Johari window

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Johari window

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING SELF AND OTHERS THROUGH BYJOHARI WINDOWS AND TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS BY MANISHA VAGHELA BY:MANISHA VAGHELA vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com 1
  2. 2. FLOW OF PRESENTATION  Introduction  Types of area  Adjectives  Transactional analysis  Types of transactional analysis  Conclusion  Bibliographyvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The Johari Window is a communication model that can be used to improve understanding between individuals. johari window is developed by American psychologists Joseph luft and harry Ingham in the 1950, calling it ‘JOHARI’ after combining their first names, JOE and HARRY. It is a simple and useful tool for understanding and training self-awareness,vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 3
  4. 4. personal development, improvingCommunications, interpersonal relationships, teamdevelopment and inter Group development. Also referred to as ‘disclosure’ feedbackmodel of self- awareness, and an informationprocessing tool, experience, views, attitudes, skills,motivation etc. Johari window classifies behavior in amatrix from between What is known-unknown toself and what is Known- unknown to others?vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 4
  5. 5. sometimes, awareness may form a shared one also johari window adopts regions or areas or quadrants to classify the known, Unknown to self and others each quadrant contains and represents the information. There are four areas are:vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 5
  6. 6. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 6
  7. 7. Two key ideas behind the tool:  Individuals can build trust between themselves by disclosing information about themselves.  They can learn about themselves and come to terms with personal issues with the help of feedback from others.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 7
  8. 8. Using the Johari model, each person is represented by their own four-quadrant, or four-pane, window. Each of these contains and represents personal information - feelings, motivation - about the person, and shows whether the information is known or not known by themselves or other people.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 8
  9. 9.  Johari window is method or tool to describe one’s personality  Johari window helps us to know our self the four types of self in the johari window format:vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 9
  10. 10. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 10
  11. 11. TYPES OF AREAS ARENA /OPEN SELF/FREE AREAS  Adjectives selected by both the participant and his or her peers are placed into the Arena quadrant. This quadrant represents traits of the participant of which both they and their peers are aware.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 11
  12. 12. FAÇADE/ HIDDEN AREA/ HIDDENSEIF  Adjectives selected only by the participant, but not by any of their peers, are placed into the Façade quadrant, representing information about the participant of which their peers are unaware. It is then up to the participant whether or not to disclose this information.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 12
  13. 13. BLIND SPOTS/BLIND AREA  Adjectives that are not selected by the participant but only by their peers are placed into the Blind Spot quadrant. These represent information of which the participant is not aware, but others are, and they can decide whether and how to inform the individual about these "blind spots".vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 13
  14. 14. UNKNOWNAREA / UNKNOWN SELF  Adjectives which were not selected by either the participant or their peers remain in the Unknown quadrant, representing the participants behaviors or motives which were not recognized by anyone participating. This may be because they do not apply, or because there is collective ignorance of the existence of that trait.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 14
  15. 15. Key Points:  In most cases, the aim in groups should be to develop the Arena for every person.  Working in this area with others usually allows for enhanced individual and team effectiveness and productivity. The Arena is the ‘space’ where good communications and cooperation occur, free from confusion, conflict and misunderstanding.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 15
  16. 16.  Self-disclosure is the process by which people expand the Arena vertically. Feedback is the process by which people expand this area horizontally. By encouraging healthy self-disclosure and sensitive feedback, you can build a stronger and more effective team.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 16
  17. 17. 55 ADJECTIVESable dependable intelligent patient sensibleaccepting dignified introverted powerful sentimentaladaptable energetic kind proud shybold extroverted Knowledgeable quiet sillybrave friendly logical reflective spontaneouscalm giving loving relaxed sympatheticcaring happy mature religious tensecheerful helpful modest responsive trustworthyclever idealistic nervous searching warmcomplex independent observant self-assertive wiseconfident ingenious organized self-conscious witty vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 17
  18. 18. example By using johari window know our self and improve open self area. If I have open self area. I make a good relationship and I win today’s competitive.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 18
  19. 19. Following diagrams shows my relationship with my friend on first day of frank Finn.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 19
  20. 20. Blind area Open/free area Unknown area Hidden areavaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 20
  21. 21. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 21
  22. 22.  I have hidden self personality because I am not share my thoughts, ideas with other person. I have many good qualities.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 22
