BARCELONA 58 MODERNIST ARCHITEC LLUÍS DOMENECH I MONTANER - ENGLISH
ARQUITECTO LLUÍS DOMENÉCH BARCELONA I MONTANER ENGLISHMANEL CANTOSPRESENTATIONSBlog BARCELONACOMPLETcanventu@hotmail.com
LLUÍS DOMENECH I MONTANERBIOGRAPHYDied 12/21/1850 at age 73 on 27.12.1923works noted for his modernist style built inCatalan. He also devoted much of his life topolitics. Born in Barcelona and in his youth, heshowed his interest in architecture. He studiedarchitecture and later held a professorship atthe College of Architecture of Barcelona. Inthis role exerted considerable influence onhow modernism was probably in Catalonia.The role of Domenech i Montaner (1849-1923)was essential to define the "modernarchitecture" in Catalonia. His works arecharacterized by a mix of constructiverationalism and fabulous ornamentationinspired by Moorish architecture and a tastefor drawing curved so characteristic ofmodernism
FUNDACIÓ ANTONI TÀPIES the sculpture "Nuvola i Cadira" by Antoni Tapies
FUNDACIÓ ANTONI TAPIES1881 – 1885is a museum and cultural center. Ismainly devoted to the life and workof the painter Antoni Tapies. Builtbetween 1881 and 1885, the facadeof the building combines the use ofbrick with iron. It was the first of itskind to be built in the area andserved as headquarters of theEditorial Montaner i Simon
FUNDACIÓ ANTONI TAPIES is located in the old store `L Editorial Montaner i Simon, theshelves are still preserved
THE THREE DRAGONS CASTELL 1887 - 1888 built as Cafe, Restaurant of the UniversalExposition 1888 by Lluís Doménech i Montaner, is considered one of the best examples ofmodernism.
THE CASTELL DELS TRES DRAGONS Built for the Universal Exhibition of 1888. It was builtwith red bricks. In the upper room highlights the use of sheet iron. The architect drankfrom the fountains of the Catalan Gothic and Moorish, as well as decorative elementsGermanic and Almohads.
THE CASTELL DELS TRES DRAGONS in the life of the building, known as the Museum ofZoology, the content is empty now moved to the Forum, pending the installation of newactivities
THE CASTELL DELS TRES DRAGONS Decor pottery made in collaboration with Antoni M.Gallissà, Josep Llimona, J.A. Pellicer and Alexandre de Riquer, is located on the battlementsand shield-shaped panels of the top, breaking down in blue on white, a natural program ofplants and animals, including number of drinks and liquors
LAMADRID HOUSE 1888 - 1910 Lluis Domenech i Montaner. It is one of the few works inwhich the architect had to adapt with little chance to shine. However, a facade composedof rich ornamental
HOME LAMADRID individual balconies stand out especially on the main floor a semicircular
PALAU MONTANER 1889 - 1893 current headquarters of the Delegation of the CentralGovernment in Catalonia . The main floor is reflected in the facade, the large balcony thatemphasizes the run Composition. The upper floor, bounded by a sharp forward, presents acollection polychrome mosaics alluding to issues related to the invention of printing andthe central part of the frieze a stone eagle.
PALAU MONTANER is an isolated building surrounded by gardens bordered by a wroughtiron railings. It was built in the manner of the old palatial villas
PALAU MONTANER all the top of the building is decorated with glazed tile large canvasesrepresenting the invention of the printing press as a great frieze below the overhang, is aneagle carved in stone that has his sides shields the date of termination building.
PALAU MONTANER The wall surrounding the estate and the metal gates and doors weredesigned by Domenech i Estapà
PALAU MONTANER Hall and inside the imperial staircase sumptuously decorated with thelarge main staircase with carved stone ornaments, designed by Gaspar Homarcabinets, large windows Antoni Rigalt i Blanch and sculptures by Eusebi Arnau
THOMAS HOUSE 1895 -1898 Designed by JosepThomas custom industrial,presents a neo-Gothicfaçade with signs, originallythe building had a floordedicated to lithographyworkshop and first floor,where housing was theowner.
THOMAS HOUSE This buildingis part of the CatalanModernism routecommissioned by JosepThomas was allocated tohousing both as aphotoengraving . Theworkshop area has kept itsreform stained glass andornate ceilings and many ofthe elements of the oldprinting, as the chimney. Hehas also rediscovered theoriginal soil hydraulicmaintains the structure of theold offices were made inwoodwork.
CASA - HOUSE LLEO MORERA Projectundertaken in 1902 by architect LluisDomenech i Montaner. The building wonthe first prize of Architecture awarded bythe City Council in 1906. It houses one ofthe most emblematic Paseo de Gracia inthe Quadrat dOr called.
CASA LLEO MORERA Catalan is the interpretation of Art Nouveau, with curved balconies,ornamental details nonfunctional
CASA LLEO MORERA It is believedthat the main reason is that thehouse would Morera family tracetheir lineage, with constantreferences to his nameMorera, Art Nouveauornamentation typical of thetimes their motives are inspiredby the curved lines and the nature.
