SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Download to read offline
A PRESENTATION ON
CHEMICAL REACTOR
PRESENTED BY
Chandramani Manish
5/1/2015 1
Introduction
Reactor is the heart of chemical process.
A vessel is designed to contain chemical
reaction is called a reactor.
An industrial reactor is a complex chemical
device in which heat transfer, mass transfer,
diffusion and friction may occur along with
chemicals with the provision of safety and
control.
5/1/2015 2
Basic Principle
All chemical process are centered in a
chemical reactor. The design of a chemical
reactor is the most important factor in
determining the overall process economics.
Reaction Type
1. Direct combination or synthetic reaction .
A + B = AB
2. Chemical decomposition or analysis
reaction.
AB = A + B
5/1/2015 3
Reactor Types
5/1/2015 4
Classification by mode of
operation.
 Batch Reactor
Batch reactors are used for most of the reactions
carried out in a laboratory.
A batch reactor is typically tank in which stirring
impellers, gas bubbles, or a pump around loop
where a fraction of the reactants is removed and
externally re circulated back to the reactor.
Application
•Fermentation of beverage product
•Waste water treatment.
5/1/2015 5
Batch Reactor
5/1/2015 6
Continuous Reactor
Reactants are added and products removed
continuously at a constant mass flow rate. Large
daily production rates are mostly conducted in
continuous reactor.
5/1/2015 7
Types of continuous reactor.
(a)Tubular reactors
5/1/2015 8
(b) Fixed bed reactors
5/1/2015 9
(c) Fluid bed reactors
5/1/2015 10
(d) Continuous stirred tank
reactors, CSTR
5/1/2015 11
Semi Batch Reactor
Semi batch reactor are especially favored when
there are large heat effects and heat transfer
capability is limited. Exothermic reactions may be
slowed down and endothermic reactions controlled
by limiting reagent concentration.
5/1/2015 12
Classification by END USE
BASED.
1 Polymerization reactor
Polymerization reactor convert raw materials
to polymers having a specific molecular
weight and functionality. The difference
between polymerization and chemical reactor
is artificially based on the size of the
molecule produced.
5/1/2015 13
2. Biological reactor
Bioreactors utilize (often genetically
manipulated) organisms to catalyze
bioferansformations either aerobically (in
presence of air) or an aerobically(without air
presence).
5/1/2015 14
3. Electrochemical Reactor.
Electrochemical reactors use electricity to
derive desired reactions.
Example include synthesis of Na metal from
NaCL and AL from bauxite ore.
A verity of reactor types are employed for
specialty materials synthesis alications (e.g.,
electronics, defense and other.
5/1/2015 15
Classification on PHASE
BASED.
1.Single phase
Single phase reactors are typically gas-(or
plasma) or liquid-phase reactors.
2. Multiphase
Multiphase reactors typically have more than
two phases present. The most common
type of multiphase reactor is a gas-liquid-
solid reactor; however, liquid –liquid-solid
reactors are also used. The classification
by phases will be used to develop the
contents of this section.
5/1/2015 16
Classification by CATALYST
based.
1. Homogenous
The catalyst in the same phase as the
reactant.
2. Heterogeneous
Involves the use of a catalyst in
different phase from the reactants.
5/1/2015 17
5/1/2015 18

More Related Content

What's hot

Batch reactor designing
Batch reactor designingBatch reactor designing
Batch reactor designingUsman Shah
 
Intro to reactor design
Intro to reactor designIntro to reactor design
Intro to reactor designUsman Shah
 
Space time and Space velocity, CSTR
Space time and Space velocity, CSTRSpace time and Space velocity, CSTR
Space time and Space velocity, CSTRMujeeb UR Rahman
 
Distillation Column
Distillation ColumnDistillation Column
Distillation ColumnKhalid Nawaz
 
chemical reaction engineering
chemical reaction engineeringchemical reaction engineering
chemical reaction engineeringH.M.Azam Azam
 
