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Science Technology and society


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Science Technology and society

  2. 2. • Scientific knowledge and technology influences individuals and society. • Technology plays an important part in producing product that affect quality of life. • Better understanding of science and technology it is essential to know the unique attributes of each enterprise , then addressing their implications for society.
  3. 3. WHY STUDY STS • Many of the problems facing society involve not only technology; but also human values, social organization, environmental concerns economic resources, political decisions, and a host of other factors. • These are interface problem that is the interface between technology and society and they can only be solved- if they can be solved at all-by the application of scientific knowledge, technical expertise, social understanding, and humane compassion.
  4. 4. SCIENCE VS TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE • Basic enterprise • Understand natural phenomenon & to arrange these ideas into ordered knowledge . • Knowing why (physical & natural principles) • Observation & theory --- Product discoveries TECHNOLOGY • Applied enterprise • Involves design of product & systems that affect the quality of life • Knowing how (to make things, to satisfy human needs and wants) • Developing, constructing and applying ideas ---Product
  5. 5. INCORPORATING STS INTO THE CURRICULUM • Products • Science teacher involves students in building working models of various machines and gadgets for further involvement of students • Library work is another form of inquiry How technology was discovered how technology works beneficial uses Potential danger of the technology
  6. 6. • Systems --- A teacher can focus an activity upon systems made up of products and devices that already exists-------systems that can be modified and improved to meet the needs of a community. • For example, a critique of a mass transit rail system can be incorporated in a physical science course that addresses energy, mechanics and motion.
  7. 7. ADDRESSING ISSUES AND PROBLEM • STS issues is an idea about which people hold different beliefs & values (whether or not to make recycling mandatory, to limit the constructions of multifamily apartment buildings in a community or to fine drivers for not wearing seat belts. • STS problem is a situation that is at risk for a given population for eg, the poisoning of fish in estuaries that are receiving toxic waste from industry.
  8. 8. • Inculcation – teacher identifies a given value judgment and attempts to impart it to students. • Value judgement is to be presented with same arguments that teacher found convincing. • Danger judgement not to imposed one perspective regarding a complex, multifaceted issue is presented.
  9. 9. • Issue Awareness --- Aware of issues and problems is through the clarification of ideas. • Value clarification is an approach to “help students to confront the various areas of conflict and confusion that are of specific concern to them, in a constructive and systematic way”. • Value clarification Discussion techniques  Newspaper article on a social issue related to a science topic currently under study. Awarding monetary damages to long term smokers diagnosed with lung cancer. • Science teacher prepare vignettes about science-and technology related problems and use these vignettes frequently throughout the school year. • Students to keep science journal.
  10. 10. • Moral development  is used to improve the moral reasoning ability with the help of examination of issues.  similar to analysis approach in that it emphasizes reasoning and thinking  moral development approach focusses on personal moral values eg fairness, justice etc Analysis approach focusses on social moral issue such as global warming, nuclear weapon
  11. 11. • Issue investigation  organization of factual information ae well as the presentation of attitude, belief and values Promotes scientific inquiry and higher order thinking very important for science programs Example not to use some of their land for long term storage of radioactive waste
  12. 12. • Action learning  it stresses taking social action in community, which extends instruction beyond classroom  requires student participation in activities that benefit society  student engaged in ecology projects in their community