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Structural Semantics


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Structural Semantics

  1. 1. STRUCTURAL SEMANTICS • Relationships between the meanings of terms within a sentence • How meaning can be composed from smaller elements • Meaning are divided into smaller structural units via its regulation in concrete social interactions • Outside of these interactions language may become meaningless
  2. 2. • Presented to: - • Prof. Rao Jalil • Presented by: - • Maqsood Ahmad • ID# 12011084006 • University of Management and Technology • Johar Town Lahore, Pakistan.
  3. 3. CONT. • Structuralism is • Wide range of discourses • Study underlying structures of signification • Signification occurs wherever there is a practice of • Meaningful events • OR • Meaningful actions
  4. 4. CONT. • Meaningful events might include any of following • Writing or reading a text • Getting married • Having a discussion over a cup of coffee • A battle • Meaningful events involve • Either a document or an exchange
  5. 5. CONT. • According to structuralism • Meaning is not a private experience • As Husserl thought • It is a product of a shared system of signification
  6. 6. FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE • Language is a system of inter related units and structures • Every unit of language is related to the others within the same system • Focused not on the use of language (parole or talk) • But on the underlying system of language (langue)
  7. 7. FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE • Called his theory semiotics • His approach focused on examining • How the elements of language related to each other in the present • ‘Synchronically' rather than ‘Diachronically'.
  8. 8. SIGN: • According to Saussure • The basic unit of language is a sign • A sign is composed of • Signifier (a sound image or its graphic equivalent) • Signified (the concept or meaning) • For example: - • Letters p-e-a-r functions as a signifier • Producing in the mind of English speakers the concept (signified) of a certain kind of rosaceous fruit, a pear.
  9. 9. CONCLUSION: - • Things are not always what they seem • Idealist claim of structuralism can be understood in the following way: • Reality and our conception of it are "discontinuous". • Language pre-exists us • It is not we who speak • As Heidegger was to say • but "language speaks us".