Intro To 1750 1900

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GCSE Crime and punishment in Late Modern Britain - Industrial britian

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Intro To 1750 1900

  1. 1. Tuesday 31 st January 2006 Unit 5: Crime and Punishment 1750-1900 Why was there a revolution in punishment and policing 1750-1900? <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>WALT: </li></ul><ul><li>Gain an overview of Crime and Punishment in Late Modern Britain </li></ul><ul><li>2. Identify how the Industrial Revolution affected crime and punishment in this period </li></ul>Starter: Look at the picture. Complete the starter activity
  2. 3. Britain changed from being a mainly agricultural economy to a mainly industrial one. <ul><li>Factory production and new technology led to an enormous increase in the production of coal, iron steel, cotton and other manufactured goods, sold across the world. </li></ul><ul><li>There were spectacular improvements in transport, with 23,000 miles of railway built by 1900 </li></ul>
  3. 4. People’s lives changed dramatically <ul><li>Millions moved from rural areas to work in the new industries in towns and cities. </li></ul><ul><li>New huge cities grew up. </li></ul><ul><li>Population increased from 11 million in 1750 to 42 million by 1900 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Life in these new cities was tough especially in the 19 th century. Working conditions were hard, housing unhealthy and overcrowded. Employment was uncertain and workers could be laid off with little notice and nothing to live on.
  5. 6. Prediction <ul><li>Now that you have a general idea of what Industrial Britain was like, predict what kind of problems the industrial revolution will create and how this affected crime and punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about: </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural problems </li></ul>
  6. 7. Prison revolution <ul><li>Prison sentences </li></ul><ul><li>became the most </li></ul><ul><li>common form of punishment for serious crime </li></ul><ul><li>Prison were totally reformed from chaotic squalid death traps to efficient and tightly controlled institutions </li></ul>
  7. 8. Police revolution – the Peelers worlds first police force . <ul><li>Metropolitan Police Act 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of objections at first </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of criticism by press – Jack the Ripper </li></ul>
  8. 9. Protest!!!
  9. 10. How did life change during the Industrial Revolution? pp108-109 b) The development of the professional police? a) Changes in the amount of crime or the types of crime? d) Different kinds of punishment? c) More lenient punishment? Which of the changes led to :
  10. 11. Homework <ul><li>Research on the French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Main facts of what happened in France </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on what effect this event had on the rest of Europe and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Try to predict what kind of effect this might have had on Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Then see if you can find any evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT PRINT OFF THE INTERNET!!! </li></ul>

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