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Android tools for testers

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Presentation helps qa engineers to start using standart Android tools when testing native mobile applications.

Published in: Mobile, Technology
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Android tools for testers

  1. 1. ANDROID SDK & TESTING TOOLS MAKSIM KOVALEV 2014
  2. 2. MAKSIM KOVALEV SOFTWARE TEST AUTOMATION ENGINEER maksim.kovalyov@gmail.com
  3. 3. ANDROID SDK Install x86 version: http://developer.android.com/sdk/index.html Includes: • Eclipse + ADT plugin • Android SDK Tools • Android Platform-tools • The latest Android platform • The latest Android system image for the emulator
  4. 4. INSTALL WINDOWS DRIVERS For Samsung go to http://developer.samsung.com: http://developer.samsung.com/android/tools-sdks/Samsung-Andorid-USB-Driver-for-Windows For Kindle check it here: https://developer.amazon.com/appsandservices/resources/development-tools/ide-tools/tech- docs/01-setting-up-your-development-environment SDK Manager  Tools  Manage Add-on Sites  User Defined Sites  New  insert url http://kindle- sdk.s3.amazonaws.com/addon.xml  OK  Close Now in SDK Manager packages go to Extras folder  Check Kindle Fire USB Driver  press Install Go to sdkextrasamazonkindle_fire_usb_driver on your PC Run KindleDrivers.exe For steps with pictures go to https://developer.amazon.com/post/Tx3RZFBU0KJTSWS/Setting-up-the-ADB-driver-for-Kindle-Fire-Devices.html
  5. 5. SDK MANAGER SDK Manager is used for separate downloading tools, platforms, and other components into packages. Launch SDK Manager: • From Eclipse (with ADT), select Window > Android SDK Manager. • On Windows, double-click the SDK Manager.exe file at the root of the Android SDK directory. • On Mac or Linux, open a terminal and navigate to the tools/ directory in the Android SDK, then execute android sdk. SDK Tools Required. SDK Platform-tools Required. SDK Platform Required (at least one platform) <sdk>/platform-tools/ ./adb (console tool) <sdk>/tools/ ./android (Android SDK Manager) ./android avd (AVD Manager) ./monitor (Android Device Monitor)
  6. 6. ADB DEBUGGING Adb - middleman between a device and your development system. It provides various device management capabilities, including moving and syncing files to the emulator, running a UNIX shell on the device or emulator, and providing a general means to communicate with connected emulators and devices. Dalvik Debug Monitor Server - DDMS is a graphical program that communicates with your devices through adb. DDMS can capture screenshots, gather thread and stack information, spoof incoming calls and SMS messages, and other... Device or Android Virtual Device - An adb device daemon runs on the device or emulator and provides a means for the adb host daemon to communicate with the device or emulator.
  7. 7. ANDROID DEBUG BRIDGE Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a command line tool that lets you communicate with an emulator instance or connected Android- powered device. It is a client-server program. You can just send commands through Terminal to it: ./adb devices ./adb install <your_apk> And DO NOT FORGET to enable usb debugging in the developer settings (go to settings  developer options  enable USB debugging)
  8. 8. DDMS Dalvik Debug Monitor Server: • LogCat - Lets you view system log messages in real time. • Incoming call and SMS spoofing • Devices - Shows the list of devices and AVDs that are connected to ADB. • Emulator Control - Lets you carry out device functions. • Threads - Shows currently running threads within a VM. • Heap - Shows heap usage for a VM. • Allocation Tracker - Shows the memory allocation of objects. • File Explorer - Lets you explore the device's file system. Using of standalone version of DDMS is deprecated. (./ddms) Android Device Monitor should be used instead.
  9. 9. DDMS
  10. 10. AVD MANAGER Start AVD: ./android avd Start Emulator: ./emulator -avd <avd_name> Start Emulator with enabled GA: ./emulator -avd <avd_name> -gpu on Configuring Graphics Acceleration Must have: Android SDK Tools Revision 17 or higher, Android SDK Platform API 15 - Revision 3 or higher - create a new AVD with the Target value of Android 4.0.3 (API Level 15), revision 3 or higher. - in the Hardware section, click New, select GPU emulation and set the value to Yes. - Name the AVD instance and select any other configuration options. Caution: Do not select the Snapshot: Enabled option. Snapshots are not supported for emulators with graphics acceleration enabled. - Click Create AVD to save the emulator configuration. Configuring Virtual Machine Acceleration http://developer.android.com/tools/devices/emulator.html
