Training techniques kda-gajaba gunawardena

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Training techniques kda-gajaba gunawardena

  1. 1. TRAINING TECHNIQUES PRESENTED BYGAJABA PERERA-GUNAWARDENA FORSIR JOHN KOTALAWALA DEFENCE ACADEMY
  2. 2. SESSION OBJECTIVES INTRODUCTION TO TRAINING WHY TRAIN? TRAINING METHODOLOGY TRAINING STRATEGIES SELECTION OF TRAINING METHODS COMMON TRAINING METHODS
  3. 3. LEARNING  LEARNING IS ARELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR RESULTING FROM EXPERIENCE
  4. 4. TRAININGTRAINING IS A DELIBERATE AND DESIGNED ATTEMPT TO CHANGE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS ANDATTITUDES REQUIRED TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC JOB OR A TASK TO SATISFY A PREDETERMINED PERFORMANCE ∗∗
  5. 5. TRAINING NEEDS A TRAINING NEED IS A GAP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES REQUIRED IN A JOB,AND THE KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS AND ATTITUDES OF THE PERSON CARRYING OUT THAT **
  6. 6. TRAINING NEED ANALYSIS ** ACTUAL DESIRED GAP KSA KSA TRAINING LEVELS NEED SOURCES HUMAN RESOURC PLANNING•GANIZATIONAL SUCCESSION PLANNING CUSTOMER FEEDBACK•OCCUPATIONAL QUALITY CONTROL FEEDBACK•INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SUPERIOR OFFICER’S REPORT
  7. 7. TRAINING OBJECTIVES TRAINING OBJECTIVES SPECIFY THE SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES THAT THE TRAINEE WILL POSSESS AT THE END OF THE TRAINING PROGRAM TRAINING OBJECTIVES SHOULD BE IN THE SMART FRAMEWORK
  8. 8. IMPORTANCE OF OBJECTIVES ENSURE THAT THE PROGRAM WILL RESPOND TO THE NEEDS IDENTIFIED DETERMINE THE SELECTION OF TRAINING MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY SERVE AS A BASIS FOR EVALUATING THE PROGRAM
  9. 9. KEY ELEMENTS (1) ACTION: WHAT TRAINEE WILL BE ABLE TO DO AT THE END OF THE TRAINING . ACTIONS (OR PERFORMANCE) MUST BE OBSERVABLE, MEASURABLE AND EXPRESSED IN VERBS OF OPERATIONS
  10. 10. KEY ELEMENTS (2) CONDITIONS: THEY ARE THE RESOURCES (BOOKS, EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, TOOLS) A TRAINEE WILL BE ALLOWED TO USE TO CARRY OUT THE ACTION (PERFORMANCE)
  11. 11. KEY ELEMENT (3) CRITERIA: ARE THE STANDARDS BY WHICH A TRAINEE’S PERFORMANCE WILL BE EVALUATED. CRITERIA ARE RELATED TO BOTH QUALITY AND QUANTITY BASED ON THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE WORKPLACE.
  12. 12. OBJECTIVE FRAMEWORK AN OBJECTIVE SHOULD STATE: THE FINAL BEHAVIOR (AN OBSERVABLE ACTION) THE CONDITION FOR PERFORMANCE THE STANDARDS TO BE REACHED FOR A SUCCESSFUL PERFORMANCE (MEASURABLE CRITERIA)
  13. 13. BASIC APPROACHES TO TRAINING PEDAGOGIC OR  ANDRAGOGIC OR DIDACTIC  PARTICIPATORY TEACHER  PARTICIPANT CENTERED CENTERED  MULTI- ONE-WAY DIRECTIONAL COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION STRUCTURED  FLEXIBLE AND ADAPTABLE
  14. 14. TRAINING METHODOLOGY  INSTRUCTIVE  INTERACTIVE  PARTICIPATIVE
  15. 15. Main Factors Affecting the Choice of Training Methods Human factors Objectives•Teacher (trainer) •Knowledge•Participants •Skills•Environment •Attitudes Time and Material FactorsSubject Area •Time•Special subject •Finance•Inter-disciplinary •Teaching facilities problems Principles of Learning •Motivation •Active involvement •Individual approach •Sequencing and structuring •Feedback •Transfer
  16. 16. COMMON TRAINING METHODS LECTURE METHOD DISCUSSION METHOD CASE STUDY METHOD
  17. 17. PLAN YOUR LECTURE REVIEW THE NEED SET UP THE LEARNING OBJECTIVES ORGANIZE THE CONTENT FOLLOW THE SEQUENCE PRINCIPLE PLAN ILLUSTRATIONS & EXAMPLES PLAN THE VISUAL AIDS PLAN YOUR DELIVERY WITHIN THE TIME
  18. 18. DELIVER BE CONFIDENT USE THE THREE Vs VOICE VOCALS AND VISUALS KEEP EYE CONTACT KEEP YOUR POSTURE BE NATURAL
  19. 19. DISCUSSION MORE AN INTERACTIVE METHODOLOGY BREAKS THE MONOTONY OF LONG LECTURE PRESENTATIONS MOTIVATES & STIMULATES PARTICIPANTS IMPROVES TEAM WORK ATTITUDES
  20. 20. PLAN THE DISCUSSION LEAD OR APPOINT A LEADER IDENTIFY THE MAIN POINTS IDENTIFY BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS ENCOURAGE THE SHY REWARD COMMENTS AND QUESTIONS GUIDE AND MONITOR SUMMARIZE & CONCLUDE
  21. 21. CASE STUDY A COMBINATION OF LECTURETTE AND STRUCTURED DISCUSSION METHOD FOR PROBLEM SOLVING EXPLAIN THE CASE ALLOW INDIVIDUAL WORK PROMOTE TO GROUP LEVEL ENCOURAGE GROUP PRESENTATION PROMOTE DISCUSSION
  22. 22. CONCLUSION PURPOSE OF TRAINING IS TO IMPROVE KSA IN PERFORMING THE CURRENT JOB. -- THEREFORE TRAINING SHOULD IDEALLY BE ADDRESSED TO IDENTIFIED TRAINING NEEDS. ** CHOICE OF TRAINING METHODS DEPENDS ON 05 MAJOR FACTORS. **

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