Digital Dividend

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A technology disruption in Mobile broadband
A unique opportunity for connecting India

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  • Digital Dividend to Digital Opportunity 11/08/09 Ericsson AB 2009
  • Digital Dividend

    1. 1. Digital Dividend A technology disruption in Mobile broadband A unique opportunity for connecting India Manas Ganguly
    2. 2. Telecom is a large economic multiplier A 10% increase in tele-density leads to a 0.6% p.a. increase in GDP growth Potential growth dividend for India from telecom sector GDP ($ bn.) Extrapolation of current GDP growth trajectory Higher GDP growth owing to increased tele-density Present value difference of $250-300 bn However, this incremental value does not all accrue to the operators, but rather to other beneficiaries Furthermore, it occurs over time – the “cost” has to be borne upfront Thrust in Rural Telecom sector can further increase GDP by $520 bn. over 8 1 / 3 year period
    3. 3. Of Telecom Opportunity and Rural Upliftment
    4. 4. <ul><li>Need for a communications model that reaches out to the remotest rural citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless technologies provide low cost reach to the end customer with ICT solving many rural problems </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate wireless spectrum that provides widest possible reach (upto 30 km) must be dedicated for rural use </li></ul>What ails Rural Up-liftment?
    5. 5. <ul><li>E-Connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadband connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Centre services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP & Value Added Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web hosting for Portal based information services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VPN Extranet services </li></ul></ul>Applications that can secure quality of life in agri - economies 19th June 2009 <ul><li>E-Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line commodity procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commodity information portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-harvest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Post-harvest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-Governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Electricity Board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Railways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Passport Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial taxes Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Income Tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Service Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Election office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Census office </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-Commerce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Banking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural ATM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-Payment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale (Mandi) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tele-marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PKI services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secured transaction portal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive use of Web casting/ Multicasting to educational institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High bandwidth at Seminar Hall/Information Hall at Community Center </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tele-Medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivity to super specialty hospitals and medical institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E-Entertainment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video broadcast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video-on-demand </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    7. 7. Spectrum Requirement <ul><li>In India there is a real shortage of spectrum suitable for the roll-out of mobile broadband </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Already spectrum in 900 MHz, 1800 MHz is much fragmented. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More spectrum must be made available quickly to ensure the full social and economic benefits of mobile broadband can be achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation of the 2.1GHz and 2.6GHz spectrum bands will help to drive the deployment of mobile broadband across India. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited spectrum available in 2.1 GHz for 3G. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues still needs to be resolved in 2.5-2.6 GHz band. </li></ul></ul>India needs to consider new frequency bands (like 700 MHz) for the future growth of mobile/ mobile broadband services.
    8. 8. Spectrum bands for mobile broadband for mobile broadband Making Mobile Broadband a reality <ul><li>For rural coverage, allocation of the 698-806MHz band – the Digital Dividend – is critical for widespread coverage </li></ul><ul><li>The 700 MHz band and is ideal for deployment of LTE being considered by many operators worldwide </li></ul>
    9. 9. Globally, for broadband - mobile is the answer 1.1 Billion Lines Only 1/6 world’s population 4 Billion Connections Mobile networks will connect the world Fixed Broadband Mobile
