Counter Guerrilla Warfare

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Counter Guerrilla Warfare

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Counter Guerrilla Warfare

  1. 1. COUNTER GUERRILLA WARFARE
  2. 3. “ THIS IS ANOTHER TYPE OF WAR NEW IN ITS INTENSITY, ANCIENT IN ITS ORIGINS – WAR BY GUERRILLAS, SUBVERSIVES, INSURGENTS, ASSASSINS; WAR BY AMBUSH INSTEAD OF COMBAT; BY INFILTRATION INSTEAD OF AGGRESSION…..
  3. 4. .....SEEKING VICTORY BY ERODING AND EXHAUSTING THE ENEMY INSTEAD OF ENGAGING HIM…IT REQUIRES IN THOSE SITUATIONS WHERE WE MUST COUNTER IT…A WHOLE NEW KIND OF STRATEGY, A WHOLLY DIFFERENT KIND OF FORCE, AND THEREFORE…..
  4. 5. … ..A NEW AND WHOLLY DIFFERENT KIND OF MILITARY TRAINING”. JOHN F KENNEDY, 1962
  5. 6. SEQUENCE * INTRODUCTION * INSURGENCY
  6. 7. SEQUENCE * COUNTER- - INSURGENCY * COUNTER GUERRILLA- -OPERATIONS
  7. 8. INTRODUCTION
  8. 9. SINCE WORLD WAR II, OVER 190 CONFLICTS WORLD-WIDE 8 MILLION TROOPS KILLED 1,20,000 KILLED IN SRI LANKA
  9. 10. DEFINITION INSURGENCY TERRORISM LOW-INTENSITY OPERATIONS PROXY WAR LIBERATION WAR GUERRILLA WAR
  10. 11. “ A POLITICO-MILITARY CONFRONTATION BETWEEN AN ESTABLISHED AUTHORITY (STATE) AND GROUP (S) OF PEOPLE, WITH OR WITHOUT EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE, BELOW CONVENTIONAL WAR BUT …………….
  11. 12. ……… .ABOVE THE ROUTINE PEACEFUL CONTESTS OR COMPETITION WITH A VIEW TO ACHIEVE THEIR ENDS. IT IS WAGED BY A NUMBER OF MEANS EMPLOYING POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, CULTURAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, INFORMATIONAL, AND MILITARY INSTITUTIONS”
  12. 13. TECHNIQUES & TACTICS APPLIED SUCCESSFULLY IN ONE OPERATION MAY NOT BE SUITABLE IF APPLIED IN THE SAME MANNER IN ANOTHER SITUATION TECHNOLOGICAL AND INFORMATIONAL ADVANCES HAVE GIVEN NEW DIMENSION TO THIS KIND OF WAR
  13. 14. MASS SOCIAL UNREST, CRIMINALIZATION OF POLITICS, DIVISIVE TENDENCIES IN OUR SOCIETY AND INFILTRATION OF FOREIGN TRAINED NATIVE OR ALIEN AGENTS WILL BRING ABOUT INSTABILITY, MAKING FERTILE GROUND FOR SUCH CONFLICTS
  14. 15. ULTIMATE SOLUTION TO SUCH CONFLICTS HAS TO BE AN ECONOMIC, SOCIAL & POLITICAL ONE, WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF NATIONAL INTEGRITY, SOVERIGNITY & EXISTING POLITICAL SYSTEM
  15. 16. CONTAINMENT RATIO - 19 SOLDIERS TO 01 ENEMY BREAKTHROUGH RATIO - 30 SOLDIERS TO 01 ENEMY
  16. 17. SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT HIGH INTENSITY MID INTENSITY LOW INTENSITY
  17. 18. SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT HIGH INTENSITY NUCLEAR HOSTILITIES
  18. 19. SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT MID INTENSITY MAJOR CONVENTIONAL HOSTILITIES
  19. 20. SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT LOW INTENSITY MINOR HOSTILITIES GUERRILLA WAR INSURGENCY
  20. 21. SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT LOW INTENSITY REVOLUTIONARY WAR CIVIL WAR PROXY WAR
  21. 22. INSURGENCY
  22. 23. “ AN ARMED REBELLION BY A SECTION OF POPULATION AGAINST THE LEGALLY CONSTITUTED GOVERNMENT, WITH THE SUPPORT OR SYMPATHY OF THE LOCAL POPULATION, OBTAINED VOLUNTARILY OR BY COERCION”
  23. 24. IT COVERS THE FULL SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT FROM SUBVERSION TO FULL SCALE GUERRILLA WAR, INCLUDING THE EMERGENCE OF GUERRILLA BANDS INTO REGIONAL UNITS
  24. 25. PRE-REQUISITES VULNERABLE POPULATION LEADERSHIP AVAILABLE FOR DIRECTION
  25. 26. PRE-REQUISITES LACK OF GOVERNMENT CONTROL
  26. 27. OTHER CONDITIONS POPULAR SUPPORT UNITY OF EFFORT WILL TO RESIST
  27. 28. OTHER CONDITIONS LEADERSHIP DISCIPLINE INTELLIGENCE
  28. 29. OTHER CONDITIONS PROPAGANDA FAVOURABLE ENVIRONMENT EXTERNAL SUPPORT
  29. 30. ORGANIZATION COMMAND MILITARY POLITICAL OVERT COVERT OVERT
