Planning To Enhance

Effective Teaching

Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
Planning To
Enhance Effective Teaching
t

t
t

t

t

Effective teaching MIGHT result in student
learning.
Teaching and lea...
Basic Conditions
for Learning
t
t
t
t

Meaningful Application
Manageable Tasks
Examples of Expected Performance
Opportunit...
Basic Condition:
Meaningful Application
Learning tasks should be related to
situations with which students are
now familia...
Basic Condition:
Manageable Tasks
Learning tasks should be organized so
that students have the prerequisite
skills for wha...
Basic Condition:
Examples of Expected
Performance
Students should have access to
examples which illustrate how tasks
are t...
Basic Condition:
Opportunities to Learn
Students should be able to practice
learning what they are expected to
learn. This...
Basic Condition:
Knowledge of Results
Students should have information on
how well they are progressing. They
need to be a...
Desirable Conditions for
Learning
 Opportunities

for Choice
 Opportunities for Success
 Active Involvement
 Supportiv...
Desirable Condition:
Opportunities for Choice
Enabling students to make choices
about what and how they learn
encourages t...
Desirable Condition:
Opportunities for Success
Students should have more than one
opportunity to complete a learning task
...
Desirable Condition:
Active Involvement
Learning tasks should engage students
and hold their attention. Students need
not ...
Desirable Condition:
Supportive Environment
Students may be threatened or
discouraged by what they are expected
to learn. ...
Teaching for learning
is enhanced when students:
 understand

what is expected of them
 are fully engaged in their work
...
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Planning to enhance effective teaching

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Planning to enhance effective teaching

  1. 1. Planning To Enhance Effective Teaching Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  2. 2. Planning To Enhance Effective Teaching t t t t t Effective teaching MIGHT result in student learning. Teaching and learning are not necessarily related. Consistently good learning rarely occurs without effective teaching. The best, most effective, teachers are those who establish conditions most conducive to learning. There are two basic types of conditions:  Basic  desirable Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  3. 3. Basic Conditions for Learning t t t t Meaningful Application Manageable Tasks Examples of Expected Performance Opportunities to Learn Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  4. 4. Basic Condition: Meaningful Application Learning tasks should be related to situations with which students are now familiar or to those which they can reasonably expect to encounter in the future. Information and skills should be shown as useful to students. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  5. 5. Basic Condition: Manageable Tasks Learning tasks should be organized so that students have the prerequisite skills for what they are asked to do. Tasks should be arranged systematically and set at a difficulty level appropriate for the student. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  6. 6. Basic Condition: Examples of Expected Performance Students should have access to examples which illustrate how tasks are to be performed. There should be examples of optimum, "error-free" performance (if possible) and examples of what is acceptable achievement in various situations. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  7. 7. Basic Condition: Opportunities to Learn Students should be able to practice learning what they are expected to learn. This practice may take place in situations which are either identical, equivalent, or analogous to those situations in which students will need to apply or demonstrate what they have learned. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  8. 8. Basic Condition: Knowledge of Results Students should have information on how well they are progressing. They need to be aware of the errors they make, how to go about correcting those errors, and the extent to which they are succeeding. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  9. 9. Desirable Conditions for Learning  Opportunities for Choice  Opportunities for Success  Active Involvement  Supportive Environment Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  10. 10. Desirable Condition: Opportunities for Choice Enabling students to make choices about what and how they learn encourages their participation in the learning tasks. If students lack opportunities to make decisions about their own learning, they will seldom take responsibility for it. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  11. 11. Desirable Condition: Opportunities for Success Students should have more than one opportunity to complete a learning task successfully. They should be able to make errors without always facing a penalty for failure. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  12. 12. Desirable Condition: Active Involvement Learning tasks should engage students and hold their attention. Students need not be entertained, but they should be able to participate actively in the learning process. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  13. 13. Desirable Condition: Supportive Environment Students may be threatened or discouraged by what they are expected to learn. The instructional context should be such that they can get assistance in working through the problems they encounter. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com
  14. 14. Teaching for learning is enhanced when students:  understand what is expected of them  are fully engaged in their work  get recognition for their work  learn quickly about their errors  learn from their errors  receive guidance for improvement work under a suitable classroom atmosphere – class discipline – openness to learning Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Research Scholar sahmadawan@gmail.com

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