CASA LLEO MORERA the house of the architect Oscar Tusquets in the eighties, wasresponsible for the restoration of the rest of the building, restoration of the pinnacles andthe sanctuary of the cornice at the top of the building, which had been severely damaged byfire machine gun during the 1936 Spanish Civil War
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICACATALANA The facade isconstructed of red brickseen and is decoratedwith mosaics from LluísBru, highlighting a groupof sculptures in tribute tothe work of theprestigious Popular Songsculptor Miquel Blay
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICACATALANA concert hall 1908designed by Lluis Domenech iMontaner is a music auditorium.This building houses the OrfeoCatalà, Catalan this prestigiousinstitution has had since its foundingby Lluís Millet and Amadeu Vives, in1891 an important role in defendingthe values of the Catalan culture.This is the reason that thedecoration of the building showsmultiple representations of themscattered four bars (symbol ofCatalonia), which under Franco insome cases were covered withcurtains.
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANA Outside sculptural elements are mixed, makingreference to the world of music, architectural and decorative elements of Modernist andbarroquizante
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANA the old entrance lobby
Double staircase to the firstfloor with large lightinglamps, the railing is richlycarved in stone and glassbalusters, the wainscotingare glazed ceramic andembossed with flowers asthe decoration of theceilings
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANA columns decorated with mosaics are all different incolor and decoration, this room is also designed to celebrate social events or pressconferences
Within this room there is to highlight the front of the stage, all of it a sculpture representingthe Ride of the Valkyries on one side and a bust of Beethoven on the other, made by PauGargallo and Dídac Massana. The back of the stage contains several high relief with mosaicdecoration Eusebi Arnau and Mario Maragliano
The representation of Catalan popular music in the sculpture to the left, with the bust ofJosep Anselm Clave under a big tree at the foot of which lies a group of singers. Themagnitude of this sculpture makes its top approaching almost to touch.
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANAThe capacity of the concert hall is 2049person auditorium acoustics isunbeatable. The best performers andconductors in the world of the lastcentury (from Richard Strauss IgorStravinsky and Arthur Rubinstein, PabloCasals and Frederic Mompou havemarched steadily by Palau, a truesanctuary of Catalan music and concerthall at the time of reference in thepanorama international artistic
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICACATALANA Upon entering theroom, makes a great effect, withthe explosion of light and colorthat has the great room, thewindows on both sides runningfrom floor to ceiling with the firstand second floor of seats as ifthey were trays, columnsdecorated with colorful ceramictiles and the ceiling with redroses and white glazed pottery, atthe intersection of the upperarches are seen in a semicirclerepresenting a mosaic tails ofpeacocks in all their splendor andcolorful
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANA like a great sun inverted sphere-shaped, goldencrystals in the center and surrounded by others with softer tones representing white andblue female busts
THE PALAU DE LA MÚSICA CATALANA semicircle in the back of the stage, there areeighteen muses modernist mosaic and relief from the waist that looks like they aredancing off the walls, made the sculptor Eusebi Arnau upper and trencadís of MarioMaragliano skirts and Luis Bru, are all carriers of different musical instruments, is installedon them the organ.
HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU is a square of 300 by 300 meters. It consists of a main building onthe administration and 27 pavilions. All buildings are connected by underground tunnelsarchitect had several artists who worked with him on the project. The main ones wereEusebi Arnau and Pau Gargallo who made the numerous sculptures of all, FrancescLabarta, who designed the paintings and mosaics and Josep Perpignan, who took charge ofthe wrought iron.
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU was designed to provide all services within the same and thusisolate the city. The design planned streets, gardens, buildings, water supply, a church anda convent until
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU in the main facade are four sculptures by Pau Gargallorepresenting the three theological virtues (faith, hope and charity) plus a fourth, the work,since Domenech i Montaner thought the man had to prove these three virtues through theiractions or works
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU The main entrance is oriented forty-five degrees on theeixample looking at the Sagrada Familia. It is believed that the reason for this orientation isthat Domenech i Montaner wanted to take the wind from the sea to air the hospital andsafeguard of diseases. Montaner is also believed that directs the entry of this way to breakthe grid structure of the Eixample district.
The pavilion is built for access brick like most visible face of the whole. Domenech iMontaner uses a variety of architectural styles in a masterly and very neat as can be seenin the main hall where we find Gothic, neo-Gothic, Germanic Mozarabic and architecturalstyles as the clock tower
Among highlights the main buildings of the administration, which is accessed by a widestaircase. On both sides there are the rooms of the library and the secretariat
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU Inside the main building is a structure of arches and columnsrepresenting a garden of medicinal plants, and hospitals formerly cultivated these plants tocreate their own medicine
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAUThe pavilions have left hospital and itsrole is being rehabilitated this modernistcomplex, which is the largest in Europeand is planning to install organizationsand institutions like the UN high-level,international foundations and thinktanks and research related to health,culture and environment. "
THE SANT PAU HOSPITAL wards are also of great interest, especially since each isdifferent from others.
THE HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU Another important feature is that the hospital was designed todifferentiate between men and women patients. On the right are the flags of the men whoare named after saints, and on the left the halls of women with names of saints or virgins
THE CASA FUSTER is a modernist building designed and created by between 1908 andlocated in the 1910.Se Ps. De Gracia, next to the Avenida Diagonal
DOMENECH I MONTANER used in this house many of its characteristics as an architect: thebasis of robust red stone columns and floral decorations. The set, however, indicatingconsiderable expressive restraint, favored by the white marble
CASA FUSTER The two main facades arranged around a podium run that from the firstfloor is machined as a tower to the buildings crown, the back is, unusually, flat.
VIENNESE COFFEE HOUSE FUSTER (formerlyballroom in the years 50) regained its peak asfamous historical place of intellectualgatherings, which had gathered asrepresentative figures as the poet SalvadorEspriu.
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