  23. 23. Transactional Analysis  Model of Communication Theory of Personality. A study of repetitive patterns of behavior. In every social interaction, there is a motivation provided by one person and a reaction to that motivation given by another person. This motivation-reaction relationship between two persons is a transaction.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 23
  24. 24.  According to Eric Berne, when two people encounter each other, one of them will speak to the other. This is called the Transaction Stimulus. The reaction from the other person is called the Transaction Response. The person sending the Stimulus is called the Agent. The person who responds is called the Respondent. Transactional analysis (TA) is a technique used to help people better understand their own and others behavior, especially in interpersonal relationships."vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 24
  25. 25.  Transactional analysis is primarily concerned with the following : (i) Analysis of Self Awareness (ii) Analysis of Ego states (iii) Analysis of Transactions (iv) Script analysis (v) Games analysis (vi) Analysis of life positions.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 25
  26. 26. Ego states Ego states are unrelated to chronologicalAge. Each human being are several human beings,existing at the same time depending upon how the person is behaving at any moment. We operate from three ego states,1. PARENT2. ADULT3. CHILDvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 26
  27. 27. example my cousin always give advise about my Education, career etc… I listen to them, that time she was in parents ego states, I am in positive child ego states. When I give advise my sister about education, career etc…that time I was in parents ego states. My sister is in positive child ego states.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 27
  28. 28.  Adult ego state is good. ADULT ADULT SOLVING PROBLEM  Adult control over the transaction.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 28
  29. 29. Script Analysis :  Script Analysis In a Laymans view, a script is the text of a play, motion picture or radio or TV programmed. In TA, a persons life is compared to a play and the script is the text of that play. As SHAKESPEARE said, "All the world is a stage. And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances. Each man in his time play many parts.“ According to Eric Berne, "A script is an ongoing programmed, developed in early childhood under parental influence which directs the individual behavior in the most important aspect of his life."vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 29
  30. 30.  Script Analysis The roles are said to be illegitimate if they are used like masks and people use them for the purposes of manipulation. These are : A prosecutor: Someone who sets unnecessary strict limits on behavior or is charged with enforcing the rules. but does so with sadistic brutality. A victim: Someone who does not qualify for a job but falsely.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 30
  31. 31. Games Analysis: Games Analysis When people fail to get enough strokes at work they may try a variety of things. One of the most important thing is that they play psychological games. A psychological game is a set of transactions with three characteristics: (i) The transaction tends to be repeated. (ii) They make sense on superficial or social level. (iii) One or more of the transactions is ulterior. Psychological games prevent people and organizations to become winners.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 31
  32. 32.  Games Analysis Jongeward has suggested the following steps to overcome psychological games: 1. Avoidance of the complementary hand 2. Avoidance of acting roles involved in games particularly, victim roles. 3. Avoidance of putting other people down. 4. Avoidance of putting oneself down. 5. Giving and taking positive strokes as against negative strokes. 6. Investing more of lifes time in activities and intimacy 7. Leveling the thinking with othersvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 32
  33. 33. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 33
  34. 34. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 34
  35. 35. Types of Transactions  Berne identifies two types of transactions: 1. Complementary Transactions 2. Crossed Transactionsvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 35
  36. 36. 1) Complementary transactions Examples of Complementary Transactions Parent-Parent, Adult- Adult, Child-Child, Child-Parent, Parent- Child, Child-Adult, Adult-Child, Adult- Parent, Parent-Adultvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 36
  37. 37.  First Rule of Communication  We have the first rule of communication in TA : "When TS and TR on the P-A-C diagram make parallel lines, the transaction can go on indefinitely."vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 37
  38. 38. 2) Crossed Transactions Examples of Crossed Transactions  Adult-Adult and Parent- Child; Adult-Adult and Child-Parent; Parent-Child and Parent-Child; Child- Parent and Child-Parentvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 38
  39. 39.  Second Rule of Communication Here we have the second rule of communication in TA: "When TS and TR in the P-A-C diagram cross each other, communication stops."vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 39
  40. 40. CONCLUSION  By using johari window can be improve open self area and get better opportunity.  By interpersonal behavior can be maintain good relation and success in life  By transaction analysis can be maintaining adult over the transaction.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 40
  41. 41. Bibliography  organizational behavious Dr. padma V. upadhya P. subhaschandra bose  Human relations and organisational behaviour Nirmal singh Deep & Deep publications pvt. Ltd.vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 41
  42. 42.  Management principles and practices Lallan prasad S.S.gulshanvaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 42
  43. 43. vaghela_manisha13@yahoo.com BY:MANISHA VAGHELA 43

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