50 Greatest Artists

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A personal selection of artists in the western tradition. This project was designed to be a visual reminder of the great artists that have gone before and their enduring legacy.

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50 Greatest Artists

  1. 1. 50 World’s Greatest Artists
  2. 2. A personal selection of artists in the western tradition from the early Renaissance onwards.
  3. 3. 1 Giotto The Virgin and Child with Saints and Allegorical Figures (1315–20) Giotto di Bondone (1266–1337) Famous for frescos and tempera Story telling with dramatic scenes New three dimensionality to art The move away from stylized scenes had begun.
  4. 4. 2 Botticelli La Primavera (Spring) (1478) Sandro Botticelli (1445 - 1510) Great colourist and line drawing Less academic and more poetic art
  5. 5. 3 Leonardo da Vinci Mona Lisa (1503 - 1505) Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 - 1519) The Renaissance Man Incorporated all previous elements of painting including the psychological connection with the viewer.
  6. 6. 4 Raphael Philosophy School of Athens (1509 - 1511) Raphael (1483 - 1520) High Renaissance master
  7. 7. 5 Michaelangelo The Creation of Adam (1511) Michaelangelo (1475 - 1564) The greatest Renaissance master? The Pieta (1498-1500)
  8. 8. 6 Titian Venus of Urbino (1538) Titian (1490 - 1576) Meeting of Bacchus and Ariadne (1522)
  9. 9. 7 Caravaggio Conversion of St Paul (1601) Caravaggio (1573 - 1610) Dramatic, human realism. Greatly influential artist. Calling of St Matthew (1597)
  10. 10. 8 Velazquez Las Meninas (1656) Diego Velazquez (1599 - 1660) Greatest Spanish painter? Real humanity, dramatic use of light and dark
  11. 11. 9 Rubens The Consequences of War (1638 - 1639) Peter Paul Rubens (1577 - 1640) Flemish Master synthesised Renaissance art into a European style
  12. 12. 10 Rembrandt Night Watch (1642) Rembrandt Van Rijn (1606 - 1669) The Dutch master! Depicted light and the soul in a new way.
  13. 13. 11 Vermeer The Milkmaid Jan Vermeer (1632 - 1675) Everyday people and interiors in reverent detail
  14. 14. 12 Poussin Et in Arcadia Ego (1655) Nicolas Poussin (1594 - 1665) The leading classical painter of the 17th century. Grand themes.
  15. 15. 13 Gainsborough The Blue Boy (1770) Thomas Gainsborough (1727 - 1788) Rococo style of naturalism and romance. British art stakes it’s claim.
  16. 16. 14 Corot The Bridge at Narni(1826) Jean Baptiste Camille Corot (1796 - 1875) Paved the way for plein air painting and impressionism
  17. 17. 15 David Oath of the Horatii (1784) Jacques-Louis David The leading neo-classical painter of the 18th century. Heroic and patriotic.
  18. 18. 16 Ingres Valpincon Bather Jean-Auguste-Dominic Ingres (1780 – 1867) Neo-classical idealist. Consumate draftsman.
  19. 19. 17 Goya Third of May (1808) Francisco Goya (1746-1828) Rejected neo-classical art. More emotion and imagination.
  20. 20. 18 Constable The Haywain (1821) John Consable (1776-1837) Painted real landscapes. Nostalgia influenced by new industrial revolution.
  21. 21. 19 Turner The Slave Ship (1840) Joseph Turner (1775-1851) Turbulent, atmospheric and emotive colour
  22. 22. 20 Courbet The Stone Breakers (1849) Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) Realist movement. The farmer and labourer were now worthy subjects.
  23. 23. 21 Millet The Gleaners (1857) Jean Francois Millet (1814- 1878) Painted real landscapes and people with respect.
  24. 24. 22 Manet Le Dejeuber sur l’Herbe (1863) Edouard Manet (1832-1883) The realist who started the impressionist movement.
  25. 25. 23 Homer Veteran in a New Field (1865) Winslow Homer (1836-1910) American realist. Influenced by the Civil War. Labour and hard times.
  26. 26. 24 Sargent Morning Walk (1888) John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) American realist influenced by impressionism in Europe. Loose, painterly style.
  27. 27. 25 Sorolla Maria Watching the Fish Joaquin Sorolla (1863-1923) Spanish painter in the painterly style. Profound understanding of light and colour.
  28. 28. 26 Monet The Cliffs at Etretat After the Storm (1885) Claude Monet (1840-1926) The giant of Impressionism. True to impressionistic theory and adapted it over time. Impressionism had changed art forever.
