A presentation on environment legislation & water pollution acts. Environmental Studies is a subject which is very easy and surely a last day reading subject so why spend time on making a presentation on the same.
• Most legislation evolved in response to problems.
• We are losing our wildlife rapidly.
• Our environment shows that there are many drawbacks
in the environmental legislation.
• Problems arising in enforcement of environmental laws
Gandhinagar Institute of Technology : Department of Civil Engineering4
• Developmental process was initiated in the fourth five
• This process initiated by Department of Environment in
• Ministry of Environment and forests in September
World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
• It established in 1961 at Gland in Switzerland.
• The “Giant panda” was chose as its symbol.
• India has the membership.
• The scope and actitives are not restricted to animals only.
• WCU, WWF has taken up a plant conservation campaign.
• WWF was founded in India in 1969
• It headquarters is in Bombay.
• It’s main aims are conservation, education and research.
• Some of the important projects (WWF) such as Andma pig study, crocodile breeding
project, Ecological Survey of Western Ghats.
• WWF is earlier called world wild life fund.
• Established by UN is 1972.
• To protect world biological diversity
• UNEP’s key role led to an increase in number of rhinoceros in
Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Peninsular Malaysia and India.
• UNEP promoted the preparation of the Global Biodiversity
United Nations Environmental Program
• It is an independent international agency
• It headquarters at Morges, Switzerland
• 120 countries are members of IUCN – 60 government
and more than 500 non-government organizations
• It was established in 1948
• IUCN is now renamed as World Conservation Union
International Union for
Conservation of Nature and Natural
• The Water Act was enacted by Parliament Act, 1974 purpose to
provide for the prevention of control of water pollution and the
maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water. As on day,
it is applicable in all the states of India. In this act, unless the
context, otherwise requires
(iv) Trade effluent
Introduction & Background
An Act to provide for the prevention and control of
water pollution and the maintaining or restoring of
wholesomeness of water, for the establishment, with a
view to carrying out the purposes aforesaid, of Boards
for the prevention and control of water pollution,
for conferring on and assigning to such boards powers
and functions relating there to and for matters
Purpose of Legislation
• It provides for maintenance and restoration of quality of all types
of surface and ground water.
• It provides for the establishment of central and state boards of pollution
• It confers them with powers and functions to control pollution.
• It has provision for funds, budgets, accounts and audit of the central and
state pollution control boards.
• It also makes provision for various penalties for the defaulters and
procedure for the same.
Features of Act
Their main objectives
• It advises the central government in matters related to prevention and control
of water pollution.
• All the state pollution control boards (SPCBs) are guided and technically assisted
• It organizes training programs for prevention and control of pollution at various
• It plans nation-wide programs for prevention, control or abatement of pollution.
• It establishes and recognizes laboratories for analysis of water, sewage or trade
Central Pollution Control Board
The state pollution control boards (SPCBs) also have similar functions to be
executed at state level and are governed by the directions of CPCB.
Their main objectives
• The board advices the state government with respect to the locations of any
industry that might pollute a stream, well or any water body.
• It lays down standard for effluents and is empowered to take samples from any
stream, well or trade effluent or sewage passing through an industry.
• Every industry has to obtain consent from the Board (granted for a fixed
duration) by applying on a prescribed Proforma providing all technical details,
along with a prescribed fee following which analysis of the effluent is carried
• The Board suggests efficient methods for utilization, treatment and disposal of
State Pollution Control Board
Wastewater gen (mld) BOD Generation (t/d) BOD Discharge (t/d)
Comparision of pollution load generation from domestic and