Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)
Whether or not
Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)
Offers wide range of accessories and possibilities
To ESL teachers to exploit language teaching
motivation, critical thinking, learners’ autonomy, mixed-
ability class, interactivity and cross-cultural exposure.
University Management and Technology
Johar Town Lahore
Resource person: -
Sir Muhammad Shaban Rafi
Presented by: -
ID# 090418002 (MSc Applied Linguistics)
University of Management and Technology
Johar Town. Lahore.
What is CALT?What is CALT?
Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)Computer Assisted Language Teaching (CALT)
Computer technologyComputer technology
To present, reinforce and assessTo present, reinforce and assess
CALT studiesCALT studies
Role of teacher and use of InformationRole of teacher and use of Information
Communication Technologies in second or foreignCommunication Technologies in second or foreign
language teaching.language teaching.
Wide range of activitiesWide range of activities
Spanning materialsSpanning materials
Courseware developmentCourseware development
Pedagogical practicePedagogical practice
OFFERS A WIDE RANGE OFOFFERS A WIDE RANGE OF
POSSIBILITIES & ACCESSORIESPOSSIBILITIES & ACCESSORIES
CRITICAL THINKINGCRITICAL THINKING
MIXED ABILITY CLASSMIXED ABILITY CLASS
CROSS CULTURAL EXPOSURECROSS CULTURAL EXPOSURE
Computer Assisted Language Teaching
Interest and MotivationInterest and Motivation
Games, Animated graphics, Problem solving techniquesGames, Animated graphics, Problem solving techniques
A Compatible learning styleA Compatible learning style
““fast” drill for one student and “slow” for another.fast” drill for one student and “slow” for another.
Flexible time for using computerFlexible time for using computer
Flexible learning.Flexible learning.
Immediate FeedbackImmediate Feedback
Instant feedbackInstant feedback
Help students ward off misconception very first stage.Help students ward off misconception very first stage.
Error analysisError analysis
Computer can analyze specific mistakesComputer can analyze specific mistakes
make students able to make self correction and understand themake students able to make self correction and understand the
principle behind the correct solutionprinciple behind the correct solution
Guided and repetitive practiceGuided and repetitive practice
Drill type materials are suitable for repetitive practicesDrill type materials are suitable for repetitive practices
Enable students learn concepts, key elements in subject areaEnable students learn concepts, key elements in subject area
Pre-determined to process syllabusPre-determined to process syllabus
Computer enhances learning processComputer enhances learning process
A pre-determined syllabus to process syllabusA pre-determined syllabus to process syllabus
Classroom Discussion and DebatesClassroom Discussion and Debates
Students challenged tension between two arguments.Students challenged tension between two arguments.
Students can pair and reasoning tasks are administered.Students can pair and reasoning tasks are administered.
Written AssignmentsWritten Assignments
Searching from internetSearching from internet
Serve as powerful vehiclesServe as powerful vehicles
Allow students to expand their thinking processesAllow students to expand their thinking processes
CALT offers a powerful self access facilityCALT offers a powerful self access facility
Freedom of choiceFreedom of choice
Call up programs whenever students wantCall up programs whenever students want
Useful in group activitiesUseful in group activities
Can do study skill activity at their own paceCan do study skill activity at their own pace
Can use time their own learning styles and strategiesCan use time their own learning styles and strategies
Provides learner opportunity to become part of theProvides learner opportunity to become part of the
Reasons for DiversityReasons for Diversity
Different cultural backgroundsDifferent cultural backgrounds
School educationSchool education
How to overcome Mixed Diversity?How to overcome Mixed Diversity?
Lesson for understanding subjectLesson for understanding subject
Teacher can use different ways, contents, and productsTeacher can use different ways, contents, and products
Introduce content students do not realize beingIntroduce content students do not realize being
Choose a storyChoose a story
Look at two versions of the storyLook at two versions of the story
A variety of grammar learning activities, games,A variety of grammar learning activities, games,
writing short answerswriting short answers
Explores arguments for an essayExplores arguments for an essay
Examines, organize, paragraphExamines, organize, paragraph
complete model essay for transition words, phrasescomplete model essay for transition words, phrases
Teachers can develop autonomy in choosingTeachers can develop autonomy in choosing
Can use videos to enrich listening activitiesCan use videos to enrich listening activities
Can provide help to improve quality of listeningCan provide help to improve quality of listening
Speaking and PronunciationSpeaking and Pronunciation
Computers used to complete dialoguesComputers used to complete dialogues
Increase fluencyIncrease fluency
Oral language develops through oral practiceOral language develops through oral practice
Cross Cultural Exposure
CALT improves the cross culture exposureCALT improves the cross culture exposure
It gives so many chances to students to interactIt gives so many chances to students to interact
through out the world with the help of computer.through out the world with the help of computer.
CALT Empowers Learners
in-charge of their own Learning
A CALT teacher can nurture student selfA CALT teacher can nurture student self
Providing students with opportunitiesProviding students with opportunities
before, during and after instructionsbefore, during and after instructions
to exercise control of their own learningto exercise control of their own learning
After this search it is concluded that without empoweringAfter this search it is concluded that without empowering
students CALT is not so effective.students CALT is not so effective.
Teacher role in CALT should be only a facilitator.Teacher role in CALT should be only a facilitator.
CALT is so much effective that it must be introduced in allCALT is so much effective that it must be introduced in all
institutions of Pakistan.institutions of Pakistan.
Pakistan as a developing country can gain so muchPakistan as a developing country can gain so much
educational development through this teaching strategy.educational development through this teaching strategy.
References: - Breland,H.M. 1996. Computer-assisted writing assessment: The politics of science versus theBreland,H.M. 1996. Computer-assisted writing assessment: The politics of science versus the
humanities. New-York: Modern Language Association of America.humanities. New-York: Modern Language Association of America.
Esteras,S.R. 2003. English for computer users. Infotech: Third edition. Cambridge University.Esteras,S.R. 2003. English for computer users. Infotech: Third edition. Cambridge University.
EUROCALL – http://www.eurocall-languages.org/EUROCALL – http://www.eurocall-languages.org/
Hartoyo, Ma, Ph.D. 2006. Individual Differences in Computer Assisted Language LearningHartoyo, Ma, Ph.D. 2006. Individual Differences in Computer Assisted Language Learning
(CALL). Semarang: Universitas Negeri Semarang Press.(CALL). Semarang: Universitas Negeri Semarang Press.
History of CALL - http://www.history-of-call.org/History of CALL - http://www.history-of-call.org/
Kiliçkaya, Ferit. 2007. The Effect of Computer Assisted Language Learning on Turkisk Learners’Kiliçkaya, Ferit. 2007. The Effect of Computer Assisted Language Learning on Turkisk Learners’
Achievement on The TOEFL Exam.Achievement on The TOEFL Exam.
(Mary Anne Hess, http://www.weac.org/Home/Parents_Community/differ.aspx(Mary Anne Hess, http://www.weac.org/Home/Parents_Community/differ.aspx
Longman English Interactive www.esl.net/englishinteractive_34.htmlLongman English Interactive www.esl.net/englishinteractive_34.html
Adult Learning Activities www.cdlponline.org/Adult Learning Activities www.cdlponline.org/
(DIWE 7) www.daedalus.com(DIWE 7) www.daedalus.com
Connected Speech, http://www.masterspokenenglish.com/index.htmlConnected Speech, http://www.masterspokenenglish.com/index.html