Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Home Delivery: Impact and opportunities for City Logistcs

721 views

Published on

Susanne Balm
Conference ECLF- Donóstia- SanSebastian 2015

  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Home Delivery: Impact and opportunities for City Logistcs

  1. 1. HOME  DELIVERY:  IMPACT  AND   OPPORTUNITIES  FOR  CITY  LOGISTICS Cycle Logistics Conference 16  October 2015 San  Sebastian   1 Susanne  Balm Project  leader  E-­mobility &  City  Logistics Amsterdam  University  of  Applied Sciences
  2. 2. AMSTERDAM  UNIVERSITY OF  APPLIED SCIENCES 2 • Based in  Amsterdam,  The  Netherlands • 50,000  students and 3,600  employees • 80  bachelor  and master  programmes • Practical  orientated  research  addressing  real-­life  challenges • Close  collaboration  with  both  academics  and  professionals   • A  joint  Executive  Board  with  the  University  of  Amsterdam  
  3. 3. CONTENT  OF  PRESENTATION 3 1.  Zero   emission slow   mobility ambitions 2.  Home   delivery:   increasing markets The  need for different  city logistics,   considering changes  in  urban: • Design • Challenges • Preferences Market  opportunities for cycle logistics:   • Food • Elderly • C2C • Construction    
  4. 4. WHAT IS  WRONG  IN  THIS PICTURE? 4
  5. 5. WALKABLE CITIES 5 Florionapolis,Brazil(Photocredit: Maremagnum/Photodisc/Getty Images) (Portland  State  University,  2012)  
  6. 6. OTHER ISSUES 6 Noise Vibrations CongestionAir pollution
  7. 7. AIR  POLLUTION Share  of  trips 7 Contribution to NOx
  8. 8. NOISE POLLUTION:  “A  MODERN  PLAGUE” Elevated  noise  levels  can  cause: • Hypertension • Sleep  disturbance • Stress • Increased  workplace  accident  rates • Aggression  and  other  anti-­social  behaviors 8
  9. 9. 9 PREFERRED SITUATION Slow  mobility and recreational activities instead of  car dominance
  10. 10. EXPERIMENTS IN  AMSTERDAM “Autovrij” = car free 10
  11. 11. AND OTHER CITIES 11
  12. 12. Saturday  3  October  2015 12
  13. 13. BUT  AT  THE SAME TIME…   • Consumers and businesses order  more  and more  online   • Demand on-­time  and same-­day delivery • High  numer of  failed deliveries • High  number of  retour  deliveries 13 EUROPEANB2CE-COMMERCE TURNOVERTOP12 IN TERMS OF B2C E-COMMERCEGROWHT RATE
  14. 14. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT  DEPENDS ON   LOGISTICS CONCEPT Source: Ernst & Young (2015) 14 CO2 emissons forthe delivery of 1 parcel The combination of a drop-off point and bike delivery has lowest expected impact for the environment
  15. 15. GREAT  POTENTIAL FOR CYCLE LOGISTICS In  particular: • As  a  service  for suppliers,  retailers  and receivers  that are  (or  aim to be)  socially responsble • In  areas that restrict or  limit  automobile  access But  challenging as  well: • How  to organize financially feasible drop-­off  points? • Which flows are  large,  growing and most  suitable? 15
  16. 16. RISE  AND FALL AND EXPANSION OF  INITIATIVES 16 Drop-off point on water Bubble Post Stadslogistiek Delft Bentobox Berlin
  17. 17. WHAT IS  LACKING?   Insight in  the share  of  freight trips  and their characteristics,  like:   • What do  they deliver?   • Where do  they come from? • Is  transport  at  own account  or  carried out  by a  3rd  party?   • Which markets are  growing? • Which are  suitable for cycle logistics? This should be the start  of  new  logistics (cycle)  concepts 17
  18. 18. Freight traffic  countings Amsterdam LOGISTICS RESEARCH  SHOWS  POTENTIAL 18 80  -­ 85%   are  vans Distance %  of   deliveries ≤  30  km 54  – 56%   ≤  10 km 32  – 45%   Research Facility Services(2015) (2015) Souce: CycleLogistics,2014
  19. 19. Oppurtunities for cycle logistics GROWTH MARKETS IN  CITY LOGISTICS HOME  DELIVERY 19 Elderly C2C Food Construc tion
  20. 20. ELDERLY PEOPLE Number of  citizens in  Amsterdam  of  ≥  65  :   20 Absolute Percentage 2014 95.289 11,7% 2035 154.907 17,2% Source:AUAS (2015) • Ageing population,  also in  cities • Elderly people (need to)  live  at  home  longer • Older generations are  getting more  familiar with internet • Challenge:  different  requirements and preferences By 2025 more  than 20%  of   Europeans  will  be  65  or  over
  21. 21. • Food  delivery  is  one of  the largest flows in   cities • Home  food  delivery  is  an increasing market • Local for local • Low  risk  of  “not at  home” • Challenge:  cooling /  heating FOOD 21
  22. 22. C2C  (CONSUMER TO CONSUMER) 22 • Inner  city transport  between consumers • Challenge:  willingness to pay Peerby members in my neighborhood
  23. 23. CONSTRUCTION   23 • Great  share  in  freight traffic   • Increasing amount of  inner city construction /  renovation work • Little  space for inventory and parking  on  site   • On-­time  delivery   • Challenge:  cooperation  with drop-­off  or  consolidation point  and complementary transport  
  24. 24. CONCLUDING REMARKS • Cycle logistics services  should be tailored according to the market   segment:   • Receivers  preferences • The  logistics concept   • Cycle logistics solutions should not be more  expensive than the current situation.  Otherwise it will be very difficult to change.   • Consistent  stimulating local policies are  needed (not just experiments)   24 Susanne  Balm s.h.balm@hva.nl Project  leader  E-­mobility &  City  Logistics Amsterdam  University  of  Applied Sciences
  25. 25. RESEARCH  PROGRAM   URBAN TECHNOLOGY Technologies  for  a  sustainable,  liveable and  connected  city 25 Smart Mobility & Logistics Smart Urban Design Smart Energy Systems Circular Design and Smart Production Urban analytics Business Models Susanne  Balm s.h.balm@hva.nl Project  leader  E-­mobility &  City  Logistics Amsterdam  University  of  Applied Sciences

×