  30. 31. PHASES OF DEVELOPMENT LATENT & INCIPIENT INSURGENCY GUERRILLA WARFARE WAR OF MOVEMENT
  31. 32. LATENT & INCIPIENT INSURGENCY PHASE I <ul><li>INFILTRATION </li></ul><ul><li>SUBVERSION </li></ul><ul><li>SABOTAGE </li></ul><ul><li>ASSASINATION </li></ul>
  32. 33. GUERRILLA WARFARE PHASE II <ul><li>SUPPORT BASE </li></ul><ul><li>FINANCIAL BASE </li></ul><ul><li>TERRORISM </li></ul><ul><li>GUERRILLA OPERATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>FORCES GOVERNMENT TROOPS </li></ul><ul><li>INTO DEFENSIVE ROLE </li></ul>
  33. 34. WAR OF MOVEMENT PHASE III <ul><li>FORCE STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>DIRECT ENGAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>CONVENTIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>OPERATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>EXTENSIVE DEFENCES </li></ul><ul><li>REPLACES GOVERNMENT </li></ul>
  34. 35. COUNTER INSURGENCY
  35. 36. COUNTER-INSURGENCY “ ALL MEASURES OF GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES TO COMBAT INSURGENCY INCLUDING OPERATIONS BY THE MILITARY, CIVIL, POLICE, AS WELL AS ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS AIMED AT WINNING OVER THE PEOPLE”
  36. 37. TARGET GROUPS POPULATION INSURGENTS EXTERNAL ACTORS
  37. 38. RULES OF ENGAGEMENT BE APPROPRIATE BE JUSTIFIABLE USE MINIMUM FORCE DO MAXIMUM BENEFIT DO MINIMUM DAMAGE
  38. 39. MILITARY ROLE INTELLIGENCE PSYCHOLOGICAL OPS CIVIC ACTION
  39. 40. MILITARY ROLE POPULACE AND RESOURCE CONTROL ADVISORY ASSISTANCE TACTICAL OPERATIONS
  40. 41. COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS
  41. 42. “ COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS ARE DIRECTED AT THE ACTIVE MILITARY ELEMENT OF THE INSURGENT MOVEMENT. TO THIS END, COUNTER GUERRILLA OPS ARE VIEWED AS A SUPPORTING COMPONENT OF THE COUNTER INSURGENCY EFFORT”
  42. 43. CHALLENGES TO THE MILITARY THE BATTLE FIELD LEADERSHIP READINESS TRAINING
  43. 44. THE THREAT
  44. 45. AIMS & GOALS -SUPPORT OVERALL AIM OF THE INSURGENT MOVEMENT -GAIN SUPPORT FOR THE INSURGENT MOVEMENT -INCREASE POPULATION’S VULNERABILITIES
  45. 46. AIMS & GOALS -LESSEN GOVERNMENT CONTROL -PROVIDE PSYCHOLOGICAL VICTORIES -TIE UP GOVERNMENT RESOURCES
  46. 47. AIMS & GOALS -WEAKEN THE RESOLVE OF FORCES
  47. 48. FACTORS AFFECTING GUERRILLAS TERRAIN CLIMATE POLITICAL FACTOR SOCIOLOGICAL FACTOR ECONOMIC FACTOR
  48. 49. CHARACTERISTICS OF A GUERRILLA
  49. 50. GUERRILLA STRENGTHS INTELLIGENCE INDIGENOUS CHARACTER KNOWLEDGE MOTIVATION & DISCIPLINE
  50. 51. GUERRILLA STRENGTHS LIMITED RESPONSIBILITIES TACTICS PHYSICAL CONDITION
  51. 52. GUERRILLA WEAKNESSES LIMITED PERSONNEL & RESOURCES INDIVIDUAL FACTORS OPERATIONAL FACTORS
  52. 53. TACTICS TERRORISM HARASSMENT SUICIDAL OPS INFANTRY OPS
  53. 54. TACTICAL COUNTER GUERRILLA OPERATIONS
  54. 55. “ TO REDUCE THE GUERRILLA THREAT OR ACTIVITY IN THE AREA, AND TO PROVIDE A FAVOURABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR THE GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM”
  55. 56. “ WHEN THE GUERRILLA THREAT IS REDUCED, DEVELOPMENT CAN BEGIN, AND WHEN DEVELOPMENT WORKS, THE CAUSES OF DISSATISFACTION WHICH GAVE RISE TO THE INSURGENCY ARE ALLEVIATED”
  56. 57. “ THIS DEPRIVES THE GUERRILLA OF BOTH POPULAR SUPPORT AND A REASON FOR FIGHTING – WHICH HE NEEDS TO SURVIVE”
  57. 58. SEQUENCE OF DEPLOYMENT IDENTIFY TAOR GAIN INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS SUPPORT BASE FORWARD OPERATIONS BASE / GROUP HQ
  58. 59. SEQUENCE OF DEPLOYMENT WING - OPERATIONAL AREA / WING HQ SQN - SPECIFIC AREA / SQN COMD POST FLT - SPECIFIC MISSIONS / FLT CP TAC HQ
  59. 60. TACTICAL OPERATIONS STRIKE OPS CONSOLIDATION OPS

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