Types of Distillation & column internals
Types of Distillation & column internalsTypes of Distillation & column internals
Types of Distillation & column internalsBharat Kumar
 
Material & Energy Balance for Distillation
Material & Energy Balance for DistillationMaterial & Energy Balance for Distillation
Material & Energy Balance for DistillationPankaj Khandelwal
 
Rules of thumb for process engineer
Rules of thumb for process engineerRules of thumb for process engineer
Rules of thumb for process engineerKarnav Rana
 
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)sarkawtn
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineering1langshen
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringPrem Baboo
 
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHING
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHINGLEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHING
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHINGKrishna Peshivadiya
 
Distillation column design
Distillation column designDistillation column design
Distillation column designFaruk Eyigün
 

What's hot (20)

Batch reactor designing
Batch reactor designingBatch reactor designing
Batch reactor designing
 
Intro to reactor design
Intro to reactor designIntro to reactor design
Intro to reactor design
 
Multiple reactors
Multiple reactorsMultiple reactors
Multiple reactors
 
Space time and Space velocity, CSTR
Space time and Space velocity, CSTRSpace time and Space velocity, CSTR
Space time and Space velocity, CSTR
 
Batch Reactor
Batch ReactorBatch Reactor
Batch Reactor
 
Reactor types.ppt
Reactor types.pptReactor types.ppt
Reactor types.ppt
 
Distillation Column
Distillation ColumnDistillation Column
Distillation Column
 
chemical reaction engineering
chemical reaction engineeringchemical reaction engineering
chemical reaction engineering
 
Types of Distillation & column internals
Types of Distillation & column internalsTypes of Distillation & column internals
Types of Distillation & column internals
 
Material & Energy Balance for Distillation
Material & Energy Balance for DistillationMaterial & Energy Balance for Distillation
Material & Energy Balance for Distillation
 
experiment Cstr 40l
experiment Cstr 40lexperiment Cstr 40l
experiment Cstr 40l
 
Leaching
LeachingLeaching
Leaching
 
Rules of thumb for process engineer
Rules of thumb for process engineerRules of thumb for process engineer
Rules of thumb for process engineer
 
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)
Conductivity measurement in CSTR water-base(according to temperature)
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineering
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineering
 
Catalytic reactors
Catalytic reactorsCatalytic reactors
Catalytic reactors
 
Solid Catalyzed Reactions
Solid Catalyzed Reactions Solid Catalyzed Reactions
Solid Catalyzed Reactions
 
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHING
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHINGLEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHING
LEACHING CONCEPT, TECHNIQUE AND SINGLE AND MULTISTAGE LEACHING
 
Distillation column design
Distillation column designDistillation column design
Distillation column design
 

Similar to Chemial Reactor by Manish

KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptx
KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptxKRISH NEW PPT 1.pptx
KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptxJaynamGaliya
 
chemical reactors
chemical reactors chemical reactors
chemical reactors Talhashirazi
 
What is catalysis, its type and its application
What is catalysis, its type and its applicationWhat is catalysis, its type and its application
What is catalysis, its type and its applicationLovnish Thakur
 
Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs
Chemical Reaction EngineeringCatalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs Chemical Reaction EngineeringCatalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs
Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs DimaJawhar
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1Fady Punk
 
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and application
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and applicationCatalysis and catalysts - Introduction and application
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and applicationManoj Mohapatra
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringNurul Ain
 
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdf
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdfChemical reaction catalyst.pdf
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdfEr. Rahul Jarariya
 
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanol
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanolFermentation of cellulose to ethanol
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanolVivek Vardhan reddy
 
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10Cursaru d.pdf 12 10
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10Bogdan Sava
 
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptx
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptxHomogeneous Catalysis.pptx
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptxChandni Pathak
 
Catalysis- Physical Chemistry
Catalysis-  Physical ChemistryCatalysis-  Physical Chemistry
Catalysis- Physical ChemistrySanchit Dhankhar
 

Similar to Chemial Reactor by Manish (20)

KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptx
KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptxKRISH NEW PPT 1.pptx
KRISH NEW PPT 1.pptx
 
Group 2
Group 2Group 2
Group 2
 
chemical reactors
chemical reactors chemical reactors
chemical reactors
 
Flow Reactors.pdf
Flow Reactors.pdfFlow Reactors.pdf
Flow Reactors.pdf
 
What is catalysis, its type and its application
What is catalysis, its type and its applicationWhat is catalysis, its type and its application
What is catalysis, its type and its application
 
Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs
Chemical Reaction EngineeringCatalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs Chemical Reaction EngineeringCatalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs
Chemical Reaction Engineering Catalysts in Chemical Reactor Designs
 
Presentation1
Presentation1Presentation1
Presentation1
 
Catalysis
Catalysis Catalysis
Catalysis
 
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and application
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and applicationCatalysis and catalysts - Introduction and application
Catalysis and catalysts - Introduction and application
 
Bioreactors
BioreactorsBioreactors
Bioreactors
 
Fixed bed
Fixed bedFixed bed
Fixed bed
 
Chemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineeringChemical reaction engineering
Chemical reaction engineering
 
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdf
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdfChemical reaction catalyst.pdf
Chemical reaction catalyst.pdf
 
Tubular reactor
Tubular reactorTubular reactor
Tubular reactor
 
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanol
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanolFermentation of cellulose to ethanol
Fermentation of cellulose to ethanol
 
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10Cursaru d.pdf 12 10
Cursaru d.pdf 12 10
 
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptx
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptxHomogeneous Catalysis.pptx
Homogeneous Catalysis.pptx
 
Chemical reactors
Chemical reactorsChemical reactors
Chemical reactors
 
Catalysis- Physical Chemistry
Catalysis-  Physical ChemistryCatalysis-  Physical Chemistry
Catalysis- Physical Chemistry
 
Micro reactors
Micro reactorsMicro reactors
Micro reactors
 

Recently uploaded

Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackingDetection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackinghadarpinhas1
 
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptx
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptxPython Programming for basic beginners.pptx
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptxmohitesoham12
 
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxCurve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxRomil Mishra
 
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...Sumanth A
 
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...KrishnaveniKrishnara1
 
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTFUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTSneha Padhiar
 
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending Actuators
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending ActuatorsNovel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending Actuators
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending ActuatorsResearcher Researcher
 
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHTEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHSneha Padhiar
 
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewArtificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewsandhya757531
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.elesangwon
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfBalamuruganV28
 
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subject
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subjectSTATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subject
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subjectGayathriM270621
 
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.pptROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.pptJohnWilliam111370
 
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxTriangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxRomil Mishra
 
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxTurn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxStephen Sitton
 
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...Stork
 
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosKCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosVictor Morales
 
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...gerogepatton
 
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier Fernández Muñoz
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and trackingDetection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
Detection&Tracking - Thermal imaging object detection and tracking
 
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptx
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptxPython Programming for basic beginners.pptx
Python Programming for basic beginners.pptx
 
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxCurve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Curve setting (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
 
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...
Robotics-Asimov's Laws, Mechanical Subsystems, Robot Kinematics, Robot Dynami...
 
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
22CYT12 & Chemistry for Computer Systems_Unit-II-Corrosion & its Control Meth...
 
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTFUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
FUNCTIONAL AND NON FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT
 
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending Actuators
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending ActuatorsNovel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending Actuators
Novel 3D-Printed Soft Linear and Bending Actuators
 
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACHTEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
TEST CASE GENERATION GENERATION BLOCK BOX APPROACH
 
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overviewArtificial Intelligence in Power System overview
Artificial Intelligence in Power System overview
 
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
2022 AWS DNA Hackathon 장애 대응 솔루션 jarvis.
 