    10. 10. Mobile Broadband: Making a real impact in India <ul><li>3G investment* in India will deliver over $70 billion economic benefit </li></ul><ul><li>India would have gained over $16 billion (PPP) in the last 2 years but for delay in introduction of high speed mobile BB. </li></ul><ul><li>10% increase in broadband penetration can deliver up to 1.4% increase in GDP </li></ul>* Investment of $20 billion over 5 years Source: McKinsey, 2009; LECG, 2009. $ Mobile Broadband has a significant impact on the economy GDP
    11. 11. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    12. 12. Digital Dividend <ul><li>Digital TV is many times more spectrally efficient than analogue TV, which means UHF spectrum will be freed up </li></ul><ul><li>Large amount of spectrum that would be freed up in case of switchover from analogue to digital terrestrial TV is known as the Digital Dividend. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital compression technologies and coding systems make it possible to squeeze much more information into a radio signal than in the case of analogue technology </li></ul>
    13. 13. Digital Dividend <ul><li>The analogue TV switch-off represents a “once in a generation” opportunity for a significant reallocation of spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>This spectrum has excellent propagation characteristics and can be used very effectively to roll out mobile broadband services in rural areas and to provide in-building coverage </li></ul><ul><li>ITU-R identified digital dividend spectrum for IMT in the frequency band 698-806 MHz in India as well as seven other countries of Region 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband will be the most effective way to use this band, especially in rural areas without fixed networks, where many consumers now use only a mobile phone or have only mobile broadband </li></ul>
    14. 14. Digital Dividend <ul><li>It is approximately 70% cheaper to provide mobile broadband coverage in the 698-806MHz band than at 2100MHz </li></ul><ul><li>This means networks can be rolled out quickly and cost-effectively, bringing cheaper services to consumers </li></ul>
    15. 15. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    16. 16. Present usage of 700 MHz in India <ul><li>Doordarshan uses this band for connecting outdoor broadcast vans to their studios. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, other users have deployed both fixed and mobile networks in this band. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with or vacating the incumbent users of this band is time consuming. </li></ul>
    17. 17. 700 MHz band – Uses/users <ul><li>700 MHz band - Mainly being used by the analog TV broadcast services, at present </li></ul><ul><li>Digital broadcasting is roughly six times more efficient than analogue, allowing more channels to be carried across fewer airwaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for digital switchover will allow for an increase in the efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>This cleared spectrum – the Digital Dividend – offers real opportunities for wireless innovation. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Status of 700 MHz Band <ul><li>UHF Band IV </li></ul><ul><li>14 TV channels available in the UHF Band-IV (470 -582 MHz) with 8 MHz channel bandwidth. </li></ul><ul><li>Doordarshan operating about 330 transmitters in this band. </li></ul><ul><li>Doordarshan’s three digital TV transmitters at Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai are also operating on an experimental basis in this band. </li></ul><ul><li>Recently, Doordarshan started its Mobile TV service in Delhi (using DVB-H technology) in this band at channel 26 on experimental basis. </li></ul>Band Spectrum Number of TV Channels available in analogue mode TV Channel Number UHF Band IV 470-582 MHz 14 21 to 34 UHF Band V 582-806 MHz 806-960 MHz 28 --- 35 to 62 ----
    19. 19. Status of 700 Mhz Band <ul><li>UHF Band V </li></ul><ul><li>In this frequency band, there are 28 channels available with 8 MHz bandwidth in the sub-band from 582 to 806 MHz. </li></ul><ul><li>Doordarshan has not been assigned any channel in this sub-band for analogue TV transmission. </li></ul><ul><li>However, frequency earmarking has been made in favor of Doordarshan to operate Digital Transmitters in four Metros. </li></ul><ul><li>In UHF band V, Defence and BSNL are operating point to point microwave links in 610 – 806 MHz, </li></ul><ul><li>The UHF Band V above 806 MHz has been extensively assigned to cellular mobile services etc. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    21. 21. Why is the 698-862 MHz band critical? <ul><li>It is approximately 70% cheaper to provide mobile broadband coverage at frequencies (approx. 800MHz) than over 2100MHz </li></ul><ul><li>This means networks can be rolled out quickly, cost effectively, bringing cheaper services to consumers </li></ul>Source: SCF Associates Study Source: SCF Associates Study Statistic shows the variation in Capex and no of base stations in different frequency bands x1 x1.5 x3 x5 x7 x12 Number of base stations 2 5 7 10 20 15 x1 x1.5 x3 x5 x7 x12 UHF Band
