Underground cavern project


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Prepared and edited by manveer shetty

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  • what would india do after such stored oil is exhausted ? with population growing at disastrous rate ... people using cars to go everywhere. inadequate public transport and lack of infra structure .or impossibility to expand and widened roads in the existing cities. and new city planning not futuristic due to lack of land. India is doomed in every which way . political situation is corrupt and lazy... hindu muslim hatred.. india needs its own cultural revolution with put of common sense, drastic measures to make negative population growth , total friendship with neighbours , and exclusive investment in research and aquisition of solar energy tapping. free public transport based on solar energy .
    india needs to take extraordonary steps to curb communal tension . new laws to ctreate harmony among hindu sikh and muslims. through special education system cultural exchange . and genuinely looking in to grievances of these communities. change present style of government to bring in presidential style of government. end this westminster system in which mps fight like children in the parliament ... make voting compulsary . install special socil awareness projects to educate people of making informed chices to ellect. and much more.....
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Underground cavern project

  1. 1. UNDERGROUND CAVERN PROJECT Compiled & Created By Manveer J Shetty-MBG-Marketing Ravi-MBG-CSE
  2. 2. Vision & Mission of Project UndergroundVISION"People will make wise, informed, choices as they manage cave, karstand groundwater resources to protect the underground ecosystems forthe health of current and future generations".MISSION"build the necessary awareness and responsible attitudes towardscave, karst and groundwater resources and their management needsamong the general public through educational and interpretiveprograms."
  3. 3. SCOPE OF WORKThe project involves engineering, procurement,construction and commissioning of systems for crudeoil receipt, pumping out, metering, recirculation,heating, waste water treatment, utilities production,flaring and operation buildings.
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION• cavern - a large cave or a large chamber in a cave• a geological formation consisting of an underground enclosure with access from the surface of the ground or from the sea.• Underground cavern project is for strategic storage of crude oil, required to provide supplies during emergencies/disruption of supplies .• Underground rock caverns are considered the safest means of storing hydrocarbons• It could store crude oil to meet the countrys demand for 15 days in case of an emergency. It assumed significance because India would depend on oil imports for 92 per cent of its crude oil needs by 2020, and because of the volatility in West Asia
  5. 5. Facts and Figures• Total number of underground cavern projects in india are 4.• GOI has decided to set up 5 MMT Strategic crude oil storages at Mangalore, Vishakapattanam and Padur.• located to coasts so that they are readily accessible to the refining sector through marine distribution• GOI has set up special purpose vehicle-INDIAN STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVES LTD under OIDB to implement, maintain and operate strategic storage.• India plans to store 136 Million Barrels till 2020. COMPANY LOCATION PROJECT CAPACITY ESTIMATE STATUS SKEC&KCT JV PADDUR 9.25MILLION BARREL 375 CRORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION SKEC&KCT JV MANGALORE 10.25MILLION BARREL 400 CRORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION HCC LTD PADDUR 9.25MILLION BARREL 373 CRORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION HCC LTD VIZAG 7.30MILLION BARREL 380 CRORE COMPLETED
  6. 6. What are the necessities to undertake these projects• GOI proposes to construct underground rock cavern storage of imported crude oil on detailed feasibility report prepared by Engineers India Ltd in alliance with geostock Engineers• GOI has set up special purpose vehicle-INDIAN STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVES LTD under OIDB to implement, maintain and operate strategic storage.• A company is appointed as the Project Management Consultants for the project.• Subcontracting enterprise executes the project by providing all back up support in liasoning with local govt. bodies and for implementing preliminary setup of site and main cavern works.
  7. 7. What does happen to crude oil? A LIVE EXAMPLE• Locatedamostly in Coastal region• SKE&C, 60 Billion dollar Korean enterprise having a• Crude Oil is transported fromconstruction cavern vast and rich experience in the port to the of such caverns has tied up with the Indian allies M/s Karma through pipelines for the execution of this project for Chand Taper (B) Ltd.• Substations are set up in order to pump in to a worth of INR 403 Crores.• caverns or back to refineries on demandProject Engineers India Limited is appointed as the Management Consultants for the project.• Nag & Rich Infract are the subcontractors to the JV for the execution of this prestigious project of strategic importance to the country.