  11. 11. LOGCAT The LogCat. Common logging methods include: • v(String, String) (verbose) • d(String, String) (debug) • i(String, String) (information) • w(String, String) (warning) • e(String, String) (error)
  12. 12. DDMS - SCREEN CAPTURE
  13. 13. MEMORY LEAKS Install hprof converter for Eclipse Use standalone version from http://eclipse.org/mat/downloads.php Or use as a plugin. Go to Eclipse. Help -> Install New Software… Paste link http://download.eclipse.org/mat/1.3/update-site/
  14. 14. MEMORY LEAKS In case of using standalone version you need to convert Dalvik-hprof to J2SE-hprof manually In cmd run: hprof-conv.exe <name of your dalvik hprof> <new name for destination hprof> Example: hprof-conv.exe my.app.dump.hprof my.app.converted- dump.hprof
  15. 15. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS
  16. 16. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS Start application, start watching some video. Then click "dump HPROF file"
  17. 17. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS Choose "histogram view"
  18. 18. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS Do some more actions, play videos, open images, try to scrub in different directions, etc. and then make heap-snapshot again. When we are ready go to the latest histogram and click "Compare to another Heap Dump" in the dialog choose your previous dump and click OK
  19. 19. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS In the new-opened view you can see increase of heap and allocated memory for each object and for sum
  20. 20. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS We can see that there is no huge gain of memory and in logs we see that memalloc periodically cleans buffer
  21. 21. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS Also we can go to System view and check current memory usage of device then quit app and check again to be sure, that memory is cleared after quit.
  22. 22. DDMS - MEMORY LEAKS Allocation gain.
  23. 23. DDMS - EMULATOR TESTING Voice Calls SMS Location
  24. 24. MONKEY 1. Install apk to your device: $ ./adb install ../path/to/your/app/name-of-apk.apk 2. Now we should know package of application that contains MainActivity: $ ./aapt dump xmltree ../path/to/your/app/name-of-apk.apk AndroidManifest.xml It was found at the begining: A: package="com.company.android.appname" 3. Run Monkey with different parameters: $ ./adb shell monkey -p com.company.android.appname --throttle 10 -v -v --pct- touch 60 --pct-motion 0 --pct-syskeys 1 --hprof 5000 Explanations: --hprof generates profiling-reports in folder data/misc You can get it with $ ./adb pull /data/misc //Volumes/MacintoshHD2/Temp --throttle is a timeout between actions [ms] 5000 – is a total amount of events More Command Options here: http://developer.android.com/tools/help/monkey.html
  25. 25. USEFUL CONSOLE COMMANDS cd android-sdk-macosx/platform-tools/ ./aapt dump xmltree ../Path/to/App/apk-name.apk AndroidManifest.xml ./adb install ../Path/to/App/apk-name.apk ./adb devices ./adb -s emulator-5554 install ../Path/to/App/apk-name.apk ./adb -s 4df70f6842f34007 install ../Path/to/App/apk-name.apk ./adb kill-server and ./adb start-server Working with device/emulator: ./adb shell am start -a com.company.android.appname/.AppMainActivity -n com.company.android.appname/.AppMainActivity ./adb shell am force-stop -a com.company.android.appname ./adb shell am kill -a com.company.android.appname ./emulator –avd <emulator_name> ./adb shell getprop ro.build.version.release [this gives device’s Android version]
  26. 26. ANDROID MANIFEST Get AndroidManifest.xml: ./aapt dump xmltree ../Path/to/App/app-name.apk AndroidManifest.xml Result: N: android=http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android E: manifest (line=2) A: android:versionCode(0x0101021b)=(type 0x10)0x2 A: android:versionName(0x0101021c)="0.4.8" (Raw: "0.4.8") A: package="com.company.android.appname" (Raw: "com.company.android.appname") E: uses-sdk (line=4) A: android:minSdkVersion(0x0101020c)=(type 0x10)0xe A: android:targetSdkVersion(0x01010270)=(type 0x10)0xe Where data is in Hex format. Min Sdk Version is “android:minSdkVersion(0x0101020c)=(type 0x10)0xe”  “0xe”   “e”  14 in decimal. 14 is API level. And appropriate Android version is 4.0 according to http://developer.android.com/about/versions/android-4.0.html
  27. 27. ACTIVITIES LIFECYCLE BACK – destroys activity HOME – sends activity to background
  28. 28. CAN BE HELPFUL Set path to your tools into Environment Variables System properties -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> System Variables: Simply add “;C:pathtosdktools;” into variable Path. Now you can use tools anywhere from cmd =)
  29. 29. Q&A Thank you for your coming! :)

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