    22. 22. <ul><li>Mobile’s share of Digital Dividend is essential </li></ul><ul><li>25% of the 400 MHz analogue TV spectrum allocated to new Mobile Broadband services </li></ul><ul><li>The soaring demand for Mobile Broadband requires additional spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>LTE needs harmonised spectrum – the lower the band, the better </li></ul><ul><ul><li>700MHz and 2.6 GHz bands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No spectrum; no incentive to invest in LTE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband facilitates economic growth arising from the Digital Dividend </li></ul>450MHz 470MHz 698MHz 790MHz 3400MHz 2100MHz 862MHz 2500MHz 3600MHz 900MHz 1800MHz COVERAGE Low Cost of Deployment CAPACITY High Cost of Deployment MOBILE MOBILE MOBILE MOBILE
    23. 23. 700 MHz band – Potential Uses/user <ul><li>Wireless broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Digital terrestrial television </li></ul><ul><li>High definition TV </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile television </li></ul><ul><li>Data broadcasting </li></ul>
    24. 24. Proposed Band Plan for India <ul><li>UHF Digital Dividend 698-806 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>698-790 MHz band identified by World Radio-communication Conference (WRC) 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the proposed band – Dual duplex – Reverse duplex </li></ul><ul><li>700 MHz band should be reserved for FDD to improve overall spectral efficiency & allow deployment of LTE by multiple operators. </li></ul><ul><li>Most efficient solution is a 2 X 50 MHz arrangement (with 8 MHz gap) </li></ul>698 806 8MHz 748 756 Downlink Uplink Description of 2x50MHz band plan
    25. 25. Proposed Band Plan for India <ul><li>This plan has several advantages, as listed below: </li></ul><ul><li>will minimize risk of unfavorable fragmentation of the band for mobile broadband usages, thereby reducing complexity of terminals. </li></ul><ul><li>utilizes largest amount of available spectrum hence most spectrally efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides reversed duplex transmission arrangement, i.e., higher frequency band for uplink for better co-existence with adjacent radio communication (broadcast) services. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Proposed Band Plan for India <ul><li>Largest amount of the available 108 MHz in the 698-806 MHz band </li></ul><ul><li>Reversed duplex arrangement is to avoid and limit interference between broadcasting and mobile services at 698 MHz and 806 MHz respectively </li></ul><ul><li>Two adjacent duplex arrangements can make the gap between DL (downlink) and UL (uplink) blocks smaller </li></ul><ul><li>Two-duplexer arrangement can be implemented by current standard filter technology and no state-of-art filter design is needed </li></ul>806 MHz 698 MHz (2x50 MHz)
    27. 27. Spectrum defines the choice of technology * Not possible in present scenario because of non availability of spectrum inline with global harmonization.
    28. 28. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    29. 29. ICT readiness drives economic development 0 2.5 3.5 3.0 0 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 4.5 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 Increasing ICT readiness (Digital opportunity index)** Increasing economic competitiveness (Global competitive index)* * Composite index of indicators relating to institutions, infrastructure, macro-economy, health, education, market efficiency, technological readiness, business sophistication, and innovation ** Composite index of indicators relating to coverage/access, tariffs, equipment penetration and broadband adoption Source: World Economic Forum; McKinsey Developed economies Emerging and developing economies
    30. 30. The band 698-960 MHz in ITU 698 MHz 790 MHz 862 MHz IMT-2000 GSM/WCDMA Region 2 (Americas) Region 1 (EMEA) Region 3 (APAC) 894 MHz IMT-2000 cdma2000/WCDMA BROADCASTING 880 MHz 824 MHz 806 MHz 960 MHz 894 MHz IMT-2000 cdma2000/WCDMA 824 MHz IMT-2000 GSM/WCDMA 880 MHz 960 MHz 698 MHz 790 MHz 862 MHz MOBILE & IMT MOBILE & IMT MOBILE & IMT (9 countries) MOBILE & IMT Momentum
    31. 31. European Digital Dividend band <ul><li>In Europe, Digital Dividend band is 790 – 862 MHz which is different from the US, India and most of the region 3 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Following band plan is being considered at ECC for 790 – 862 MHz band for IMT applications. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>791 – 821 MHz D/L frequency paired with 832 – 862 MHz U/L frequency using reversed duplex directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 + 30 MHz FDD with 41 MHz duplex separation and 820 – 832 MHz (11 MHz) as the centre gap. </li></ul></ul>791 MHz 821 832 862 MHz
    32. 32. US considerations <ul><li>Parts of the 698-806 MHz band auctioned for mobile communications </li></ul><ul><li>Arrangement segmented into two major bands with services related to mobile, high power broadcasting and public safety </li></ul>(2x18 MHz) + (2x10 + 2x10 MHz) 716 728 746 756 776 786 768 798 698 758 788
    33. 33. <ul><li>The maximum use of this arrangement with specifications in 3GPP is this 2x18 MHz + 2x20 MHz. </li></ul><ul><li>Actual 3GPP implementation is limited to band 13 (primarily Verizon) and band 17 (primarily AT&T) </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of broadcasting and public safety and division into two segments </li></ul><ul><li>There is a risk that other countries with the intention to follow with a “US-like arrangement” will have similar type of inclusions of services that are not mobile communications, </li></ul><ul><li>Country specific requirements may lead to the need for “country specific” solutions, specifications, and implementations. </li></ul><ul><li>“ US-like arrangement” will lead to global fragmentation of the UHF-band. </li></ul>US considerations
