Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Real Options @ Work


Published on

My talk on Real Options at Intuit's Agile Day, Mar 27

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

Real Options @ Work

  1. 1. Real Options @ Work… Tathagat Varma VP, Strategic Process Innovations and HR Innovation Labs
  2. 2. “stories” per story! 14  
  3. 3. “…people who were right a lot of the time were people who often changed their minds.” h"ps://
  4. 4. Moral of the story? Genius. Idea. Smart. Plan A, Luck. Vision + Common sense + Hard work + Baby steps + Continuos feedback + Constant steering + Plan B + Plan C +…… SUCCESS!!! but, how???
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Problems? ✴Slow ✴Rigid $$$……..??….$…??? ✴Risky ✴Costly
  7. 7. So, why do we make such commitments? Do we have options?
  8. 8. Confers ‘rights’, but not an obligation Options represent choice
  9. 9. Commitment or Option?
  10. 10. Traditional decision-making Assumes and expects all knowledge and smartness upfront Upfront decisions => Comfort, but no options :( Single decision-point => Stuck with it! Prefer being wrong (“Bad Decision”) than being uncertain (“No Decision”) !
  11. 11. Best travel choices in London?
  12. 12. Theory The notion of real options was developed from Myers’ (1977) seminal idea that one can view firms’ discretionary investment opportunities as a call option on real assets, in much the same way as a financial call option provides decision rights on financial assets. By way of analogy, a real option has as its underlying asset the gross project value of expected operating cash flows; its exercise price is the investment required to obtain this underlying asset; and the time to maturity is the period of time during which the decision maker can defer the investment before the investment opportunity expires. Formally stated, real options are investments in real assets, as opposed to financial assets, which confer the firm the right, but not the obligation, to undertake certain actions in the future. REAL OPTIONS THEORY - Jefrey Reuer & Tony Wong
  13. 13. What is a Real Option? An alternative or a choice ‘Real’ because it pertains to real assets Defer commitments till the last responsible moment Not procrastination!!!
  14. 14. Real Options Meme Options have Value Options Expire Never commit early unless you know why
  15. 15. Agile, Lean and Real Options Agile = Change Lean = Efficiency Real Options = Effectiveness
  16. 16. Using Real Options For each problem, look at all the options Each option has some conditions, cost and expiry Put all options on a timeline Identify how long you can hold off a decision Until that time, keep looking for new options Decisions are made when options expire Once you need to act…act quickly!
  17. 17. Conclusions Real options are everywhere! Treat is like a decision-making aid Remember the Real Options meme…
  18. 18. References Commitment - A Novel About Managing Project Risk, http://commitment- Strategy as a Portfolio of Real Options - Timothy A. Luehrman, 1998/09/strategy-as-a-portfolio-of-real-options/ar/1 Making Real Options Really Work - Alexander B. van Putten and Ian C. MacMillan, A Real-World Way to Manage Real Options - Tom Copeland and Peter Tufano, http://