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdfCS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
CS 3251 Programming in c all unit notes pdf
 
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subject
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subjectSTATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subject
STATE TRANSITION DIAGRAM in psoc subject
 
Versatile Engineering Construction Firms
Versatile Engineering Construction FirmsVersatile Engineering Construction Firms
Versatile Engineering Construction Firms
 
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.pptROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt
ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt
 
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptxTriangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
Triangulation survey (Basic Mine Surveying)_MI10412MI.pptx
 
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptxTurn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
Turn leadership mistakes into a better future.pptx
 
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...
Stork Webinar | APM Transformational planning, Tool Selection & Performance T...
 
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitosKCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
KCD Costa Rica 2024 - Nephio para parvulitos
 
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
March 2024 - Top 10 Read Articles in Artificial Intelligence and Applications...
 
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptxJavier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
Javier_Fernandez_CARS_workshop_presentation.pptx
 

Chemial Reactor by Manish

  • 1. A PRESENTATION ON CHEMICAL REACTOR PRESENTED BY Chandramani Manish 5/1/2015 1
  • 2. Introduction Reactor is the heart of chemical process. A vessel is designed to contain chemical reaction is called a reactor. An industrial reactor is a complex chemical device in which heat transfer, mass transfer, diffusion and friction may occur along with chemicals with the provision of safety and control. 5/1/2015 2
  • 3. Basic Principle All chemical process are centered in a chemical reactor. The design of a chemical reactor is the most important factor in determining the overall process economics. Reaction Type 1. Direct combination or synthetic reaction . A + B = AB 2. Chemical decomposition or analysis reaction. AB = A + B 5/1/2015 3
  • 5. Classification by mode of operation.  Batch Reactor Batch reactors are used for most of the reactions carried out in a laboratory. A batch reactor is typically tank in which stirring impellers, gas bubbles, or a pump around loop where a fraction of the reactants is removed and externally re circulated back to the reactor. Application •Fermentation of beverage product •Waste water treatment. 5/1/2015 5
  • 7. Continuous Reactor Reactants are added and products removed continuously at a constant mass flow rate. Large daily production rates are mostly conducted in continuous reactor. 5/1/2015 7
  • 8. Types of continuous reactor. (a)Tubular reactors 5/1/2015 8
  • 9. (b) Fixed bed reactors 5/1/2015 9
  • 10. (c) Fluid bed reactors 5/1/2015 10
  • 11. (d) Continuous stirred tank reactors, CSTR 5/1/2015 11
  • 12. Semi Batch Reactor Semi batch reactor are especially favored when there are large heat effects and heat transfer capability is limited. Exothermic reactions may be slowed down and endothermic reactions controlled by limiting reagent concentration. 5/1/2015 12
  • 13. Classification by END USE BASED. 1 Polymerization reactor Polymerization reactor convert raw materials to polymers having a specific molecular weight and functionality. The difference between polymerization and chemical reactor is artificially based on the size of the molecule produced. 5/1/2015 13
  • 14. 2. Biological reactor Bioreactors utilize (often genetically manipulated) organisms to catalyze bioferansformations either aerobically (in presence of air) or an aerobically(without air presence). 5/1/2015 14
  • 15. 3. Electrochemical Reactor. Electrochemical reactors use electricity to derive desired reactions. Example include synthesis of Na metal from NaCL and AL from bauxite ore. A verity of reactor types are employed for specialty materials synthesis alications (e.g., electronics, defense and other. 5/1/2015 15
  • 16. Classification on PHASE BASED. 1.Single phase Single phase reactors are typically gas-(or plasma) or liquid-phase reactors. 2. Multiphase Multiphase reactors typically have more than two phases present. The most common type of multiphase reactor is a gas-liquid- solid reactor; however, liquid –liquid-solid reactors are also used. The classification by phases will be used to develop the contents of this section. 5/1/2015 16
  • 17. Classification by CATALYST based. 1. Homogenous The catalyst in the same phase as the reactant. 2. Heterogeneous Involves the use of a catalyst in different phase from the reactants. 5/1/2015 17