    34. 34. Regional harmonisation <ul><li>To achieve the full benefits of the Digital Dividend, markets must align regionally to realise potential economies of scale, and drive down handset and network equipment costs </li></ul><ul><li>It is therefore important that India aligns with an internationally recognised band plan to facilitate roaming and interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘2x50MHz option’ offers India’s businesses and consumers the best opportunity to realise the greatest social and economic benefits of the spectrum, other options are available </li></ul>
    35. 35. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    36. 36. BTS deployment in different spectrum bands Lower the spectrum, more the coverage per BTS z 19th June 2009
    37. 37. 700 MHz vs. 3500 MHz – Half the range, 5 times more expensive Operating frequency (Mhz) Cost and range of wireless networks vs. frequency Cell radius (km) Wireless network costs ($k per km 2) Weighted average cost Urban Suburban Rural range 0 5 10 15 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 5500 0 10 20 30 Source: Deutsche Bank & BCG Analysis 700 Mhz 3500 Mhz Underlying spectral band is critical to performance and cost 19th June 2009
    38. 38. Advantages of 700 MHz Band <ul><li>Better coverage – On street & in-building </li></ul><ul><li>Low network deployment cost </li></ul><ul><li>Strong ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Less equipment complexity – both terminal & BTS </li></ul>
    39. 39. 700 MHz band in India <ul><li>700 MHz band in India can provide the future growth of IMT because of the following reasons- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum below 1 GHz extremely useful for mobile services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better coverage characteristics ensure network deployments to cover larger areas with fewer base stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce capital expenditure, which makes deployment in rural or high-cost regions economically viable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better in-building coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This band especially relevant for India, as majority of future growth expected from rural India </li></ul></ul>
    40. 40. Advantages of Proposed band plan <ul><li>Minimize the complexity of the terminals </li></ul><ul><li>High cell capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize the cost and complexity of equipments </li></ul><ul><li>Spectrum efficient 2x50 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>Better co-existence with adjacent radio communication services </li></ul>
    41. 41. Benefits of UHF 700 MHz Band <ul><li>The possibility to use 698-806 MHz band for mobile communications provides a rare opportunity for providing cost effective wireless broadband services. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of its excellent signal propagation characteristics, less infrastructure is required to provide wider coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication services can be provided in rural areas at lower cost( savings in capex) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will help to bridge the ‘digital divide’ in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide affordable mobile broadband to help develop a knowledge based economy. </li></ul></ul>Access to harmonized spectrum in UHF is a key to deliver mobile broadband services specially to the masses
    42. 42. Benefits of Mobile Broadband Services <ul><li>Allocating the band to mobile broadband services, would have several economic and social benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Economically, it would lead to employment generation, increased innovation, productivity and competitiveness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Several reports also suggest that 10% increase in broadband penetration would lead to upto 1.4% increase in GDP. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband would improve the overall quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband would also play a critical role in improving health, education, tele-medicine, and social mobility, thereby bringing rural communities online. </li></ul>
    43. 43. Advantage: 700 MHz Higher Coverage + Lower costs
    44. 44. Advantage 700 MHz Higher Coverage + Lower costs
    45. 45. 700 MHz band advantage <ul><li>Better propagation characteristics. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal for providing wireless service in low population density regions, such as rural India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Target resource for rural broadband wireless access worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Less Infrastructure – Reduced costs </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce capital expenditure, which makes deployment in rural or high-cost regions economically viable. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An LTE network at 700 MHz would be 70% cheaper to deploy than an LTE network at 2.1 GHz - GSMA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two to three times as many less sites required for initial coverage at 700 MHz compared to 2.1 or 2.5 GHz </li></ul></ul>
