What is ICT?
ICT, which stands for Information and
Communications Technology, is an umbrella
term that includes any communication device
or application, encompassing:
• Cellular Phones
• Computer and Network software and hardware
Periods of ICT
Pre Mechanical Period
It is theearliest age of informationtechnology. It can be
defined as thetime between3000 B.C. and 1450 A.D. when
humansfirst started communicatingthey would try to use
languageor simple picture drawings known aspetroglyths
which were usually carved in rock. Early alphabets were
developed such as thePhoenicianalphabet.
• This is when we first start to see connections between our current technology and
its ancestors. The mechanical agecan be definedas the time between 1450 and
• A lot of newtechnologies are developedin this era as there is a large explosion of
interest onthis area.
• Technologies like the slide rule (an analog computer usedfor multiplying and
dividing) were invented. Blaise Pascal invented the
• Pascaline which was a verypopular mechanical computer.
• Charles Babbage developed the difference engine which tabulated polynomial
equations using the method of finite differences.
• The electromechanicalagecan bedefinedas the timebetween
1840 and 1940.These are thebeginnings oftelecommunication.
• Thetelegraphwascreatedin theearly 1800s. Morsecode was
createdby Samuel Morse in1835.
• Thetelephone(oneofthemostpopular formsofcommunication
ever) was createdby AlexanderGrahamBellin 1876.
• Thefirstradio developedby GuglielmoMarconiin 1894.
• Allofthesewere extremelycrucial emergingtechnologiesthatled
to bigadvancesin theinformationtechnologyfield.
• The electronic age iswhatwe currentlylive in.It can be
defined as thetime between1940 and right now.
• It has 4 periods namely: LateVacuum Tubes, Transistors,
IntegratedCircuits and ComputerProcessors.