Can stand on its own, by itself
No need to be joined to any other clauses
Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry
Does not express a complete thought
Need to be joined with independent clause to be
When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his
chemistry quiz . . .
(What happened when he studied? The thought is
* Before, after, because, since, in order to, although, though,
whenever, wherever, whether, while, even though, even if,
who, which, that
1 independent clause
S + V ( + O, + Complement)
Ed is working on his project.
The new security guard always stands at the gate.
My mom and dad ask me to help them in their
Many people thinks about money all the time.
2 independent clauses
Be joined with conjunction
[ for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so], or semicolon ( ; )
S1 + V1 +, Conjunction( or ; ) + S2 + V2
IC1 +, Conjunction ( or ; ) + IC 2
I love dogs. My boyfriend doesn’t love dogs.
I love dogs, but my boyfriend doesn’t.
Students are lazy. It’s summer period.
It’s summer period, so students are lazy.
At least 1 independent clause with 1 or more
One is more important than another
Have subordinating conjunction or a relative
[ although, though, because, in contrast, when, while,
that, who, which, etc.]
The woman, who bought me coffee, is my secretary.
Although Fred knows the truth, he insists to do.
although, even though, even if, though
that, so that, in order that
as, as if, as long as
when, whenever, where, wherever, who, which, whoever
CHOOSE THE MOST APPROPRIATE CONJUNCTION TO
COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.
AND NOR BUT OR BECAUSE ALTHOUGH
1. We decided not to buy the parts________ the cost
was too high.
2. _______ he passed the first interview, he failed the
3. Neither the price______ the quality of service meet
4. Workers can apply now______ wait until a position
5. The restaurant is famous for its delicious
food_____ its friendly staff.
6. His mother always buys things at shopping mall
_______ he buys online.
Unfortunately, our principal parts supplier, HX
Industries, has been experiencing difficulties at
one of their main manufacturing plants,____ this
has caused a delay in the delivery of replacement
Jean Mallet has been selected to replace Henri
Valois, ________ is retiring as president and
executive officer of Marteux Pharmaceutical
Either the organization’s sponsors will pay for the
building addition_______ we will have to raise the