Selection of the research problem


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Office 13 based presentation on 'Selection of a research Problem'. The need, importance and steps involved are discussed.

Selection of the research problem

  1. 1. Selection of the Research Problem
  2. 2. What is selection??
  3. 3. Meaning • Selection is the process by which the identified problem is refined and structured by focusing on specific targets and emphasising on certain variables • We are cutting down the edges to reach a well structured problem statement
  4. 4. • What is the purpose of the study? • How much is already known? • Is additional information necessary? • What is to be ascertained or measured? • How is it to be measured?
  5. 5. Factors affecting the selection..
  6. 6. Selection Process State of scientific discipline Social Problems Personal values of the researcher Social Premiums Practical considerations
  7. 7. Evaluating the selection..
  8. 8. • Is the topic worth investigation? • Is effective data collection possible? • Is it feasible in terms of money /time? • Will it enable the development of hypothesis or a theory?
  9. 9. Focus of Selection..
  10. 10. • Selecting units of analysis Social Structures Individual Social Systems Social relationships Group of people
  11. 11. • Selecting variables Study on Purchasing behaviour Income Age Family Study on new product marketing Demand Price Advertising
  12. 12. • Selecting anticipated relationships for research Price Demand Demand Advertisement Advertisement Price
  13. 13. Formulating Research Question..
  14. 14. Research Question • A researcher, after refining his research problem, ends up in formulating the RQ, which describes the ideas contained in the research objectives. • A RQ is nothing but a refined, focused, structured and well defined statement of the research topic.
  15. 15. Techniques of developing RQ • Recording questions • Reviewing Questions • Classifying Questions • Examining the questions • Separate major or key questions
  16. 16. Types of Research Questions • ‘What’ Questions • ‘Why’ Questions • ‘How’ Questions
  17. 17. Purpose of Research Questions 1. Define Scope of the research 2. Avoiding deflection or distraction
  18. 18. Phases of developing a Research Question...
  19. 19. Phase 1 • Why is the productivity of Japan is so much higher than in India? Phase 2 • What factors were responsible for the higher labour productivity of Japans manufacturing industries during the decade of 1971-1980 relative to Indian manufacturing industries Phase 3 • To what extend did the labour productivity in 1971-80 in Japan exceed that of India in respect of 15 selected manufacturing Industries? What factors were responsible for the productivity differentials b/w the two countries by Industries
  20. 20. Conclusion • RQ/RP is the basis or foundation for every research. • Just as in case of physical structures, once you have laid down the foundation, you cannot go any further beyond its scope. • Since a RP, defines the scope of a research, one should observe maximum care and thinking while formulating the same.
  21. 21. Reference • Research methods, Ram Ahuja, Rawat Publications. • Research Methodology Techniques and Trends, Dr. Y.K. Singh & Dr. R.B. Bajpai, APH Publishing corporations. • Research Methodology, K. Chakraworthy, Sumit Enterprises. • Research Methods in Social Science, Chava Nachmias & David Nachmias, Copyrighted. • Research Methodology Methods And Techniques (2nd revised Edition), C.R. Kothari, Vishwa Prakashan Publications. • Methodology of Social Sciences, O.R. Krishnaswami, Himalaya Publishing House.
  22. 22. Further Contribution  Problems faced by small & medium retailers with respect to the new FDI Policy on retail  Impact of interest rate, inflation rate and exchange on index performance (any index such as Nifty index etc.)  Micro finance in Islamic economy  Factors that lead to investment in mutual funds ( specific type of MF)  Comparative study between current government and former government  Study on the impact of Direct Cash Transfer system on the rural economy