  8. 8. Features of Caverns•Located mostly in Coastal region.•Crude Oil is transported from port to the cavern through pipelines•Substations are set up inorder to pump in to caverns or back to refineries ondemand•All the 4 Caverns are of similar dimensions with an approx. length of2800m(30m height and 20 m wide)•Oval in shape.•Capacity of oil storage cavern-2.3MMT•Total cavern length-4(700)m equals to a TOTAL -2800M•Cavern height-30m and width-20m•Total length of access tunnel – 1400m(12&8M WIDTH)•Total water curtain length-6.5m high and width-1140m
  9. 9. EQUIPMENTS USED IN CAVERN CONSTRUCTIONJumbo RigCharging CarShort Crete MachineHydraulic ExcavatorsDG SetsWheel LoadersDumpersTransit MixersCranesDozers
  10. 10. EQUIPMENTS USED IN CAVERN CONSTRUCTION Jumbo Rig Usage: To drill hole inside the tunnel Machine :Sandvick Mining ltd Model: DT820 No. of machines reqd: 3 -4Nos
  11. 11. Charging Car Usage: To Charge the explosive inside the tunnel Machine :Normat International Ltd Model: HIMEC No. of machines reqd: 3 Nos
  12. 12. Short Crete Machine Usage: To Concrete side walls Machine :Normat International Ltd Model: HIMEC No. of machines reqd: 3 Nos
  13. 13. Hydraulic Excavators Usage: To Excavate the stone after blasting and scaling is done Machine :Doosan Make Model: S-340,S-210Capacity: 35 Ton and 20 Ton No. of machines reqd: 3 Nos Gmmco’s opportunity Promote CAT Hydraulic excavators mapped to the tonnage requirement for the applicationMachines Applicable:320D,329D,336 Revenue generation Parts revenue: Rs.75000/excavator/month approx.
  14. 14. DG Sets Usage: To supply power to the plant Machine :Greaves Capacity: 400KVA No. of machines reqd: 8 Nos Gmmco’s opportunity Promote CAT DG sets mapped to the Power rating requirement for the application Engines Applicable:320KVA/365KVA/500KVA Revenue generation  Parts revenue: Rs.2,43,500/engine/year approx  Service revenue: Rs.14000/engine/year approx
  15. 15. Wheel Loaders Usage: To remove the material outside Machine :Caterpillar Model: 980H & 988F ,WA470(Komatsu) Capacity: 6.5Cu.m,4.5Cu.m,3.5Cu.m No. of machines : 5 Loaders Revenue generation Parts revenue: Rs.22,00,000/Loader/year
  16. 16. Dumpers Usage: To remove the material outside Machine :Volvo Model: 400 Capacity: 31 Ton No. of machines reqd: 18 Nos
  17. 17. Transit Mixers Usage: To remove the material outside Machine :Volvo Model: 400 Capacity: 31 Ton No. of machines reqd: 18 Nos
  18. 18. Hydra Cranes Usage: Material Handling application Machine :Hydra Crane Model: HY12 Capacity: 12 Ton No. of machines reqd: 1 Nos
  19. 19. Track Type Tractors Usage: To doze the material Machine :Caterpillar Model: D6G No. of machines reqd: 1 NosRevenue generation Parts revenue: Rs.50000/Dozer/year
  20. 20. Machineries utilized at the PADUR siteSL NO EQUIPMENT DETAIL MODEL CAPACITY TOTAL NO.S UNIT PRICE TOTAL PRICE 1 DRILL JUMBO DT 820 2BOOM 3NOS 3.10 CRORE 9.30 Crores 2 DRILL JUMBO DT 1130 3 BOOM 2NOS 5.21 CRORE 15.63 Crores 3 CHARGING CAR 9905BT 500KG/BASKET 2NOS 2.0CRORE 4 Crores 4 SHORT CRETE MACHINE 7110WPC 30M/H 2NOS 3.0CRORE 6 Crores 5 KOAMATSU LOADER W470 3.5CUM 1NOS 1 CRORE 1.00 Crores 6 CAT LOADER 980H 4.5CUM 3NOS 1.5CRORE 4.50 Crores 7 CAT LOADER 988H 6.5CUM 1NOS 1CRORE 1.00 Crores 8 EXCAVATORS S210 0.9CUM 1NOS 95LAKH 95 Lakhs 9 EXCAVATORS CS340 1.5CUM 2NOS 78LAKH 1.56 Crores 10 VOLVO DUMPERS 400 31TON 16NOS 67 LAKH 10.72 Crores 11 JCB BACKHOE LOADER 3DX 0.3CUM 1NO 19LAKH 19 Lakhs 12 HYDRA CRANE HY12 12TON 1NO 10LAKH 10 Lakhs 13 TRANS MIXER TM17 6CUM 3NOS 25LAKH 75Lakhs 14 BATCHING PLANT SW 30CUM/HOUR 1NO 38LAKH 38 Lakhs 15 COMPRESSOR 280 600CFM 1NO 9.8LAKH 9.8 Lakhs 16 TATA TRUCK 1109 09TON 2NO 9LAKH 18 Lakhs 17 GANTERY CRANE NA 15T0N 2N0 1.80 C 3.6 Crores 18 DG SETS NA 500KV 8NOS 22LAKH 1.76 Crores 19 DOZER D6G 17TON 1NO 65LAKH 65 Lakhs 20 UNIROUT PUMP ATLAS 200L/M 2NO 30LAKH 60Lakhs• Each such project requires machineries worth Rs.61.86 Cr approx.• Mangalore received 3 UC projects necessitating 184 Cr worth machineries for the storage capacity of 28.75 Million Barrels (Total project cost for each project being 375 cr)
