Present perfect tense


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Present perfect tense

  1. 1. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comPRESENT PERFECT TENSE BY MANISHA VAGHLA 1
  2. 2. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comCONTENT Introduction Meaning Definition A present perfect in positive form A present perfect in Negative form Present perfect on the verb “go” Interrogative Sentences 2
  3. 3. BY: manisha vaghela CONTINUE… Use of “FOR” and “SINCE” Structure of Active - Passive Voice Examples of Active – Passive voice Past participle of the verbs Examples Bibliography 3
  4. 4. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comINTRODUCTION The present perfect tense is a rather important tense in English, but it gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. That is because it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in those languages. In fact, the structure of the present perfect tense is very simple. The problems come with the use of the tense. In addition, there are some differences in usage between British and American English. 4
  5. 5. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comWHAT IS THE PRESENT PERFECT ? We use the present perfect to describe an action that happened just before now. You can not use the present perfect to say things like: Yesterday, One year ago, When I lived in Japan, that day, One day, etc. 5
  6. 6. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comDEFINITION An aspect of the verb expressing an action that began in the past and which has been completed or continues into the present. The present perfect is formed by combining has or have with a past participle. 6
  7. 7. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comTHE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE INPOSITIVE FORMI/YOU/WE/THEY Have SpokenHE/SHE/IT Has spoken 7
  8. 8. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comTHE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE IN NEGATIVEFORMI/YOU/WE/THEY Haven’t spokenHE/SHE/IT Hasn’t spoken 8
  9. 9. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comPRESENT PERFECT OF THE VERB “GO”.POSITIVE NEGATIVEI have gone. I haven’t gone.You have gone. You haven’t goneWe have gone. We haven’t goneHe/She/It has gone. He/She/It hasn’t gone.They have gone. They haven’t gone. 9
  10. 10. INTERROGATIVE BY: manisha vaghela Have I eaten? Have you eaten? 10
  11. 11. BY: manisha vaghelaHas he eaten?Has she eaten? 11
  12. 12. BY: manisha vaghelaHas it eaten?Have we eaten? 12
  13. 13. BY: manisha vaghelaHave they eaten? 13
  14. 14. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comWHEN DO WE USE “FOR” AND “SINCE”? We use “FOR” with a period of time,For example:- For a few days, For half an hour. For two years. For a year. For three hours. 14
  15. 15. BY: manisha vaghela We use “SINCE” with the time when the action standard,For example:- Since last year Since June 8th Since I met you Since last Week 15
  16. 16. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comSTRUCTURE OF ACTIVE – PASSIVE VOICEActive Voice:-SUBJECT + HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE + OBJECT.Passive voice:-OBJECT + HAD BEEN +PAST PARTICIPLE + BY + SUBJECT. 16
  17. 17. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comEXAMPLES OF ACTIVE VOICE - PASSIVE1) I had eaten an apple. – Active An apple had been eaten by me.- Passive2) Swati had finished her homework.- Active Her homework had been finished by Swati.- Passive3) Namin had bought a car.- Active A car had been bought by Namin.- Passive 17
  18. 18. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comSAY THE PAST PARTICIPLES OF THE VERBSSee Seen teach taughtCut Cut ring rungWork Worked do doneLeave Left eat eatenFeed fed catch caughtBring brought sing sungSwim swum buy bought 18
  19. 19. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comCOMPLETE THE BLANKS WITH THE PRESENTPERFECT TENSE.1. I …have…seen..( seen) that film before.2. We……(read) three English books in class.3. My mother…has..been…(be) to London twice this year.4. The children…have..eaten…(eat) breakfast.5. You…have..drunk…(drink) all the coffee. 19
  20. 20. BY: manisha vaghela vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.comBIBLIOGRAPHY Objective English for Competitive Examinations - Hari Mohan Prasad - Uma Rani sinha Business Communication Concepts, Cases and Applications - P.D. Chaturvedi - Mukesh Chaturvedi 20
  21. 21. Thank BY: manisha vaghela 21