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Ppt hugo benefits of biodiversity cbmcop11-hlfinal


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Ppt hugo benefits of biodiversity cbmcop11-hlfinal

  1. 1. The benefits of native Garcinia and Mangifera species in South and South East Asia showcasing integrated approach for on-farm (in situ) conservation and use in practice Biodiversity and Development COP11 11 October 2012 Hugo Lamers & Bhuwon Sthapit
  2. 2. Outline presentation • • • • • • Importance and benefits of tropical fruit tree diversity Where is diversity found; focus of the project On-farm/in-situ conservation; why and how? CBM approach, methods and tools Garcinia & Mangifera in Western Ghats India Take home message
  3. 3. Three type of benefits from TFT diversity Global • Fundamental source for new seedling material through open pollination and human & natural selection Local • Eco-system services (pollination, lower pest & disease pressure) Private • • • • Risk management (economic, agronomic resilience) Source of food items (nutritional diversity) Source of non-food items Source of income
  4. 4. Context: Diverse production systems conserving tree genetic resources! 1. Natural forest systemswild species 2. Buffer zones in protected forests 3. Community forestry/economic forest 4. Home gardens 5. Semi-commercial orchards 6. Commercial orchards 7. Field gene banks Tropical Fruit Tree Diversity In-situ On-farm Ex-situ
  5. 5. Why on-farm/in-situ conservation of PGR? • Global • Local Private • • • Allows the evolutionary process to create new diversity through geneflow and human and natural selection Enables interaction with other species and vital functions within agro-ecosystems (provision of ecosystem services like pollination) Conserves and updates the cultural and traditional knowledge that is associated with the species or varieties about its uses, values and characteristics Recognizes farmers’ rights - farmers as breeders Fruit tree species are recalcitrant – seeds loose germination power in cold ex-situ storage – field gene banks always lack space
  6. 6. On-farm/in-situ conservation through use • What/which diversity is still there? • Why do people maintain diversity/what are the benefits of TFT for rural communities? • Who/what are the driving forces or threats? • How is TFT diversity conserved on-farm/insitu? • How to strengthen and support these practices? How to intervene?
  7. 7. Community Biodiversity Management key outputs, tools , process & outcomes Agricultural & natural biodiversity Knowledge, skills & values Conservation Governance, Rules & Regulations, Recognition Driving force Social & institutional empowerment CBM Social Poverty inclusion reduction Farm strategies & activities (SLA) Livelihood benefits & income
  8. 8. Community Biodiversity Management Process-led approach: • Consolidating local institutions’ and farmers’ roles • 9 steps from site selection to value addition Type of Activities: • Documenting diversity • Creating awareness • Set-up local nurseries • Capacity building • Added value activities Methods & tools: • Four Cell Analysis • Fruit Catalogue/CBR • Diversity fair • Community seed bank • Participatory variety selection/breeding • Identify good practices • Identify custodian farmers • Diversity Fund • Rapid Market Appraisal Ok, but how is it done in the field?
  9. 9. Western Ghats in India one of 34 hotspots of biodiversity 1.165 Households • Salkani Cluster • Kuliveedu Cluster • Kumta Cluster India Karnataka State Uttara Kannada dist
  10. 10. Mosaic of landscapes: with patches of agricultural land and forests
  11. 11. 1. Agricultural biodiversity: Diversity assessment & introduction of wild species in home gardens CBM
  12. 12. CBM 2. Network of grafting experts to conserve the knowledge along unique fruit tree diversity
  13. 13. 3. Social & Institutional empowerment: Village forest committees, betta-land regulations and the right of harvesting CBM
  14. 14. 4. Livelihood benefits & income: Product innovation & sales of traditional mango pickle and kokum jam by local women groups CBM
  15. 15. Intermediate outcomes & impact 2012 1. Diversity and related knowledge assessed and documented; 48 M. indica (mango) varieties, 3 Garcinia species, 11 types taken up for promotion incl. 8 pickle mango, 2 table mango and 1 Garcinia species (white kokum). 2. Conservation action identified and put in place through grafting experts 3. Village forest committees obtained for first time the right to join tender and won right of harvesting in buffer zone forest in 2012 4. High demand for mango appe midi saplings by local farming households, just as white type of G. indica 4. Women self help groups directly involved in the development and launch of new products like jam, pickle, candles, soap & instant powder for kokum juice
  16. 16. Study sites (4 countries; 22 sites; 36 communities; 15,000 HHs)
  17. 17. produced Local food culture Thailand Side grafting Thailand Promoting Aroi-aroi Malaysia
  18. 18. Way forward and take home message • Not everywhere - works best in diversity hotspots • CBM is challenging & requires shift in paradigm • CBM is long-term effort – need more research in sentinel sites • The only holistic & community-based approach to date • If implemented successfully, it conserves biodiversity while creating multiple benefits such as increased incomes, lower income & harvest risks, enhance ecosystem services, improved nutrition, strengthen local institutions, gender equality, recognition of custodianship and resilient communities
  19. 19. Thank you! Hugo Lamers Socio-economics & marketing Bioversity International With many thanks for: Dr. Vasudeva (College of Forestry, Sirsi) Mr. Narasimha Hegde (Lifetrust, Sirsi Dr. Gajanana (IIHR, Bangalore)