Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Reading Part 5-6 : Incomplete Sentence
& Text Completion
Theme
• Office issues
• Financial issues
• Sales and marketing
• Business transactions
• Schedules
Grammar issues
• Verb t...
The reading passages
include a variety of types
like those you might see in
common business or
everyday contexts. They
May...
S. singular + V. singular
Anna reads book.
S.plural + V.plural
Anna and Ed read book.
Countable/ Uncountable
Singular/ Plural
Position
Suffix
Singular Form
boy
potato
watch
country
leaf
man
fish
-
-
Plural Form
boys
potatoes
Watches
Countries
Leaves
Men
Fish
Pants...
[abstract, food, subject, field, weather, language, sport,
activity, category]
Be treated as singular noun
water sugar bre...
Countable Uncountable
A
Many
Few
A few
Much
Little
A little
Countable and uncountable
The, some, any, a lot of, lots of, p...
Singular Plural
Countable
a boy, an apple, one
box
Uncountable
happiness, advice,
flattery
S.singular + V.singular
3 cats,...
Education - educate
Permission - permit
Entertainment - entertain
Department - depart
Signal - sign
Survival - survive
Sla...
Personal
(I, you, she, he, it, etc.)
Demonstrative
(this, these, that, those)
Relative
(who, whom, which, that, what, whoe...
After
adjective,
article,
quantifier,
determiner,
or preposition
Before
verb
*Nouns can be replaced by pronoun
A lionfish is a swimming paradox. It is
painted in fierce hues of orange and white
but it has an almost melancholy express...
A lionfish is a swimming paradox. It is
painted in fierce hues of orange and white
but it has an almost melancholy express...
"Our observations show that large loads of
plastic fragments, with sizes from microns to
some millimeters, are unaccounted...
"Our observations show that large loads of
plastic fragments, with sizes from microns to
some millimeters, are unaccounted...
Many environmental analyst recommend that nations
reduce their ______ on non-renewable energy source.
A. Dependently
B. De...
A. Select
B. Selected
C. Selection
D. Selective
A. Supportive
B. Supporters
C. Supporting
D. Support
Infinitive Verb V.1 (Present) V.2 (Past) V.3 (Past
participle)
V.ing
(continuous)
do Do/does did done doing
be Is/ am/ are...
-ate
fix (v.) - fixate (v.)
-en
fat (adj.) fatten (v.)
-ify
electric (adj.) -electrify (v.)
-ize
central (adj.) centralize...
Amplify
Beautify
Certify
Clarify
Classify
Identify
Intensify
Justify
Modify
Notify
Apologize
Authorize
Capitalize
Centrali...
Gerund Infinitive
function as nouns and
are created from verb
ending in -ing
Can appear at the
same position with
noun
fre...
admit
advise
appreciate
avoid
can't help
complete
consider
delay
deny
detest
dislike
enjoy
escape
excuse
finish
forbid
get...
agree
aim
appear
arrange
ask
attempt
be able
beg
begin
care
choose
condescen
d
consent
continue
dare
decide
deserve
detest...
advise
attempt
bear
begin
cease
continue
dislike
fear
hate
intend
learn
like
love
omit
plan
prefer
propose
start
Forget
Re...
1. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. (riding/
to ride)
2. Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to
dinner. (inviting ...
6. My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes
PTA meetings. (baking / to bake)
7. Don’t waste my time ___________ about y...
Not transform
Ex.
Will + V. infinitive
Such as
will, can, could, shall, may, must……….
Tense Form or Aspect
Present
V.1
Past
V.2
Future
will + V. infinitive
Simple tense
V
Continuous tense
V. to be + V.ing
Per...
Tense
Aspect
Present Past Future
Simple S + V.1 S + V.2 S + will + V. infinitive
Continuous S +is/am/are + V.ing S + was/w...
Subject of sentence is not the performer but is the
receiver of the action
V. to be + V.3
Harry ate (v.2) six shrimp at di...
Tense
Aspect
Present Past Future
Simple active S + V.1 S + V.2 S + will + V. infinitive
passive S+ is/am/are + v.3
Continu...
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb

