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Developing Digital Natives

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Feb 2009 presentation at the 3rd International Wireless Ready Conference in Nagoya Japan on developing the digital literacy and digital learning literacy of Japanese college freshmen. By Marcel Van Amelsvoort and Yuichi Shiozaki.

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Developing Digital Natives

  1. 1. Developing Digital Natives Third International Wireless Ready Conference Feb 20, 2009 NUCB Graduate School, Nagoya, Japan Yuichi Shiozaki Marcel Van Amelsvoort Kanagawa Prefectural College of Foreign Studies
  2. 2. Digital Natives?
  3. 3. Digital Literacy <ul><li>USA 56% (2005) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Literacy at Gaitan 1 Percentage of Students with Computers 54% 72% 2003 2008 2005 60%
  5. 5. Digital Literacy at Gaitan 2 Digital Devices in 2007-08 (Incoming 1 st Year Students) 38% 5% … a “one-seg” cell phone 3% 6% … a Sony PSP 27% 12% … a Nintendo DS 47% 29% … an Mp3 player 2008 2007 % of students who have…
  6. 6. Digital Literacy at Gaitan 3 Digital Learning Literacy in 2008 (Incoming 1 st Year Students) 11% Used Skype 64% Downloaded an mp3 file to their cell phone 37% Used a CALL room 64% Used Wikipedia (in English or Japanese) 4% Made a podcast 9% Listened to an English podcast 31% Written an e-mail in English 47% Made a blog or website (mostly Mixi) 50% Used a computer for listening training
  7. 7. Can they? Do they? Will they? (How will they?) 
  8. 8. They will…but… Culture of Technology Culture of Learning
  9. 9. Culture of Technology <ul><li>PC familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Typing </li></ul><ul><li>Mp3 players: music or more? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Culture of Learning <ul><li>Teacher-centeredness </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on tests </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to jump communities </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to get involved </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hubbard (2004) <ul><li>Experience CALL yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Give learners teacher training </li></ul><ul><li>Use a incremental/cyclical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Use collaborative debriefings </li></ul><ul><li>Teach general exploitation strategies (linguistic and technical). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Our Approach for Implementation <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize (Multi-course and required) </li></ul><ul><li> Immerse (Multi-course; regular assignments) </li></ul><ul><li> Support Actively (Multi-lingual; all stages) </li></ul><ul><li> Allow Sufficient Time </li></ul>
  13. 13. Our Strategy <ul><li>Teach and promote tool use in , across and beyond 3 courses </li></ul>
  14. 14. Goals <ul><li>Improve computer literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Improve computer learning literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Promote learner autonomy </li></ul>
  15. 15. Subjects <ul><li>18 (20 at start) 1 st year students in the lowest proficiency class at a junior college in Yokohama. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Tools <ul><li>Blogs: As writing tool; web presence; personal learning space </li></ul><ul><li>Various Web 2.0 Tools: </li></ul><ul><li>Voki (personalized talking avatars </li></ul><ul><li>ESL Video (video learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice of America (news and listening) </li></ul><ul><li>IKnow (personalized social learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Quizlet (personalized quizzes) </li></ul><ul><li>Chatroll (interactive social writing) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Institutionalize and Immerse Writing 2 (1 × 90 min.) Blogs (but only 1 posting required; more encouraged) Workshop (2 × 90 min.) Blogs; Quizlet; Chatroll; Voki Writing 1 (1 × 90 min.) Blogs; ESL Video; iKnow; Voice of America; Quizlet; Voki Second Term First Term
  18. 18. Results: Blogs vs. Journals 0% 6% 6% 8% 37% Improved 0% 6% 19% 31% 44% Enjoyed 0% 6% 6% 50% 37% Tried hard Blogs 6% 0% 0% 19% 72% Improved 6% 0% 37% 25% 31% Enjoyed 0 % 6% 6% 31% 56% Tried hard Disagree Strongly Disagree Not Sure Agree Agree Strongly Journals
  19. 19. Results: Blog Difficulty <ul><li>By the end of the course… </li></ul>0% 28% 61% 0% 11% Difficulty Very Easy Easy Not so Hard Hard Very Hard
  20. 20. Blog Assessment by Learners 5% 0% 28% 61% 5% Interesting Boring Not Really A Little Interesting Very 0% 0% 61% 39% Useful Not at All Not So Much Useful Very
  21. 21. Learner Intentions and Reality <ul><li>17% wrote over the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Writing 2 produced an average of 4.1 postings though only one was required (ranging from 0-9 postings) </li></ul>5% No 45% 50% Want to Continue Using Blogs Haven’t Decided Yes
  22. 22. Factors We Found Important <ul><li> Know Your Learners </li></ul><ul><li> Institutionalize (Multi-course and required) </li></ul><ul><li> Immerse (Multi-course; regular assignments) </li></ul><ul><li> Support Actively (Multi-lingual; all stages) </li></ul><ul><li> Allow Sufficient Time </li></ul>

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