22% Listen to podcasts (in target language) 4/10 48% Keep (kept) a blog Instructors Students
  12. 12. Teachers as Learners… <ul><li>Show a wide range of individual tool use (traditional, desktop and mobile) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books and magazines (10/10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comp. reading (9/10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DVDs (8/10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV (6/10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio (5/10) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are hard to profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But are definitely more PC-oriented </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. “ I don’t use technology very often but I encourage students to.” <ul><ul><li>“ I’m a paid member at Audible.com. I also record radio programs and lectures for playback while I jog” </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Problems with encouraging new tools and techniques for learning Culture of Technology Culture of Learning
  15. 15. Culture of Technology <ul><li>PC familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Typing </li></ul><ul><li>Mp3 players: music or more? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Culture of Learning <ul><li>Teacher-centeredness </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on tests </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to jump communities </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to get involved </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hubbard (2004)‏ <ul><li>Experience CALL yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Give learners teacher training </li></ul><ul><li>Use a incremental/cyclical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Use collaborative debriefings </li></ul><ul><li>Teach general exploitation strategies (linguistic and technical). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Our Approach for Implementation <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize (Multi-course and required) </li></ul><ul><li> Immerse (Multi-course; regular assignments)‏ </li></ul><ul><li> Support Actively (Multi-lingual; all stages)‏ </li></ul><ul><li> Allow Sufficient Time </li></ul>
  19. 19. Our Strategy <ul><li>Teach and promote tool use in , across and beyond 3 courses </li></ul>
  20. 20. Goals <ul><li>Improve computer literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Improve computer learning literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Promote learner autonomy </li></ul>
  21. 21. Subjects <ul><li>18 (20 at start) 1 st year students in the lowest proficiency class at a junior college in Yokohama. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Tools <ul><li>Blogs: As writing tool; web presence; personal learning space </li></ul><ul><li>Various Web 2.0 Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Voki (personalized talking avatars ) </li></ul><ul><li>ESL Video (video learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice of America (news and listening)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>IKnow (personalized social learning)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Quizlet (personalized quizzes)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Chatroll (interactive social writing)‏ </li></ul>
  23. 23. Institutionalize and Immerse Writing 2 (1 × 90 min.)‏ Blogs (but only 1 posting required; more encouraged)‏ Workshop (2 × 90 min.)‏ Blogs; ESL Video; iKnow; Voice of America; Quizlet; Voki Writing 1 (1 × 90 min.)‏ Blogs; Quizlet; Chatroll; Voki Second Term First Term
  24. 24. Results: Blogs vs. Journals 0% 6% 6% 50% 37% Improved 0% 6% 19% 31% 44% Enjoyed 0% 6% 6% 50% 37% Tried hard Blogs 6% 0% 0% 19% 72% Improved 6% 0% 37% 25% 31% Enjoyed 0 % 6% 6% 31% 56% Tried hard Disagree Strongly Disagree Not Sure Agree Agree Strongly Journals
  25. 25. Results: Blog Difficulty <ul><li>By the end of the course… </li></ul>0% 28% 61% 0% 11% Difficulty Very Easy Easy Not so Hard Hard Very Hard
  26. 26. Blog Assessment by Learners 5% 0% 28% 61% 5% Interesting Boring Not Really A Little Interesting Very 0% 0% 61% 39% Useful Not at All Not So Much Useful Very
  27. 27. Learner Intentions and Reality <ul><li>17% wrote over the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Writing 2 produced an average of 4.1 postings though only one was required (ranging from 0-9 postings)‏ </li></ul>5% No 45% 50% Want to Continue Using Blogs Haven’t Decided Yes
  28. 28. Factors We Found Important <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize (Multi-course and required) </li></ul><ul><li> Immerse (Multi-course; regular assignments)‏ </li></ul><ul><li> Support Actively (Multi-lingual; all stages)‏ </li></ul><ul><li> Allow Sufficient Time </li></ul>

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