for toeic use

  • Login to see the comments

Grammar preparation for toeic test noun verb

  1. 1. Reading Part 5-6 : Incomplete Sentence & Text Completion
  2. 2. Theme • Office issues • Financial issues • Sales and marketing • Business transactions • Schedules Grammar issues • Verb tense • Verb form • Subject-verb agreement • Pronouns • Prepositions Vocabulary issue Word families (related words) Parts of speech Transportation Tourism Dining out Entertainment Weather Transition words Comparative adjectives Adverbs Time clauses Conditionals
  3. 3. The reading passages include a variety of types like those you might see in common business or everyday contexts. They May be of the following types • E-mails • Letters • Memos • Instructions • Notices • Articles • Advertisement
  4. 4. S. singular + V. singular Anna reads book. S.plural + V.plural Anna and Ed read book.
  5. 5. Countable/ Uncountable Singular/ Plural Position Suffix
  6. 6. Singular Form boy potato watch country leaf man fish - - Plural Form boys potatoes Watches Countries Leaves Men Fish Pants clothes
  7. 7. [abstract, food, subject, field, weather, language, sport, activity, category] Be treated as singular noun water sugar bread dust sand hair reading jogging scrabble chess skateboarding advice possibility reputation laziness importance family staff team army crowd government club gang band committee
  8. 8. Countable Uncountable A Many Few A few Much Little A little Countable and uncountable The, some, any, a lot of, lots of, plenty of, enough, no
  9. 9. Singular Plural Countable a boy, an apple, one box Uncountable happiness, advice, flattery S.singular + V.singular 3 cats, 3 men, 5 goose, 2 busses S.plural + V.plural
  10. 10. Education - educate Permission - permit Entertainment - entertain Department - depart Signal - sign Survival - survive Slavery - slave Fishery - fish Coverage -cover Storage - store Insurance -insure Existence - exist Constituent - constitute Dispatcher - dispatch Instructor - instruct Pediatrician - pediatrics Specialist - special Partnership - partner Sincerity - sincere Completeness - complete Accuracy - accurate Death - dead
  11. 11. Personal (I, you, she, he, it, etc.) Demonstrative (this, these, that, those) Relative (who, whom, which, that, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever)
  12. 12. After adjective, article, quantifier, determiner, or preposition Before verb *Nouns can be replaced by pronoun
  13. 13. A lionfish is a swimming paradox. It is painted in fierce hues of orange and white but it has an almost melancholy expression. It has fearsome venomous spines sticking out of its back, but elegant fan-shaped fins protruding from its side. And although it floats with an indolent air, it is actually an active and skilled predator—one that hunts in teams using surprisingly sophisticated tactics.
  14. 14. A lionfish is a swimming paradox. It is painted in fierce hues of orange and white but it has an almost melancholy expression. It has fearsome venomous spines sticking out of its back, but elegant fan-shaped fins protruding from its side. And although it floats with an indolent air, it is actually an active and skilled predator—one that hunts in teams using surprisingly sophisticated tactics.
  15. 15. "Our observations show that large loads of plastic fragments, with sizes from microns to some millimeters, are unaccounted for in the surface loads," says Cozar, who teaches at the University of Cadiz in Spain, by e-mail. "But we don't know what this plastic is doing. The plastic is somewhere—in the ocean life, in the depths, or broken down into fine particles undetectable by nets."
  16. 16. "Our observations show that large loads of plastic fragments, with sizes from microns to some millimeters, are unaccounted for in the surface loads," says Cozar, who teaches at the University of Cadiz in Spain, by e-mail. "But we don't know what this plastic is doing. The plastic is somewhere—in the ocean life, in the depths, or broken down into fine particles undetectable by nets."
  17. 17. Many environmental analyst recommend that nations reduce their ______ on non-renewable energy source. A. Dependently B. Dependence C. Dependent D. Depend