  29. 29. 27 Renoir Moulin de la Galette (1876) Pierre August Renoir (1841-1919) An impressionist that went his own way. Depicted casual life in France filled with light and air.
  30. 30. 28 Morisot The Cradle (1873) Berthe Morisot (1841-1895) French impressionist painter depicting domestic scenes with truth and empathy.
  31. 31. 29 Pissaro The Stage Coach at Louveciennes (1870) Camille Pissaro (1830-1903) The father figure. Teacher and artist. Influenced Cezanne. Followed nature for truth in art.
  32. 32. 30 Degas The Rehearsal (1874) Edgar Degas (1834-1917) Light. Colour and photography influenced Degas’ approach to painting leisure activities. Advanced pastel painting.
  33. 33. 31 Cassatt The Boating Party Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Impressionist painter depicting domestic and leisure scenes in unique manner. Influenced by Degas.
  34. 34. 32 Van Gogh Wheatfields with Cypresses Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) The singular talent of Van Gogh set him apart from other impressionist artists.
  35. 35. 33 Gauguin Tahitian Women on the Beach (1891) Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) A unique departure from impressionist art. Symbolic in subject and expressionist colour.
  36. 36. 34 Cezanne The Card Players (1892) Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) From impressionism to new directions preparing the way for cubism
  37. 37. 35 Klimpt The Kiss (1908) Gustave Klimpt (1863-1918) Viennese artist. Modern themes and approach to materials
  38. 38. 36 Matisse Red Room (Harmony in Red) (1909) Henri Matisse (1869-1954) Leading member of the Fauve group. Used colour to create reaction and meaning.
  39. 39. 37 Kandinsky Improvisation 28 (second version) (1912) Vassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) Expressionist. Abstraction with themes based on new science, religion and social change in the world.
  40. 40. 38 Picasso Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon (1907) Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) Influenced by Cezanne. Represented deconstructed forms in two- dimensional space. Radical new art known as cubism . Most famous modern artist.
  41. 41. 39 Du Champ Nude Descending a Staircase No.2 (1912) Marcel Duchanp (1887-1968) Leader of the Dada group. World war and industrial chaos influenced their art. Cynical and witty. Man, machine and madness went together.
  42. 42. 40 Dali The Persistence of Memory (1933) Salvador Dali (1904-1989) Leading surrealist artist. The influence of psychiatry, Freud, dreams and new ideas about human nature.
  43. 43. 41 Klee The Twittering Machine (1922) Paul Klee (1879-1940) Depicted the unconscious mind. Inventive and fanciful.
  44. 44. 42 Mondrian Composition with Red, Blue and Yellow (1930) Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) Took abstraction to its conclusion – the removal of all reference to matter.
  45. 45. 43 Hopper Nighthawks (1942) Edward Hopper (1882-1967) Everyday city and country scenes. Underlying unease of depression era and modern life.
  46. 46. 44 Wyeth Christina’s World (1948) Andrew Wyeth (1917- 2009) American realist painter. Regionalist art. Real people, country and small town scenes.
  47. 47. 45 Pierneef Hardekool Bome - Bosveld (1945) Jacobus Pierneef (1886-1957) South African landscape artist. A distinctive style and South African expression of the vast country.
  48. 48. 46 Pollock Number 1 (1948) Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) Abstract expressionism. Gestural art and a departure from easel painting.
  49. 49. 47 Johns Flag (1954) Jasper Johns (1930) Pop Art. Everyday objects, symbols and consumer culture.
  50. 50. 48 Lichtenstein Hopeless (1963) Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997) Pop art matured. Popular culture images became iconic in monumental scale.
  51. 51. 49 Warhol Marilyn Diptych (1962) Andy Warhol (1928-1987) Epitomised pop art and commercial art. Mass media became art.
  52. 52. 50 Hockney A Bigger Splash (1967 ) David Hockney(1937) Multi-media pop art
  53. 53. The Journey of Art www.malcolmdeweyfineart,com Art is one of the most important qualities of being human. An expression from within that may seem irrelevant at first, yet on reflection is critical to our humanity. As schools struggle to fit art into curriculums it is vital that we do not lose our appreciation for art history. Long may the journey continue.

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