English as an Universal Language


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English as an Universal Language

  1. 1. English: A Universal language? <br />Mariana Díaz <br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Whatis a universal language?  Oneusedbythemajority of the global population.<br />English:<br /><ul><li>Isbetween top 3 onmostspoken & moststudiedlanguages.
  3. 3. ReplacedGerman as thelanguage of Nobel Prizelaureates.
  4. 4. MatchedFrench as language of diplomacy.
  5. 5. Isspokenbyover a billion (at least at basiclevel).
  6. 6. One of the 6 officiallanguages of the UN.</li></li></ul><li>Why has thishappened?<br />
  7. 7. History<br /><ul><li>COLONIZATION… startingwithIreland, nextAmerica, next India, Australia and Africa.
  8. 8. “Excuse”: HELP peopletobepart of a REAL CIVILIZATION.
  9. 9. Alltheyaskedfor in exchangewas: therighttotaketheirlands and resources and exploitthem.
  10. 10. Main cause of migrationtoAmerica: Protestantism vs. Christianism
  11. 11. Theirmaingoal, wastosettlea better place, beEnglish, theysought a true England in whichtoplanttheirreligiousvisionsfreely.</li></li></ul><li>More History<br />“PILGRIMS” were:<br /><ul><li>People of above-averageliteracy.
  12. 12. Morallycertain.
  13. 13. ReligiousPassionates.
  14. 14. As theyfound new animals, plants, and geography, theyneeded new words.
  15. 15. New peoplewasarriving(Welsh, Scottish, Irish, Grrmans…), buttheyensuredthatEnglish’sadvancecontinued.
  16. 16. EnglishwouldbethelanguageheardfromtheAtlanticCoasttotheAppalacchianMountains. </li></li></ul><li>Even More History<br />“The propriety of language here surprised me much, the English tongue being spoken by all ranks, in a degree of purity and perfection, surpassing any but the polite part of London.” (Lord Gordon, 1764)<br />After 1776:<br /><ul><li>Americans decided to attempt to their English the BEST of the world.</li></ul>By 1820’s:<br /><ul><li>They felt that they had the future of English in their hands. They were refining it, embellishing it and keeping it PURE.</li></li></ul><li>“America” Today (US)<br /><ul><li>Considered one of the most important countries (economically), despite the crisis.
  17. 17. Culturally, they are trendsetters:
  18. 18. Music
  19. 19. Films
  20. 20. Literature
  21. 21. Social Networks
  22. 22. Sports
  23. 23. Fashion</li></li></ul><li>Englisharoundtheworld<br />English can be divided into 3:<br /><ul><li>Inner circle: traditional base of English. UK, Ireland, anglophone populations or the former B.E.
  24. 24. Outer circle: countries where English has official or historical importance. Commonwealth (India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Philippines…)
  25. 25. Expanding circle: countries where English has no official role but is still important for certain functions (international bussiness or lingua franca)</li></li></ul><li>Lingua Franca<br />“A language serving as a regular means of communication between different linguistic groups in a multilingual speech community.” (Holmes,1997:98)<br />
  26. 26. EnglishAroundTheWorld<br />Is feeding other languages such as:<br /><ul><li>Russian
  27. 27. Japanese
  28. 28. Portuguese</li></ul>Governments think that English is endangering their native tongues. <br />Other “Englishes” are being formed all the time. <br />In the future, English as we know it will be spoken just by a minority<br />of speakers.<br />The more it spreads, the more it diversifies.<br />
  29. 29. Conclusion<br />English started in BRITAIN, , the spread began with the first mass exodus from a very small country to another continent, where it was enriched by all the new things found there. <br />In the last year of the sixteenth century, Samuel Daniel speculated: <br />“And who in time knows whither we may vent<br />The treasure of our tongue, to what estrange shores<br />This gain of our best glory shall be sent,<br />T’inrich unknowing nations with our store?”<br /> <br />