  21. 21. Future Scenario of Underground cavern projects?• India plans to store 136 Million Barrels of Crude oil Storage.• This storage will be used as strategic reserves for the country during emergencies/disruption of supplies• India would depend on oil imports for 92 per cent of its crude oil needs by 2020, and because of the volatility in West Asia
  22. 22. SWOT Analysis For GMMCO Strengths Weakness Gmmco’s strength of catering vast  Service support has to attain its product lines of caterpillar, supporting Credibility variety of application makes it a unique  Quality of support has to match with dealer. the premium nature of the product. RUN model which makes it a tailor made  Lead time needs to cope up with the supplier. competition-Product delivery, parts Single last dealer makes it more credible delivery and service support Opportunity Threats Excavators will be manufactured  Competition is high indigenously in the near future.  Risk factor More Underground projects are in the  Demands to be matched with pipeline. continuous support on service and Gmmco’s tie up with Mercedes Benz will parts be a major Boost in the On highway  Higher prices of machines due to dumpers category imports leads to vulnerability.
  23. 23. SWOT Analysis for UCP Strengths Weakness Development and utilization of  Shortage of domestic energy underground space resources Protection of ecological environment,  Crude oil supply instability resources utilization and sustainable  Security issues development Opportunity Threats In the next 20 years,growth in demand  High capital costs for crude oil will be faster than domestic  Public access to this facility growth rate of crude oil.  Product releases Providing cost effective and practical  Fires or explosions engineering solutions  Cavern subsidence or collapse  Any other activity that endangers public health, safety, or constitutes a threat to the environment
  24. 24. Snap shots
  25. 25. Advantages• To ensure energy security in response to external supply disruptions• Safest means of storing hydrocarbons• Balance supply and demand• control oil and gas prices fluctuations• Withstand the emergency and safeguard the economic safety• Highly strategic and safe storage• Large storage capacity• Strong security• Less pollution• Small footprint• Short construction period• Low investment
  26. 26. ConclusionUnderground cavern is the right solution – both technically feasible andcommercially viable – for LPG, crude oil storages.The construction of underground facility is a technically challenging job;successful completion of such projects depends on the right kind ofequipment, preparedness in case of eventualities, and great teamwork.Fixed establishment cost is high during the construction compared tovariable cost. Any savings in time will more than compensate the additionalcost involved for such crashing.Many construction projects of this kind provide opportunities for theconstruction contractors and also for the engineers.The safe and mass storage system is possible in an underground whichoffers strategy storage for the country demand and the supply to demandcan be managed during war, etc.
  27. 27. THANK YOU