  18. 18. A. Select B. Selected C. Selection D. Selective
  19. 19. A. Supportive B. Supporters C. Supporting D. Support
  20. 20. Infinitive Verb V.1 (Present) V.2 (Past) V.3 (Past participle) V.ing (continuous) do Do/does did done doing be Is/ am/ are Was/were been being have Have/ has had had having walk Walk/ walks walked walked walking
  21. 21. -ate fix (v.) - fixate (v.) -en fat (adj.) fatten (v.) -ify electric (adj.) -electrify (v.) -ize central (adj.) centralize (v.)
  22. 22. Amplify Beautify Certify Clarify Classify Identify Intensify Justify Modify Notify Apologize Authorize Capitalize Centralize Characteriz e Advertise Analyze Organize Urbanize Educate Facilitate Participate Concentrate Evaluate Validate Considerate Demonstrat e Sharpen Lighten Shorten Widen Frighten Moisten • Enlarge • Entrain
  23. 23. Gerund Infinitive function as nouns and are created from verb ending in -ing Can appear at the same position with noun frequently used as nouns and also as adjectives or adverbs usually made up of the word to and the present tense of a verb
  24. 24. admit advise appreciate avoid can't help complete consider delay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excuse finish forbid get through have imagine mind miss permit postpone practice quit recall report resent resist resume risk spend (time) suggest tolerate waste (time)
  25. 25. agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescen d consent continue dare decide deserve detest dislike expect fail forget get happen have hesitate hope hurry intend leave like love mean neglect offer plan prefer prepare proceed promise propose refuse remember say start stop swear try wait want wish
  26. 26. advise attempt bear begin cease continue dislike fear hate intend learn like love omit plan prefer propose start Forget Remember Try Regret Stop allow bid encourage forbid feel hear let make notice observe recommend
  27. 27. 1. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. (riding/ to ride) 2. Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. (inviting / to invite) 3. In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. (fighting / to fight) 4. As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. (crying / to cry) 5. Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. Wait for him. (tying / to tie)
  28. 28. 6. My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. (baking / to bake) 7. Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. (complaining/ to complain) 8. Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. (concentrating / to concentrate) 9. Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. (joining / to join) 10. You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? (picking up /to pick up)
  29. 29. Not transform Ex. Will + V. infinitive Such as will, can, could, shall, may, must……….
  30. 30. Tense Form or Aspect Present V.1 Past V.2 Future will + V. infinitive Simple tense V Continuous tense V. to be + V.ing Perfect tense V. to have +V. 3 Perfect continuous te nse V. to have + been + V.ing
  31. 31. Tense Aspect Present Past Future Simple S + V.1 S + V.2 S + will + V. infinitive Continuous S +is/am/are + V.ing S + was/were + v.ing S+ will+ be + V.ing Perfect S + has/have + V.3 S+had+V.3 S+ will + have + V.3 Perfect Continuous S + has/have + been + V. ing S+ had + been + V.ing S+ will + have+ been + V.ing
  32. 32. Subject of sentence is not the performer but is the receiver of the action V. to be + V.3 Harry ate (v.2) six shrimp at dinner. (active) At dinner, six shrimp were eaten by Harry. (passive) Sue changed the flat tire. (active) The flat tire was changed by Sue. (passive) I will clean the house every Saturday. (active) The house will be cleaned by me every Saturday. (passive)
  33. 33. Tense Aspect Present Past Future Simple active S + V.1 S + V.2 S + will + V. infinitive passive S+ is/am/are + v.3 Continuous active S +is/ am/are + V.ing passive S + is/am/are + being + v.3 Perfect active S + has/have + V.3 passive Perfect Continuous active S + has/have + been + V. ing passive

×