Inclusive education

686 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
686
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Inclusive education

  1. 1. IN THE NAME ALLAH Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  2. 2. Inclusive vs Mainstreaming Sajjad Ahmad Awan PhD Scholar AIOU Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  3. 3. Exceptional Child   is one that is different in some way from the "normal" or "average" child. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  4. 4. Exceptionalities types Sensory Impairment (V.I., H.I.) Physical Handicapped Speech and Language Impairment Emotional Disturbance Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  5. 5. Exceptionalities types • Intellectual (or Learning or Developmentally Delayed Disabilities) • Mental Retardation • Autism • Giftedness Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  6. 6. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  7. 7. Inclusion Inclusive means moving from ‘obsession with individual difficulties’ to an ‘agenda of rights’ by maintaining: flexibility, developing supportive networks, fostering respect for individual differences, promoting consultative, co-operative and adaptive educational practices, empowering teachers and by providing barrier free education with equal opportunities. School attempts to respond to all pupils as individuals by considering its curricular organization and provision, through this process the school builds its capacity to accept all pupils from the local community who wish to attend. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  8. 8. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  9. 9. Inclusive education is a strategy for achieving education for all thus it involves the processes of increasing the participation of students in, and reducing their exclusion from: the cultures, curricula and communities of local schools Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  10. 10. Rationale for Inclusive Education: • Each child has a right to belong and to share normal experiences with family, neighbors and peers. • Each child has a right to a quality education in his or her school. • All children can learn and develop, working side by side with peers with diverse skills and abilities • Helps all children learn and develop the skills necessary to live and work in the real world. • Each child has a vital contribution to make to society. • Schools should strive to be communicate that value diversity. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  11. 11. AN INCLUSIVE LEARNING FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT (ILFE) • community share a vision of how children should work and play together. • gender-fair and non-discriminatory, sensitive to all cultures and relevant to the daily lives of children and their families, • Teachers, administrators and students respect and celebrate their different languages, cultural backgrounds and abilities. • teaches children life skills and healthy lifestyles. • do not label children in any way. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  12. 12. AN INCLUSIVE LEARNING FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT Encourages teachers, children, families and communities to help children to learn within the classroom and outside of it. • In the classroom, children and not just teacherstake responsibility for their learning and actively participate in it. • Learning is linked to each child’s goals in life and is meaningful for their daily lives. • Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  13. 13. Steps for Planning • What do people already know and what do they need to learn? • Find out about the school and the community’s children. • Find out which children in the community are not coming to school. • Identify the educational needs of your students,those of traditionally excluded children in your community. • Identify existing resources in your school and community. • Describe the current education programme and the school environment. • Identify and describe teaching and learning processes in classrooms. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  14. 14. Steps for Planning Describe the desired education programme and school environment /barrier free Describe the desired classroom environment. Identify support available in your school Identify support available in the surroundings of the school Analyze this information Collect further information. Develop a schedule of activities for implementing ILFE. Provide for additional resources as needed. Consider minds and hearts. Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  15. 15. Steps for Planning • Provide technical assistance for staff as needed. • Train school staff and students as needed. • Promote active parental involvement. • Plan how you will deal with resistance. Evaluate Your Success....Follow up… Improvement Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar
  16. 16. Barriers to Inclusive Education • • • • • • • • • • Lack of organizational changes. Attitudes Physical Barriers Curriculum Teachers Language and communication Socio-economic factors Funding Organization of the education system Policies as barriers Ahmad Awan Phd Malik Sajjad Research Scholar
  17. 17. THANKS FOR PATIENCE ALLAH HAFIZ Malik Sajjad Ahmad Awan Phd Research Scholar

×