    46. 46. Agenda <ul><li>Growth Bottleneck </li></ul><ul><li>What is Digital Dividend </li></ul><ul><li>Present usage </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed usage </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking with other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Key Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Way Ahead </li></ul>
    47. 47. Conclusions <ul><li>India has limited bandwidth available in other internationally harmonised mobile bands such as the 900, 1800 and 2100 MHz bands </li></ul><ul><li>The 700Mhz band has the wide bandwidth required to support FDD/LTE deployment </li></ul><ul><li>The rapid roll-out of mobile networks and extensive subscriber growth in the Indian market, mean that making maximum spectrum available in the Digital Dividend band is critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonisation with an international band plan will benefit Indian businesses, consumers, government and the mobile industry. Fragmentation creates unnecessary costs. </li></ul><ul><li>India can take an international leadership position by choosing an option such as the 2x50MHz option for the band or other proposed Band plan , ensuring it will benefit from economies of scale </li></ul>
    48. 48. Regulatory Levers that influence economics for rural broadband deployment
    49. 49. TRAI’s recommendations <ul><li>Growth of Telecom Services in Rural India (Oct.2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DoT should allocate this band for use by advanced wireless technologies for rural connectivity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allocation and pricing of spectrum for 3G and broadband wireless access services (Sept.2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DoT should coordinate some part of this spectrum for making it available for rural wireless networks in the near future. </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. COAI Recommendations <ul><li>585-698 MHz be earmarked for Mobile TV / Digital Broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>698–806 MHz be earmarked for IMT applications </li></ul>Thus, there is a need to allocate 100 MHz of digital dividend band to mobile services
    51. 51. Mobile’s role in economic value <ul><li>Spectrum release </li></ul><ul><li>700MHz </li></ul><ul><li>2.1GHz </li></ul><ul><li>2.6GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Private capital investment </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese operators to invest $59bn in 3 years upon receipt of 3G licenses </li></ul><ul><li>Job creation </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese 3G investment could create up to 36 million new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>In Africa, 1 direct mobile job creates 100 indirect jobs </li></ul><ul><li>GDP </li></ul><ul><li>10% increase in mobile penetration boosts GDP 1.2% </li></ul><ul><li>Faster broadband uptake in Europe could increase GDP by €450bn and create 1.8m new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><li>ICT can reduce total emissions by 15% by 2020, a volume of carbon dioxide five times the ICT sector’s own footprint (GeSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Meet consumer media demands </li></ul><ul><li>Media access habits changing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile broadband internet content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPTV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broadband infrastructure roll out </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile costs 1/10 th that of a fixed line connection (World Bank) </li></ul><ul><li>100 million Europeans beyond the reach of fixed line broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity, growth, innovation </li></ul><ul><li>New tax receipts </li></ul><ul><li>€ 124bn contributed by mobile in EU in 2007, 71% of total mobile revenues </li></ul><ul><li>$1 invested in mobile in Africa generates around $0.75 in tax revenue </li></ul>Government Enabler Immediate benefits Long term benefits
    52. 52. Conclusion <ul><li>Digital Dividend Band can spur rapid socio economic growth of Rural India </li></ul><ul><li>Last lap for communication in rural areas can be cost effective only through the UHF spectrum band </li></ul><ul><li>A shared model between rural commercial and public safety services can be an effective answer to Disaster Management </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate of 60 MHz band is required for rural in the sub-GHz spectrum to plan rural GDP creation of $ 520 bn. in 8 years </li></ul><ul><li>Decision on Digital Dividend Band can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridge the Digital Divide in India in the shortest possible time, say 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly enhance Rural GDP and quality of life in Rural India </li></ul></ul>
    53. 53. References <ul><li>Sandeep Saxena: Nokia Siemens Networks </li></ul><ul><li>T V Ramachandran, Director General, COAI </li></ul><ul><li>Robindhra Mangtani, Senior Director, GSMA </li></ul><ul><li>R.N. Padukone, Pr. GM (Corporate Planning) BSNL </li></ul><ul><li>Arif Khan, Director Regulatory Affairs, Ericsson India </li></ul><ul><li>Sudhir Gupta, Advisor, TRAI </li></ul>
    54. 54. Thanks Please add your comments to enrich the discussion Reach me: [email_address] , Profile: www.linkedin.com/in/manasganguly Blogs:www.ronnie05.wordpress.com www.newspaper-posts.blogspot.com Tweeting @ronnie051178

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