Noun

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Noun

  1. 1. NOUN  What is a Noun  Part of speech or word class used to  name or identify  a person, place, thing, quality, or an action  Most nouns have both singular and plural forms  Can be preceded by an article  And/or have one or more adjectives  Can serve as the head of a noun phrase
  2. 2.  Resource Person: -  Sir Nazir Ahmad Malik  Presented By: -  Maqsood Ahmad  ID# 12011084006 M.Phil (Applied Linguistic)  University of Management and Technology  Johar Town Lahore, Pakistan.
  3. 3.  Noun  A noun or noun phrase can function as a  Subject  Direct object  Indirect object  Complement  Appositive  Object of a preposition  Nouns sometimes modify other nouns to form compound nouns
  4. 4.  Noun Varieties  Nouns come in these varieties  Abstract, Attributive and Animate noun  Common, Count, Concrete, Collective  and Compound nouns  Denominal, Inanimate, Mass, Proper and  Possessive Nouns
  5. 5.  Noun Categories  Noun categories overlap  Possible for a noun to be more than one  For example: -  Dog is common and concrete  Butterfly is common, concrete and compound
  6. 6. Noun Varieties  Common nouns  Refers to  Not unique and has no defining characteristics  Desk, chair, girl, city, food
  7. 7.  Proper nouns  Refers to  Unique person, place, thing, or idea  Defining characteristics  Always written with first letter capitalized  Mayaguez, John, Barbara, New York City, Rice-a-Roni
  8. 8.  Concrete Nouns:  Can be perceived by at least one of the five senses  (sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste).  Chair, John
  9. 9.  Abstract Nouns:  Cannot be perceived by any of the five senses  (emotions, ideas, event, quality or concepts)  Freedom, love, sadness, courage
  10. 10.  Collective Nouns  Refers to Single noun that indicates or refers to more than one  Groups of people or Things  Family, team, club, audience, herd, crowd
  11. 11.  Animate noun  A semantic category of noun  Referring to person, animal or other creature  Contrast with inanimate noun  Examples of animate nouns  Katie, Marcus, Elephant, Baby
  12. 12.  Inanimate noun  A semantic category of noun  Refers to a place, thing or idea  Not a person, animal or other creature  Contrast with animate noun  Examples of inanimate nouns  Road, mountain, bicycle, relaxation, rain
  13. 13.  Attributive noun  Noun that modifies another noun  Functions as an adjective  Also known as noun adjunct  Birthday party, Tomato soup, Oxford comma  Stone wall, Macaroni salad
  14. 14.  Compound Noun:  A single noun formed by two or more words  Time capsule, Christmas tree  Can be together, separate, or divided by hyphen (-)  Great-uncle, Mother-in-law  Two or more nouns that function as a single unit ◦ Basketball, Butterfly
  15. 15.  Possessive Nouns  In grammar, possession shows ownership  Follow these rules to create possessive nouns With singular nouns, add an apostrophe and an s.  dog → dog’s bone  singer → singer’s voice
  16. 16.  Possessive Nouns Plurals ending in s add an apostrophe after the s  dogs → dogs’ bones  singers → singers’ voices Plurals not ending in s, add an apostrophe and an s  men → men’s books  mice → mice’s tails
  17. 17.  Count Nouns  Noun that refers to an object or idea  Can form a plural or occur in a noun phrase with an indefinite article or with numerals  Contrast with mass noun (non-count noun)  Most common nouns in English are countable  They have both singular and plural forms  Coin, raindrop, banana, hill, name
  18. 18.  Count Nouns  Guidelines for creating Count nouns ◦ Add s to form the plural of most nouns  cat → cats  computer → computers ◦ Add es if the noun ends in s, sh, ch, or x  wish → wishes  inch → inches  box → boxes
  19. 19. •Count Nouns • If a noun ends in consonant y • change the y to i and add es • city → cities • lady → ladies • If a noun ends in vowel y add s • Words ending in -quy don’t follow this rule • essay → essays • monkey → monkeys
  20. 20.  Mass noun  A mass Noun that names things  that cannot be counted  Used only in the singular  Many abstract nouns are uncountable  But not all uncountable nouns are abstract  Contrast with count noun  advice, bread, knowledge, luck, spaghetti, money, peace, rain, milk, and work
  21. 21.  Denominal noun  Noun that is formed from another noun  usually by adding a suffix  Many denominal nouns are context sensitive  Villager (from village)  New Yorker (from New York)  Booklet (from book)  Limeade (from lime)  Lectureship (from lecture)  Librarian (from library)
  22. 22. Review A noun is: a. An action word b. A naming word c. A describing word A noun names: (choose three) a. a place b. a verb c. a thing d. a sentence e. a person
  23. 23. Thank you  Very Much  Have a nice day  Now  Questions Please

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